BlogNCERTPigments Involved in Photosynthesis

Pigments Involved in Photosynthesis


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    Speaking of plant pigment, in simple terms, you could say that pigs are the color-coded components of all living things on this planet. In plants, you can see these colors on the leaves, and in flowers, you can see them on their leaves. Not only plants and flowers but also pigs. We need to understand why.

    So what is pigment biology? It is scientific because pigs of color are produced by living organisms. They are produced by the absorption of color by an organism in its natural environment. Different organisms absorb different wavelengths of light, and this contributes to the diversity of colors.

    Pigments are defined as a set of solid-colored compounds and are used in the calculation of other substances. These colored objects are also called Biological Pigments or Biochromes, which refer mainly to true color. These biological pigments are insoluble in water and are used as solid ground particles and liquids. We can find a variety of Biological coloring in both plants and animals.Color pigments are organic and pigmented, resulting in color-absorbing mechanisms.

    What Does It Mean to Pigment Used for Industrial Objectives?

    Now, what do pigments say from an Industrial point of view? Pigments used for industrial purposes are soluble solvents obtained by mixing two or more compounds. They are used in paints, cosmetics, ink, textiles, plastics, and many other industries. They can be divided into 2 types such as;

    Organic Pigments

    They incorporate carbon chains and bracelets into their structure but may have some form of metal in their construction that adds stability to the parent structure.

    Inorganic Pigments

    They contain chemical compounds that do not contain carbon. They usually contain metal salts that form due to the interaction between compounds.

    Types of Pigment on Plants

    There are different kinds of colour a plant can have. The colour difference in the plants is due to the different light waves they absorb. Solid colour plants are also used to make natural dyes. So what are the types of plant colours? Let’s look at them.

    Now, as in the previous discussion, we have the answer to the question “What is the main pigment in plants?”. The answer is chlorophyll, which is the green colour of plants. It is the most abundant plant colour in the world. So what are some of the plant stains or any pig found in plants?

    Besides the green colour of plants, Carotenoids, Flavonoids, and Betalain are some of the plants of colour. When it comes to fruits and vegetables, colored pigs are also present. To name a few, the yellow colour found in them is called Lutein and the red in plants is Lycopene.

    Anthocyanins are water-soluble pigments present in the flowers of various species.

    The green pigment in plants can vary depending on the organism from which it is derived. The four types of chlorophyll in plants are chlorophyll-a, b, c, d. These types of chlorophyll pigment are found in a variety of algae, high-grade plants, and cyanobacteria that emit high wavelengths of light that absorb them.

    Chlorophyll species in Algae are classified as follows;

    Type-a in algae.

    Type-b in green algae.

    Type-c in brown algae.

    Type the red algae.

    The Importance of Pigs

    So far, we have discussed the answers and facts of such questions as “what are the counts?” and “What does pigment mean?”. We are still going to discuss the question “what do pigments do to plants?”. So let’s get started.

    Chlorophyll or green pigment in plants is one of the most important components that plants need to prepare their food. The absorption of light that results in green colour production helps plants to process photosynthesis and repair food.


    Did you know that leaves change colour? Yes, that’s right. Due to seasonal changes, especially in autumn, it is difficult to absorb most of the sunlight in the leaves as the days get shorter. The supply of chlorophyll needed for plants to make food is not met and as a result, they start using chlorophyll that has been stored all year round.

    Also read: Biosynthetic Phase of Photosynthesis


    1. What is pigment in Science?

    Ans: In the field of Science, pigment is the substance that changes the colour of light from which it is transmitted. This condition occurs due to the absorption of light depending on the different waves. These colours have found their use in various industries. The colouring process differs from fluorescence, luminescence, and phosphorescence.

    The answer to “what pigs are” is different in the field of Biology. Plants usually have more than one pigment available to absorb more sunlight to produce more food. The most important of these pigments is chlorophyll which is responsible for photosynthesis.

    2. What is the main pigment in plants?

    Ans: The main pigment is an important pigment found in many plants. The color we see is the light produced during the absorption process. The answer to the question “what is the green pigment in the leaves” is Chlorophyll, which is the main pigment in plants. This pigment is primarily responsible for photosynthesis in plants.

    It absorbs green and yellow light waves and shows green. This is the reason why many plants look green in color. Chlorophyll is a major pigment that aids in the process of photosynthesis. Plants are able to make their own food because of Chlorophyll.


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