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NCERT Solutions for class 11 Chemistry chapter 7 equilibrium 7.11 ionization of acids and bases

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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 7 Topic- Ionization of Acids and Bases

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 7 Topic- Ionization of Acids and Bases and all chapter Topics produced by qualified teachers according to NCERT (CBSE) book rules are available as a free PDF download. Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 7 Topic- Ionization of Acids and Bases Questions with Solutions to assist you in revising the entire syllabus and achieving higher grades. Register to receive all exercise solutions through email.

Solutions

Overview of topic

The strength of an acid or a base is measured by the ionization degree. A strong acid is considered to totally ionize in water, whereas a weak acid ionizes only partially. Because there are different degrees of acid ionization, there are also different levels of weakness, which can be expressed in a quantitative fashion.

Because weak acid ionisation is an equilibrium, the chemical equation and equilibrium constant expression are as follows:

HA (aq) + H2O(l) ⇌ H3O + (aq) + A

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    Ka = [H3O+] [A] / HA

    The acid Ionisation Constant is an equilibrium constant for the ionization of an acid (Ka). The acid ionization constant (Ka) increases with the strength of the acid. It simply means that a strong acid is a better proton donor. In an aqueous solution, a few bases, such as sodium hydroxide or lithium hydroxide, totally dissociate into their ions, which are referred to be strong bases. As a result of the ionization of these bases, hydrochloric ions (OH–) are produced. For the bases, one of the similar phrases is as follows:

    A + H2O ⇌ OH + HA+

    Kb = [OH] [HA+] / A

    The base ionization constant, abbreviated as Kb, is an equilibrium constant for base ionization. As a result, a strong base denotes an excellent proton acceptor, while a strong acid denotes a good proton donor. The following formula can be used to calculate the dissociation of weak acids or weak bases in water.

    CH3COOH + H2O CH3COO + H3O+

    NH3 + H2O NH4+ (aq) + OH (aq)

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