EnglishGrammarPlural Nouns

Plural Nouns

A plural noun means more than one of something, like people, places, things, or ideas. Usually, you add –s or –es to a word to make it plural. For instance, ‘dog’ becomes ‘dogs’ when talking about more than one. But some words don’t follow these rules and have their own special ways of becoming plural.

    Fill Out the Form for Expert Academic Guidance!


    Live ClassesBooksTest SeriesSelf Learning

    Verify OTP Code (required)

    I agree to the terms and conditions and privacy policy.

    Most words just need an –s added to become plural. Different words have different rules for making them plural. Words that don’t follow these rules are called irregular plurals, and you need to remember or check a dictionary to know how they change.

    Definition of a Plural Noun

    A plural noun is a word showing there’s more than one person, animal, place, thing, or idea. When you talk about many of something, it’s a plural noun. Usually, you add ‘s,’ ‘es,’ or ‘ies’ to make a word plural. There are a few exceptions, like ‘moose.’ One moose is ‘moose,’ and many moose are still called ‘moose.

    Difference Between Singular and plural nouns

    Singular Noun Plural Noun
    Refers to one person, thing, etc. Refers to more than one person, thing, etc.
    Typically, ends in ‘s,’ ‘x,’ ‘ch,’ ‘sh,’ or ‘o’ (with some exceptions) Often formed by adding ‘s,’ ‘es,’ or ‘ies’ to the singular form
    Example: cat, book, house Example: cats, books, houses
    Used with singular verbs Used with plural verbs

    Also Check: Singular Nouns

    Plural Noun Examples

    • Dog (singular) becomes Dogs (plural)
    • Cat (singular) becomes Cats (plural)
    • House (singular) becomes Houses (plural)
    • Book (singular) becomes Books (plural)
    • Car (singular) becomes Cars (plural)

    The Golden Rule of Using Plural Nouns in Sentences

    When you have more than one thing, change the verb to match it. This keeps the sentence right. For example, with many things, you use words like “are,” “were,” or “have been” with the verb to make it fit.

    The verbs forms used along with a plural noun include, are (simple present tense), were (simple past tense), are+verb+ing, were+verb+ing, have+past participle, have+been+past participle, will+have+verb+ing and will+have+past participle.


    • None of the students has completed their work. (Group of people)
    • All the rescued dogs have been returned to their natural habitats safely. (Group of different animals)
    • The textbooks and notebooks are kept on the shelves. (Objects)
    • All collages in the city are shut down due to the political protests carried out in and around the city.

    How to Change Singular Noun To Plural Noun

    To make a regular noun plural, you usually add an ‘s’, ‘es’, ‘ies’, ‘ves’, or change some letters. But some nouns stay the same in both singular and plural. Then there are irregular nouns—they don’t follow the usual rules. They become plural in different ways, like changing the word or adding something to it.


    Singular Form Plural Form
    Adding ‘s’
    Dog Dogs
    Pen Pens
    Chair Chairs
    Adding ‘es’
    Box Boxes
    Tax Taxes
    Bus Buses
    Adding ‘ves’ for nouns ending with an ‘f’ or ‘fe’
    Wolf Wolves
    Calf Calves
    Knife Knives
    Wife Wives
    Adding ‘es’ to nouns ending with an ‘o’
    Mango Mangoes
    Potato Potatoes
    Tomato Tomatoes
    Mosquito Mosquitoes
    Volcano Volcanoes
    Adding ‘ies’ to words ending with a ‘y’ preceded by a consonant
    City Cities
    Strawberry Strawberries
    Puppy Puppies
    Adding ‘s’ to words ending with a ‘y’ preceded by a vowel
    Ray Rays
    Toy Toys
    Boy Boys
    Changing ‘us’ to ‘i’
    Alumnus Alumni
    Syllabus Syllabi
    Cactus Cacti
    Fungus Fungi
    Nucleus Nuclei
    Changing ‘is’ to ‘es’
    Crisis Crises
    Analysis Analyses
    Diagnosis Diagnoses
    Thesis Theses
    Changing ‘on’ to ‘a’
    Criterion Criteria
    Phenomenon Phenomena
    Nouns with a common singular and plural form
    News News
    Scissors Scissors
    Furniture Furniture
    Deer Deer
    Fish Fish
    Police Police
    Sheep Sheep
    Irregular nouns
    Man Men
    Woman Women
    Ox Oxen
    Goose Geese
    Child Children
    Tooth Teeth
    Foot Feet
    Mouse Mice
    Plural form for hyphenated nouns and relationships
    Mother-in-law Mothers-in-law
    Father-in-law Fathers-in-law
    Brother-in-law Brothers-in-law
    Daughter-in-law Daughters-in-law
    Son-in-law Sons-in-law
    Grandmother Grandmothers
    Grandfather Grandfathers
    Grandson Grandsons
    Granddaughter Granddaughters
    Cousin Cousins
    Brother Brothers
    Sister Sisters
    Uncle Uncles
    Aunty Aunties
    Aunt Aunts

    Plural Nouns FAQs

    What is a plural noun with an example?

    A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Example: Apples is a plural noun because it refers to more than one apple.

    What are singular nouns?

    Singular nouns name just one person, place, thing, or idea. For instance, Cat is a singular noun as it refers to a single cat.

    What is a plural noun or pronoun?

    A plural noun or pronoun refers to more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Example: They is a plural pronoun indicating multiple people.

    What are 10 plural nouns?

    Examples of plural nouns include dogs, houses, books, pencils, cars, bottles, trees, tables, flowers, and computers.

    What is a plural noun example?

    An example of a plural noun is children, which refers to more than one child.

    Chat on WhatsApp Call Infinity Learn

      Talk to our academic expert!


      Live ClassesBooksTest SeriesSelf Learning

      Verify OTP Code (required)

      I agree to the terms and conditions and privacy policy.