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Amartya Sen, one of the most influential and distinguished economist of the world was born on 3 November 1933 at Shantiniketan, West Bengal, India. Sen completed his education from Presidency College in Kolkata. He had worked with number of universities in England & India, including the University of London, Universities of Delhi and Jadavpur, University of Oxford and the London School of Economics. He was a professor of economics & philosophy in Harvard University.
As an Indian Economist, Sen had done a lot of work for the development of practical solutions for shortage of food. He also focused on the situation of poor Indian and inspired researchers attention towards the issues related to basic welfare. His work influenced government of India to focus towards food crises of India. His view was wide and it motivates policy makers not only for short term but alleviating instant suffering and finding the way to replace the poor lost income such as stable the food prices in India and make different work projects for public. Sen Social welfare addressed problems against –majority rule, availability of information about poor conditions and rights of an individual.
He also provided the theoretical work & explanation on inequality among men and women. He is a social reformer of India & suggested government to look after Public Health and improvement in education sector. In the field of Economic Sciences Sen a great Indian Economist awarded in 1998, a ‘Nobel Prize’ for his contributions to social choice theory and problems related to society’s poorest people. He was conferred the Bharat Ratna award in 1999.
Bharat Ratna Award
The highest civilian award of the Republic of India is known as BHARAT RATNA. It came into existence on 2nd January 1954. The award was in recognition of extraordinary performance in the field of literature, science, public services, and arts only. This award belongs to all people of India without any discrimination of sex, race, and age. Previously award belonged to only limited criteria but in December 2011 the criteria were changed to include all fields of human endeavour.
Maximum 3 nominees may be awarded per year and recommendations for the same are specially made by the PM to the President. A Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion in the shape of a peepal leaf are the only two things being given to the recipients; no money is granted with the award.
In the Indian order of precedence, the Bharat Ratna award comes in the seventh position. But Bharat Ratna recipients are constitutionally prohibited to use the award name as the title as per Article 18 of the Constitution of India.
Since 1954, 44 distinguished individuals have been awarded this prestigious and highest civilian award in the country.
Get the list of Bharat Ratna Awardees by clicking here.