HomeFull FormICDS Full Form – Integrated Child Development Services Scheme

ICDS Full Form – Integrated Child Development Services Scheme

ICDS or the Integrated Child Development Services is a government-run program in India that provides health, nutrition, and other services for children under the age of 6, as well as pregnant and lactating women. It is the world’s largest integrated early childhood development and nutrition program and is designed to address the needs of the most vulnerable groups in the population. In this article, we shall know more about ICDS like the ICDS full form, its objective and its significance.

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    ICDS Full form – History

    The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program was launched in India in 1975 as a nationwide effort to provide essential health, nutrition and pre-school education to children under the age of six and to pregnant and lactating women. The goal of the program was to improve the health and nutrition of children and mothers in the country.

    The ICDS program was the result of a long-term effort by the Government of India to address the growing malnutrition crisis in the country. The program was initially launched as a pilot project in some of the poorest states of India, such as Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Over the years, the program has been expanded to cover the entire country.

    The ICDS program focuses on providing services such as supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check-ups, pre-school education and referral services to the target population. The program has been successful in reducing the prevalence of malnutrition and other health conditions among children and mothers in India. It has also contributed to improving the overall educational and health outcomes of children in the country.

    The ICDS program has had a significant impact on the quality of life of children and mothers in India. It has helped to reduce poverty, improve health and nutrition, and provide educational opportunities to children. The program has also helped to reduce gender disparities and empower women in the country.

    Today, the ICDS program is one of the largest government initiatives in India and is aimed at providing essential services to the most vulnerable population in the country. The success of the program is evident in the improved health and nutrition status of children and mothers in India.

    What is the Full form of ICDS

    ICDS stands for Integrated Child Development Services. The ICDS program is managed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It is implemented through the Anganwadi centers, which are community-based centers located in rural and urban areas. The Anganwadi centers provide services such as pre-school education, immunization, nutrition, health check-ups, and supplementary nutrition. The program also provides financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women and mothers of children under 6 years of age.

    The aim of the ICDS is to reduce child mortality, improve the nutritional status of children and mothers, and ensure holistic development of children in their early years. The program seeks to reduce gender disparities, improve access to health care, and empower women and children through education. It also provides incentives for parents to send their children to school and encourages communities to participate in the program.

    ICDS Significance

    ICDS focuses on four key components: health, nutrition, education, and social welfare. Through these components, the program aims to ensure proper nutrition, immunization, health check-ups, and referral services for children and mothers.

    It also aims to enhance the cognitive and social development of children through preschool education and early childhood stimulation. Additionally, ICDS seeks to empower women by providing them with knowledge and skills related to child care, nutrition, and health.

    One of the primary objectives of ICDS is to combat malnutrition among children. The program provides supplementary nutrition to children and pregnant women in the form of hot cooked meals, take-home rations, and growth monitoring.

    These interventions aim to address the issue of undernutrition and promote healthy growth and development. Alongside nutritional support, ICDS also focuses on improving health and hygiene practices through immunization, regular health check-ups, and awareness programs on sanitation and hygiene.

    Education plays a vital role in the ICDS program, as it aims to provide early childhood education to children aged 3-6 years. The program establishes Anganwadi centers, which serve as preschools and daycare centers.

    These centers offer age-appropriate learning activities that help in the cognitive, motor, and socio-emotional development of children. They also provide a safe and nurturing environment for children while their parents are at work.

    In addition to health and education, ICDS recognizes the importance of social welfare. The program aims to create awareness about various government schemes and entitlements available for children and mothers. It also promotes the involvement of local communities and stakeholders in the implementation of the program, ensuring their active participation and support.

    ICDS is implemented through a vast network of Anganwadi workers and helpers who are trained to deliver the program’s services effectively. These frontline workers play a crucial role in identifying children at risk and providing the necessary support and interventions.

    They are responsible for delivering health and nutrition services, conducting growth monitoring, organizing preschool activities, and creating awareness about child rights and entitlements.

    The ICDS program has made significant strides in improving the health and well-being of children and mothers in India. It has contributed to reducing child mortality, combating malnutrition, and promoting early childhood development.

    However, challenges such as limited resources, inadequate infrastructure, and gaps in monitoring and evaluation still need to be addressed to ensure the program’s continued success.

    Service offered by ICDS

    The following ICDS programs are provided to help attain its objectives:

    • Supplementary nutrition
    • Immunisation
    • Pre-school (Non-Formal) Education
    • Referral services
    • Health and nutrition information
    • Health inspections.


    In conclusion, ICDS is a comprehensive program that aims to address the health, nutrition, education, and social welfare needs of children and mothers in India. By providing essential services and interventions, ICDS plays a crucial role in improving the overall well-being of children and setting a strong foundation for their future development. It is a vital initiative in the country’s efforts to ensure the rights and well-being of its youngest citizens.

    FAQs on ICDS Full Form

    What is the difference between ICDS and Anganwadi?

    ICDS is a government program, while Anganwadi is a part of ICDS that provides services at the grassroots level.

    What is the aim of the ICDS?

    The aim of ICDS is to improve the health, nutrition, and early childhood development of children and pregnant women.

    What is the full form of CDPO in ICDS?

    CDPO in ICDS stands for Child Development Project Officer.

    When was ICDS established?

    Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) scheme was launched on 2nd October, 1975.

    WHO launched ICDS scheme?

    The scheme is under the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

    Who started ICDS in India?

    The answer is the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was initiated on October 2, 1975, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

    Under which ministry is ICDS?

    The Umbrella ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It was launched in 1975.

    What is the new name of ICDS?

    The New name of ICDS is Anganwadi Services.

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