ArticlesArticle on Chandrayaan 3

Article on Chandrayaan 3

Article on Chandrayaan 3: India made history on August 23, 2023, by successfully landing their third lunar mission, Chandrayaan 3, on the Moon’s south pole. This achievement made India the first country to land on the Moon’s south pole and the fourth in the world after Russia, the US, and China. This achievement is important for people preparing for the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) exam, especially in the science and technology part.

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    This article will provide you with the Article on Chandrayaan 3

    Chandrayaan 3 Mission

    Chandrayaan 3 builds upon the successes of its predecessors, Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2. Chandrayaan-1 was launched in 2008. It made important discoveries, including evidence of water molecules on the lunar surface. Chandrayaan-2 was launched in 2019. It aimed for a soft landing near the Moon’s south pole despite encountering communication issues during the descent.

    The landing on the Moon’s south pole is noteworthy due to its potential implications for water ice deposits. Water is a crucial resource for future lunar missions and sustaining life during extended stays on the Moon. Chandrayaan 3’s landing in this area contributes valuable information for scientific research and future lunar exploration.

    Chandrayaan 3 Mission Timeline

    The table below provides data related to the happenings with the Chandrayaan 3 mission.

    Objective of Chandrayaan 3

    Understanding Chandrayaan 3 requires insight into its objectives, scientific instruments, and technological aspects.

    1. The spacecraft has advanced instruments to analyse the lunar surface.
    2. It has the purpose of mapping its features.
    3. It has the objective to investigate the presence of water and minerals.

    This information is crucial for scientific research and potential future lunar missions, possibly involving human exploration.

    For aspirants attempting the UPSC Civil Services Exam 2024, a comprehensive understanding of the technological aspects of Chandrayaan 3 is essential. The mission likely involves propulsion systems, navigation technologies, and communication systems advancements. This knowledge prepares UPSC candidates to address questions about India’s space capabilities during the UPSC CSE examination 2024.

    Features of Chandrayaan 3

    Chandrayaan 3 took off from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on July 14, 2023.

    • Enhanced Lunar Exploration
      The mission integrates advanced scientific tools to study the moon’s surface, map its topography, and analyse material composition. Its objective is to enhance our understanding of lunar geology.
    • Chandrayaan 3 Flexible Modular Design
      Chandrayaan 3 had a modular design. It was demonstrated by separating the lander and propulsion modules, highlighting its adaptability and optimising mission efficiency in response to dynamic lunar conditions.
    • Precise Descent Strategy
      Purposeful deboosting manoeuvres on August 18 and 20 ensure a controlled descent. Slowing down the spacecraft minimises risks and maximises the effectiveness of the mission objectives.
    • Chandrayaan 3 Selective Landing Site
      ISRO chose the moon’s south pole at the positions 69.36°S and 32.34°E as the landing site. Chandrayaan 3 executed its commitment to addressing exploration challenges and capitalising on scientific opportunities, including potential water ice deposits at the south pole of the moon, making it a great achievement.
    • Chandrayaan 3 Pragyan’s Scientific Role
      Chandrayaan 3 Rover Pragyan, initiating exploration on August 24, employs Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to confirm lunar surface sulphur presence on August 30. This underlines Chandrayaan 3’s scientific capabilities.
    • Chandrayaan 3 Global Space Community Impact
      Chandrayaan 3’s achievements contribute to India’s standing in the global space community. Successful manoeuvres and valuable scientific data retrieval reinforce India’s role as a significant player in space exploration.
    • Future Lunar Exploration
      Chandrayaan 3’s accomplishments set the stage for upcoming lunar missions, possibly involving human exploration. Its technological advancements and scientific discoveries pave the way for sustained exploration and collaboration in outer space.

    Difference between Chandrayaan 2 and Chandrayaan 3

    Chandrayaan 3 Mission Timeline
    Feature Chandrayaan 2 Chandrayaan 3
    Lander Leg Strengthening Vikram Lander lost control during the descent. Legs strengthened for better stability. Reinforced lander legs to prevent control issues during descent.
    Enhanced Fuel Reserves Fuel reserves adjusted for improved manoeuvrability during descent. Increased fuel reserves for greater adaptability and reduced risk of control issues.
    Wider Landing Site Limited landing area. Expanded landing area to ensure a softer landing within a larger region.
    Increased Solar Panels Two solar panels on the lander. Four solar panels for a more efficient and sustained power supply.
    Failure-Based Design Approach Lessons learned from Chandrayaan-2. Proactive approach to anticipating potential issues and implementing design modifications.
    Continuous Speed Monitoring Limited speed monitoring. Laser Doppler Velocimeter for continuous speed monitoring during descent.

    Article on Chandrayaan 3 in 100 words

    Chandrayaan 3 also underscores India’s growing prominence in space exploration and technology. Achieving a soft landing on the Moon’s south pole places India among nations with demonstrated capabilities in lunar exploration. This accomplishment showcases India’s scientific prowess and contributes to the country’s standing in the global space community.

    India’s successful soft landing on the Moon’s south pole through Chandrayaan 3 is a significant achievement in the country’s space exploration endeavours. The mission’s importance extends beyond scientific discovery, encompassing strategic, economic, and technological dimensions.

    Article on Chandrayaan 3 – FAQs

    Is Chandrayaan 3 a success or fail?

    Chandrayaan mission is a success. India made history on August 23, 2023, by successfully landing their third lunar mission, Chandrayaan 3, on the Moon's south pole.

    What is the cost of Chandrayaan 3?

    Chandrayaan 3 costed about 600 crores INR

    Who is the chairman of ISRO?

    S. Somanath is the chairman of ISRO.

    What is the short note of Chandrayaan?

    Chandrayaan is India's lunar exploration program. It aims to explore the Moon, and Chandrayaan-3 is the third mission in this series.

    What was the main aim of the mission Chandrayaan-3?

    Chandrayaan-3 aimed to further explore the Moon, focusing on enhancing scientific knowledge and advancing lunar research and technology.

    Who is the ISRO lady scientist in Chandrayaan-3?

    Dr. M. Vanitha served as the project director of Chandrayaan-3. She played a key role in the mission's success.

    Can you provide a brief overview of Chandrayaan-3?

    Chandrayaan-3 was an Indian lunar exploration mission with the primary goal of advancing scientific understanding of the Moon. Led by ISRO, it aimed to build on the achievements of its predecessors in the Chandrayaan program.

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