PlacesAssamDibrugarh City of Assam, India

Dibrugarh City of Assam, India

Dibrugarh is a city in Upper Assam state, India, known for its beautiful tea gardens and rich culture. It’s the main city of the Dibrugarh district and the Sonowal Kachari Autonomous Council. This place is famous for its pretty landscapes and its important role in the oil and gas industry. In this article, we’ll learn about Dibrugarh’s past, weather, people, money matters, tea business, tourism, and how to get there.

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    Dibrugarh History

    Dibrugarh has a rich historical background, and its name itself has an interesting origin. The name “Dibrugarh” is believed to have evolved from “Dibarumukh,” an encampment of the Ahom dynasty during the Ahom-Chutia conflict. The term “Dibru” may have been derived from the Bodo-Kachari word “Dibru,” which means a “blister,” while “Garh” means “fort.” The Bodo-Kacharis often add the prefix “Di-” (meaning “water”) to signify the presence of a stream, river, or large river in a town or city.

    Dibrugarh Climate

    Dibrugarh experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterised by extremely wet summers and relatively dry winters. The city’s climate is classified as Cwa according to the Köppen climate classification.

    • Summers: Dibrugarh enjoys average high temperatures of around 28.1°C (82.6°F) during the summer months (March to June).
    • Monsoons: The monsoon season, from June to September, brings heavy rainfall, with an average of 2,609 mm (102.72 inches) annually.
    • Winters: The city’s winters are mild, with average low temperatures of 10.8°C (51.4°F) in January.

    Dibrugarh Demographics

    Dibrugarh is a place where people from different backgrounds and beliefs come together. In the year 2011, around 154,296 people lived in the city. Out of them, 54% were men, and 46% were women. There were more women than men in the city, with 961 women for every 1000 men. Many people in Dibrugarh can read and write, with 89.5% of them being literate, which is better than the whole country.

    Most people in Dibrugarh follow Hinduism, which is their main religion, with 94.37% of the population being Hindus. The second-largest group follows Islam, with 4.68% being Muslims. There are also smaller groups of Buddhists, Sikhs, and others, like Jains.

    People in Dibrugarh speak different languages. The most common language is Assamese, followed by Bengali, Hindi, Nepali, and a few more languages. This mix of languages makes the city even more interesting and colourful.

    Dibrugarh Economy

    Dibrugarh’s economy is multifaceted, with significant contributions from various sectors.

    • Oil and Gas Industry: Dibrugarh and the nearby places are important spots for the oil and gas business. In this city, you’ll find the main office of a big government company called Oil India Limited. They’re in charge of looking for and moving crude oil. The government recognized them as a top-notch company in 2010.
    • Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL): This project, approved as part of the Assam Accord, plays a crucial role in the region’s economy. It involves GAIL (Gas Authority of India Limited), OIL (Oil India Limited), NRL (Numaligarh Refinery Limited), and the Government of Assam as stakeholders. BCPL produces various petrochemical products.
    • Assam Petro-Chemicals: This company, which is partly owned by the government of Assam, Oil India Limited, and Assam Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC), makes chemicals like methanol, formaldehyde, and urea-formaldehyde resins. They’ve grown bigger and now make a lot of methanol, which is used in various industries in India.
    • Tea Industry: Dibrugarh is renowned for its tea gardens, some of which date back to the British era. The city hosts the Directorate of Development of Small Tea Growers in India, along with a regional office of the Tea Board of India. The Assam Branch Indian Tea Association’s Zone I is also located in Dibrugarh.
    • Tea Tourism: Dibrugarh is not just known for its tea gardens but also for a special kind of tourism called “Tea Tourism.” People who want a peaceful and different experience from the usual tourist spots come here. In Dibrugarh, tourists can visit the tea gardens, see how tea is made, and enjoy the calm and quiet atmosphere of the area.

    Dibrugarh Tourism

    Dibrugarh’s tourism industry has been on the rise, thanks to its excellent rail, road, and air connectivity. The city has evolved into an important destination and a transit point for tourists from across India and abroad.

    • Dibrugarh – Roing – Mayudia – Anini Tourist Circuit: This circuit showcases the natural beauty of the region, taking tourists on a journey through Dibrugarh, Roing, Mayudia, and Anini. Travellers can explore lush landscapes, serene lakes, and the unique culture of the area.
    • Dibrugarh – Guwahati River Cruise: This river cruise offers a unique perspective on the breathtaking landscapes of Assam. The journey includes stops at Tezpur and the famous Kaziranga National Park.
    • Tea Tourism: As mentioned earlier, many people come to Dibrugarh because they really like tea. They want to learn all about tea and be a part of the tea culture here.

    Dibrugarh Transportation Availability

    Dibrugarh boasts excellent transportation options, making it accessible to travellers from various parts of India and beyond.

    • Airways: Dibrugarh Airport, located approximately 15 km from the city, serves as a key transportation hub. Airlines such as Air India, IndiGo, Vistara, SpiceJet, and Pawan Hans operate flights connecting Dibrugarh to major cities like Delhi, Kolkata, and Guwahati.
    • Railways: Dibrugarh has a rich history with Indian Railways, as the first railway services in the entire North-East region began here. The city is well connected to major Indian cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Kochi, Trivandrum, Kolkata, and Delhi. The new Dibrugarh railway station is a significant addition to the city’s infrastructure.
    • Waterways: Dibrugarh is in a good spot by the Brahmaputra River, so it’s easy to travel by water. The National Waterway 2 goes from the Bangladesh border to Sadiya, connecting Dibrugarh to nearby places. You can take a ferry from Dibrugarh to places like Sengajan, Panbari, Oiram Ghat, Kareng Chapori, and Sisi Mukh. If you want a fancy experience, there are also luxury cruise services for tourists to explore the area in a special way.

    Dibrugarh, with its rich history, diverse demographics, and thriving industries, has become a significant city in Upper Assam. Its contributions to the oil and gas sector, the tea industry, and the growth of tourism make it a unique and attractive destination. With its excellent transportation infrastructure and natural beauty, Dibrugarh offers a blend of culture, commerce, and adventure, making it a must-visit place in India.

    Read About Assam States
    Dhubri Dibrugarh
    Dispur Guwahati
    Jorhat Nagaon
    Sivasagar Silchar
    Tezpur Tinsukia

    FAQs on Dibrugarh

    What is the history behind the name Dibrugarh?

    The name Dibrugarh is believed to have evolved from Dibarumukh an encampment of the Ahom dynasty during a historical conflict. Dibru may have come from the Bodo-Kachari word meaning blister, and Garh means fort, signifying the presence of a stream, river, or large river in the city.

    What is the climate like in Dibrugarh?

    Dibrugarh experiences a humid subtropical climate with wet summers and dry winters. Summers have average high temperatures of around 28.1°C, while the monsoon season (June to September) brings heavy rainfall. Winters are mild with average low temperatures of 10.8°C in January.

    What is the population and demographics of Dibrugarh?

    n 2011, Dibrugarh had a population of approximately 154,296 people, with more women than men. The majority follow Hinduism (94.37%), followed by Muslims (4.68%). The city is linguistically diverse, with Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Nepali, and other languages being spoken.

    What are the key industries in Dibrugarh?

    Dibrugarh's economy is diverse, with significant contributions from the oil and gas industry, including the presence of Oil India Limited, as well as petrochemical production by Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL). The city is renowned for its tea gardens, with the tea industry playing a vital role.

    What is Tea Tourism in Dibrugarh?

    Tea Tourism is a unique experience for visitors who want to explore the tea culture in Dibrugarh. Tourists can visit tea gardens, witness tea production, and enjoy the serene atmosphere of the region.

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