EnglishVocabularyList of Phobias: Common Phobias From A to Z

List of Phobias: Common Phobias From A to Z

List of Phobias: Phobias are anxiety disorders that trigger intense, irrational fear about specific situations, living beings, places, or objects. Those with phobias tend to rearrange their lives to steer clear of what they fear, even if the danger is more imagined than real.

    Fill Out the Form for Expert Academic Guidance!


    Live ClassesBooksTest SeriesSelf Learning

    Verify OTP Code (required)

    I agree to the terms and conditions and privacy policy.

    These fears are diagnosable mental health issues, causing individuals extreme distress when confronted with the object of their fear, often disrupting their daily lives and possibly leading to panic attacks. Here we have provided a complete Phobias list from A to Z to help children navigate and understand their fears better.

    List of Phobias

    Also Check: English Vocabulary

    What Are Phobias?

    Phobias are intense fears that don’t make much sense. When you have a phobia, you might feel extremely scared or panicked when you come across whatever you’re afraid of. This fear could be about a particular thing, situation, or place. Unlike regular anxiety, phobias are usually linked to something specific.

    Phobias can really mess up your life, ranging from being bothersome to completely disabling. Even though people with phobias know their fear doesn’t really make sense, they can’t shake it off. These fears can mess with your job, studies, and relationships.

    Also Check: How To Learn English Quickly

    Causes of Phobia

    The exact reasons behind phobias aren’t fully understood, but it’s likely a mix of different things. Certain factors can increase the chances of developing a phobia:

    Genetics: If someone in your family has a phobia or another anxiety disorder, you’re more likely to develop one too. However, even if no one in your family has it, you can still develop a phobia.

    Traumatic experiences: Going through a tough, stressful, or traumatic event can also bring on a phobia. For instance, being bitten by a dog as a kid might make you scared of dogs later in life.

    Don’t Miss

    Discover More About English Vocabulary
    3 Letter Words Appreciation Words
    Action Words Opposite Words
    Rhyming Words Compound Words
    Prefix and Suffix Daily Used English Words
    New Words In English 6 Letter Words
    Positive Words in English How To Learn English Quickly
    Difficult Words 4 Letter Words
    Praising Words 7 Letter Words
    Idioms in English English Poems for Kids
    8 Letter Words Poems on Republic day
    9 Letter Words Transition Words
    Homonyms Homophones
    Dictation Words Words that Start with a
    Tr Words Fl Words
    PL Words One Word Substituion

    Types of Phobias

    The following are the main types of Phobia:

    Specific Phobia

    Specific phobia, also known as a simple phobia, is an intense fear of a particular object or situation that is usually harmless. For instance, someone might have a fear of flying because they worry the plane will crash, or fear dogs because they might bite. Other examples include fear of closed-in places like elevators, tunnels, or heights.

    People with specific phobias recognize that their fear is extreme, but they struggle to overcome it. Diagnosis occurs when this fear significantly impacts their daily life, such as at school, work, or home. While the exact cause is unknown, specific phobias often run in families and are slightly more common in women.

    Treatment typically involves cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with exposure therapy, gradually introducing the feared object or situation until the fear diminishes. Relaxation techniques and breathing exercises can also help alleviate symptoms.

    Social Phobia

    Social phobia, also called social anxiety disorder, is characterized by significant anxiety and discomfort in social or performance situations. Individuals with social phobia fear being embarrassed, humiliated, or judged negatively by others. This fear can manifest in various situations such as public speaking, meeting new people, or eating in public.

    Unlike shyness, social phobia involves extreme anxiety and avoidance of social situations, which can disrupt normal life and relationships. It often co-occurs with depression or alcoholism and may begin in early adolescence. Treatment options include cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, or a combination of both.


    Agoraphobia is a fear of situations where escape may be difficult or embarrassing, often associated with panic attacks. Common situations feared by individuals with agoraphobia include being outside the home alone, in crowded places, or traveling in vehicles.

    Agoraphobia typically develops after experiencing panic attacks, leading to avoidance of places where attacks occurred previously. This fear can become so severe that individuals feel unable to leave their homes, impacting daily functioning.

    Treatment is essential and may involve cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, or addressing co-existing conditions like depression or substance abuse.

    Top 20 Most Common List of Phobias

    Here is the Phobias List featuring the 20 most common fears, offering insights into prevalent anxieties and apprehensions.

    1. Arachnophobia – Fear of spiders
    2. Ophidiophobia – Fear of snakes
    3. Acrophobia – Fear of heights
    4. Agoraphobia – Fear of open or crowded spaces
    5. Claustrophobia – Fear of confined spaces
    6. Cynophobia – Fear of dogs
    7. Astraphobia – Fear of thunder and lightning
    8. Trypophobia – Fear of irregular patterns or clusters of small holes or bumps
    9. Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia) – Fear of social situations
    10. Glossophobia – Fear of public speaking
    11. Aerophobia – Fear of flying
    12. Hemophobia – Fear of blood
    13. Thanatophobia – Fear of death or dying
    14. Mysophobia – Fear of germs or dirt
    15. Dentophobia – Fear of dentists or dental procedures
    16. Nyctophobia – Fear of darkness or night
    17. Triskaidekaphobia – Fear of the number 13
    18. Coulrophobia – Fear of clowns
    19. Emetophobia – Fear of vomiting or seeing others vomit
    20. Trypanophobia – Fear of injections or needles

    List of Phobias A to Z

    This article provides a comprehensive list of over 100 common fears and anxieties that people experience. Additionally, it discusses various ways to treat these phobias.

    List of Common Phobias A to Z
    Fear Phobia
    Fear of bathing Ablutophobia
    Fear of darkness Achluophobia
    Fear of heights Acrophobia
    Fear of flying Aerophobia
    Fear of pain Algophobia
    Fear of open spaces or crowds Agoraphobia
    Fear of needles or pointed objects Aichmophobia
    Fear of riding in a car Amaxophobia
    Fear of men Androphobia
    Fear of air Anemophobia
    Fear of angina or choking Anginophobia
    Fear of anger Angrophobia
    Fear of flowers Anthrophobia
    Fear of people or society Anthropophobia
    Fear of being touched Aphenphosmphobia
    Fear of peanut butter Arachibutyrophobia
    Fear of spiders Arachnophobia
    Fear of numbers Arithmophobia
    Fear of thunder and lightning Astraphobia
    Fear of outer space Astrophobia
    Fear of disorder or untidiness Ataxophobia
    Fear of imperfection Atelophobia
    Fear of failure Atychiphobia
    Fear of human-like figures Automatonophobia
    Fear of being alone Autophobia
    Fear of bacteria Bacteriophobia
    Fear of gravity Barophobia
    Fear of stairs or steep slopes Bathmophobia
    Fear of amphibians Batrachophobia
    Fear of pins and needles Belonephobia
    Fear of books Bibliophobia
    Fear of plants Botanophobia
    Fear of ugliness Cacophobia
    Fear of being ridiculed Catagelophobia
    Fear of mirrors Catoptrophobia
    Fear of snow Chionophobia
    Fear of spending money Chrometophobia
    Fear of colors Chromophobia
    Fear of clocks Chronomentrophobia
    Fear of time Chronophobia
    Fear of food Cibophobia
    Fear of confined spaces Claustrophobia
    Fear of climbing Climacophobia
    Fear of clowns Coulrophobia
    Fear of computers Cyberphobia
    Fear of dogs Cynophobia
    Fear of demons Daemonophobia
    Fear of making decisions Decidophobia
    Fear of trees Dendrophobia
    Fear of dentists Dentophobia
    Fear of houses Domatophobia
    Fear of accidents Dystychiphobia
    Fear of the home Ecophobia
    Fear of cats Elurophobia
    Fear of vomiting Emetophobia
    Fear of insects Entomophobia
    Fear of teenagers Ephebiphobia
    Fear of sex Erotophobia
    Fear of horses Equinophobia
    Fear of marriage Gamophobia
    Fear of knees Genuphobia
    Fear of speaking in public Glossophobia
    Fear of women Gynophobia
    Fear of touch Haphephobia
    Fear of the sun Heliophobia
    Fear of blood Hemophobia
    Fear of reptiles Herpetophobia
    Fear of long words Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia
    Fear of water Hydrophobia
    Fear of illness Hypochondria
    Fear of doctors Iatrophobia
    Fear of insects Insectophobia
    Fear of rooms Koinoniphobia
    Fear of buttons Koumpounophobia
    Fear of the color white Leukophobia
    Fear of tornadoes and hurricanes Lilapsophobia
    Fear of childbirth Lockiophobia
    Fear of cooking Mageirocophobia
    Fear of large things Megalophobia
    Fear of the color black Melanophobia
    Fear of small things Microphobia
    Fear of dirt and germs Mysophobia
    Fear of death or dead things Necrophobia
    Fear of the night Noctiphobia
    Fear of being without your mobile phone Nomophobia
    Fear of hospitals Nosocomephobia
    Fear of the dark Nyctophobia
    Fear of gaining weight Obesophobia
    Fear of the figure 8 Octophobia
    Fear of rain Ombrophobia
    Fear of snakes Ophidiophobia
    Fear of birds Ornithophobia
    Fear of smells Osmophobia
    Fear of shellfish Ostraconophobia
    Fear of paper Papyrophobia
    Fear of disease Pathophobia
    Fear of children Pedophobia
    Fear of kissing Philematophobia
    Fear of love Philophobia
    Fear of phobias Phobophobia
    Fear of feet Podophobia
    Fear of the color purple Porphyrophobia
    Fear of ferns Pteridophobia
    Fear of flying Pteromerhanophobia
    Fear of fire Pyrophobia
    Fear of Halloween Samhainophobia
    Fear of school Scolionophobia
    Fear of being stared at Scoptophobia
    Fear of the moon Selenophobia
    Fear of social evaluation Sociophobia
    Fear of sleep Somniphobia
    Fear of speed Tachophobia
    Fear of technology Technophobia
    Fear of the ocean Thalassophobia
    Fear of hair Trichophobia
    Fear of thunder Tonitrophobia
    Fear of needles/injections Trypanophobia
    Fear of holes Trypophobia
    Fear of beautiful women Venustraphobia
    Fear of germs Verminophobia
    Fear of witches and witchcraft Wiccaphobia
    Fear of strangers or foreigners Xenophobia
    Fear of animals Zoophobia
    Fear of vacuum cleaners Zuigerphobia

    Symptoms of Phobias

    When someone has a phobia, they often experience common symptoms:

    1. Feeling extremely anxious when they encounter what they fear.
    2. Strongly feeling the need to avoid the source of their fear.
    3. Finding it hard to function properly when facing the trigger.
    4. Knowing that their fear is irrational but being unable to control their feelings.

    Phobia triggers can lead to panic and intense anxiety. These feelings can cause physical effects such as:

    • Sweating
    • Breathing irregularities
    • Faster heartbeat
    • Shaking
    • Feeling hot or cold
    • Sensation of choking
    • Chest discomfort
    • Butterflies in the stomach
    • Tingling sensations
    • Dry mouth
    • Confusion
    • Nausea
    • Dizziness
    • Headaches

    Even thinking about the phobia can make someone feel anxious. In kids, parents might notice crying, clinging behavior, hiding, or tantrums as signs of distress.

    How Brain Works During Phobia?

    Certain parts of the brain are responsible for storing and recalling memories of dangerous situations. When a person encounters a similar situation later in life, these brain areas retrieve the stressful memory, sometimes multiple times, leading to the body experiencing the same reaction.

    Phobias occur when the brain areas dealing with fear and stress repeatedly recall frightening events inappropriately. Studies suggest that phobias often originate from the amygdala, a brain region located behind the pituitary gland, which can activate the release of “fight-or-flight” hormones, putting the body and mind in a state of high alertness and stress.

    Treatment of Phobia

    Overcoming phobias is possible with various treatment options available. These include therapy and medication.

    Exposure Therapy: This method gradually exposes you to what you fear, starting from thinking about it, then viewing images, and finally facing the fear in real life. There are different types such as in vivo exposure (real-life exposure), virtual exposure (using virtual reality), and systematic desensitization (gradual exposure until fear reduces). Relaxation techniques are also practiced during this process.

    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT helps identify negative thoughts underlying fear and replaces them with positive ones.

    Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): EMDR uses rhythmic eye movements to process and recover from traumatic experiences, effective for various mental health issues including phobias.

    Medications: In some cases, medications like SSRIs, beta-blockers, and anti-anxiety drugs may be prescribed to manage phobia symptoms.

    List of Phobias FAQs

    What is phobia?

    A phobia is an intense, irrational fear of specific situations, living beings, places, or objects that triggers significant anxiety in individuals.

    What are the common symptoms of phobias?

    Common symptoms of phobias include feeling extremely anxious when encountering the source of fear, strong urges to avoid the trigger, difficulty functioning properly when facing the fear, and knowing that the fear is irrational but being unable to control the feelings.

    What are the 20 most common phobias?

    The 20 most common phobias include fear of heights (acrophobia), fear of spiders (arachnophobia), fear of enclosed spaces (claustrophobia), fear of flying (aviophobia), fear of needles (trypanophobia), fear of public speaking (glossophobia), fear of snakes (ophidiophobia), fear of social situations (social phobia), fear of dogs (cynophobia), fear of thunder and lightning (astraphobia), fear of germs (mysophobia), fear of failure (atychiphobia), fear of death (thanatophobia), fear of bridges (gephyrophobia), fear of the dark (nyctophobia), fear of crowds (agoraphobia), fear of blood (hemophobia), fear of clowns (coulrophobia), fear of being alone (autophobia), and fear of failure (atychiphobia).

    What are the top 50 phobias list?

    The top 50 phobias list include the most common fears such as fear of heights, fear of spiders, fear of enclosed spaces, fear of flying, fear of needles, fear of public speaking, fear of snakes, fear of social situations, fear of dogs, fear of thunder and lightning, fear of germs, fear of failure, fear of death, fear of bridges, fear of the dark, fear of crowds, fear of blood, fear of clowns, fear of being alone, and more.

    What is the #1 phobia?

    The number one phobia, often cited as the most common fear, is fear of public speaking, known as glossophobia. Many individuals experience anxiety and discomfort when speaking in front of an audience, making it the top phobia for many people.

    Chat on WhatsApp Call Infinity Learn

      Talk to our academic expert!


      Live ClassesBooksTest SeriesSelf Learning

      Verify OTP Code (required)

      I agree to the terms and conditions and privacy policy.