EnglishGrammarSentence in English Grammar

Sentence in English Grammar

A bunch of words that usually has a verb and shows a thought in the form of a statement, question, direction, or exclamation.

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    A sentence stands as one of the most significant parts of any language. It’s the building block of communication. Beginning with a capital letter and concluding with a period, question mark, or exclamation mark, it forms the essence of our expressions.

    In simple terms, a sentence comprises words or a group of words structured in a way that makes sense. It conveys an idea, poses a question, makes a statement, or expresses feelings. Each sentence sticks to a specific structure to ensure it’s properly constructed. For a sentence to work well, it needs three main parts: someone or something doing an action, the action itself, and someone or something the action affects. This structure keeps our language organized and understandable.

    What is Sentence in English?

    A sentence in language is like a small package of words that tells a whole story or idea. It’s made up of two important parts: the main subject (who or what the sentence talks about) and the predicate (what the subject is doing or what’s happening). Think of it as a complete thought that follows the language’s rules.

    Now, a phrase is a bit different. It’s like a small group of words hanging out together, but it doesn’t tell the whole story by itself. It needs some more words or a bit of context to really make sense. Unlike a sentence, a phrase relies more on other words to finish its meaning.


    • I will get up at 8 AM.

    • Swati is playing in the snow.

    • Karan wants to eat Pasta for dinner.

    • Who are you meeting with today?

    Types of Sentence in English Grammar

    There are different kinds of sentences that show different feelings and ideas in different ways. These sentences are put into groups based on how they work and how they are made.

    When we classify sentences based on how they work, there are mainly four types that show what the sentence wants to do:

    Declarative Sentence: States something.
    Interrogative Sentence: Asks a question.
    Exclamatory Sentence: Shows strong feelings or emotions.
    Imperative Sentence: Gives a command or makes a request.

    When we classify sentences based on how they’re made, that is, how many parts they have, there are four types:

    Simple sentence: One complete thought.
    Compound Sentence: Two simple sentences joined together.
    Complex sentence: One simple sentence and one or more details that give extra information.
    Compound-Complex sentence: Two or more simple sentences joined with at least one detail giving extra information.

    Solved Example

    Q. She loves to dance.

    Ans. Declarative Sentences

    Q. Are you coming to the party?

    Ans. Interrogative Sentences

    Q. Please pass the salt.

    Ans. Imperative Sentences

    Q. What a beautiful sunset!

    Ans. Exclamatory Sentences

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