What are Launchers?
A launcher is a device used to propel a payload, such as a satellite or a space probe, into space. There are many different launchers, including ballistic missiles, spaceplanes, and launch vehicles.
In the context of ASLV, a launcher is a vehicle used to propel a payload, such as a satellite, into orbit. ASLV is an augmented satellite launch vehicle, which means a modified version of an existing launch vehicle. ASLV is based on the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle), a four-stage launch vehicle used to launch satellites into low-Earth orbit. ASLV is an improved version of PSLV, with a more powerful engine and a larger payload capacity.
Types of Launchers
An ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) is a type of launcher used to place satellites into orbit. It is a modified version of the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle), and it is capable of placing larger payloads into orbit than the PSLV.
There are three types of launchers in the context of ASLV:
- The first type of launcher is the solid rocket booster. This is the most common type of launcher, and it is used to provide the initial thrust needed to place the satellite into orbit.
- The second type of launcher is the liquid rocket engine. This is used to provide additional thrust to the satellite and help it achieve a higher orbit.
- The third type of launcher is the cryogenic engine. This is used to provide the final push needed to place the satellite into orbit.
What is ASLV?
The ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) is an Indian expendable launch system operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was developed to launch satellite payloads into low Earth orbit.
Specification of ASLV
The ASLV is a small and simple launcher with a total height and a launch weight. It consists of four stages: the first three are solid-fuelled, while the fourth is a liquid-fuelled stage. The first stage is a rod-shaped solid rocket motor, the second stage is a cylindrical solid rocket motor, and the third stage is a spherical solid rocket motor. The fourth stage is a liquid-fueled Vikas engine.
- The ASLV has a low payload capacity, with a maximum payload of only. It is mainly used to place small satellites into low Earth orbit.
- The ASLV has had six launches, all of which were successful. The last launch took place on 17 July 2007, with the successful launch of the Cartosat-2B satellite.
- The ASLV is launched from the Sriharikota High Altitude Range in Andhra Pradesh, India.
- The ASLV has been used to launch the IRS-1C, IRS-P3, and Megha-Tropiques satellites into orbit.