Table of Contents

**CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus:** The Class 11 Physics syllabus, expertly developed by subject experts, aims to facilitate effective learning and high scores for students. Thorough research informs the syllabus, ensuring it contains critical exam preparation information.

The syllabus, designed for the academic year 2023-24, comprehensively addresses key topics and subtopics in CBSE Physics, as well as details on marking schemes and the time required for course completion.

**CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24**

The **CBSE Syllabus** for Class 11 Physics 2023-the board has released 24. The syllabus is detailed below, and students can refer to it to learn more about the CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus:

Unit |
Chapter |
Topics Covered |

Unit-I: Physical World and Measurement | Chapter 2: Units and Measurements | Need for measurement; Units of measurement; Systems of units; SI units, fundamental units, and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; Errors in measurement; Significant figures. |

Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications. | ||

Unit-II: Kinematics | Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line | Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and nonuniform motion, instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). |

Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane | Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors; general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, unit vector, resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, scalar and vector product of vectors. Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and acceleration, acceleration-projectile motion, and uniform circular motion. | |

Unit-III: Laws of Motion | Chapter 5: Laws of Motion | Newton’s first law of motion; momentum; Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion (recapitulation only). The law of linear momentum conservation and its applications. Concurrent force equilibrium, static and kinetic friction, friction laws, rolling friction, and lubrication. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road). |

Unit-IV: Work, Energy and Power | Chapter 6: Work, Energy and Power | Work accomplished with a variable force and a constant force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power. Potential energy, spring potential energy, conservative forces: mechanical energy conservation (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. |

Unit-V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body | Chapter 7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion | Momentum conservation and center of mass motion in a two-particle system. The center of mass of a rigid body; the center of mass of a uniform rod. Torque, angular momentum, the law of conservation of angular momentum, and its applications. Rigid body equilibrium, rigid body rotation and rotational motion equations, and comparison of linear and rotational motions are all covered. Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, and values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). |

Unit-VI: Gravitation | Chapter 8: Gravitation | Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, as well as the universal law of gravitation. Gravitational acceleration and its variation with altitude and depth. A satellite’s gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape speed, and orbital velocity. |

Unit-VII: Properties of Bulk Matter | Chapter 9: Mechanical Properties of Solids | Elasticity, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (qualitative idea only), Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. |

Chapter 10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids | The pressure caused by a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes); and the effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem, and its applications are all topics covered in this course. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, pressure excess across a curved surface, and application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles, and capillary rise are all discussed. | |

Chapter 11: Thermal Properties of Matter | Heat, temperature, (only for recapitulation) Specific heat capacity; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases; anomalous expansion of water; Cp, Cv denote calorimetry; state change denotes latent heat capacity. Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation (recapitulation only), thermal conductivity, qualitative Blackbody radiation ideas, Wein’s displacement law, and Stefan’s law. | |

Unit-VIII: Thermodynamics | Chapter 12: Thermodynamics | Thermal equilibrium and temperature definition (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work, and internal energy. First and second laws of thermodynamics: gaseous state of matter, change of condition of gaseous state – isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes. |

Unit-IX: Behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases | Chapter 13: Kinetic Theory | Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom; law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path; Avogadro’s number. |

Unit-X: Oscillations and Waves | Chapter 14: Oscillations | Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions and their application. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring- restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. |

Chapter 15: Waves | Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats. |

**Also Check: CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus**

**CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus and Practical Syllabus 2023-24**

**Section A: Experiments**

Candidates can check the important experiments for Physics syllabus in Section A.

Experiment No. |
Experiment Description |

1 | Using Vernier calipers, measure the diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body, as well as the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter, and thus determine its volume. |

2 | Using a screw gauge, determine the diameter of a given wire and the thickness of a given sheet. |

3 | Using the screw gauge, determine the volume of an irregular lamina. |

4 | A spherometer is used to calculate the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface. |

5 | Using a beam balance to determine the mass of two different objects. |

6 | To determine the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors. |

7 | Plot the L-T2 graph of a simple pendulum and use it to calculate the effective length of a second’s pendulum. |

8 | To investigate and interpret the variation of the time period of a simple pendulum of a given length using bobs of the same size but different masses. |

9 | To investigate the relationship between limiting friction force and normal reaction and to calculate the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface. |

10 | To find the downward force along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and sin θ. |

**Section B: Experiments**

Candidates can check the important experiments for the Physics syllabus in Section B.

Experiment No. |
Experiment Description |

1 | To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire. |

2 | To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension. |

3 | To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V. |

4 | To determine the surface tension of water by the capillary rise method. |

5 | To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body. |

6 | To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve. |

7 | To determine the specific heat capacity of a given solid by the method of mixtures. |

8 | To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using a sonometer. |

9 | To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using a sonometer. |

10 | To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube with two resonance positions. |

## CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 FAQs

### What is the physics syllabus for Class 11?

The Physics Syllabus for Class 11 consists of 10 units with 15 Total Chapters In Physics Class 11. These chapters focus on fundamental concepts such as the Laws of Motion, Gravity, Properties of Matter, and Thermodynamics.

### Which physics books are published by NCERT?

NCERT's Physics, Class XI, Parts I and II. NCERT publishes a Physics Laboratory Manual for Class XI. NCERT's list of additional related books and manuals (including multimedia).

### How do I prepare a physics syllabus?

The Physics syllabus has been prepared according to the annual scheme of assessment. Students must read the entire syllabus and study Physics in accordance with the content. Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units, significant figures.