GK QuestionsBest 30 GK Questions and Answers on Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Best 30 GK Questions and Answers on Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

General knowledge (GK) Q&A about Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Question 1. Who was Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam?

Ans. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, full name Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, was an Indian scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was widely known as the “People’s President” and the “Missile Man of India.”

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    Question 2. What was Dr. Kalam’s background in science?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam was a prominent aerospace engineer and played a key role in India’s civilian space program and military missile development. He is particularly known for his work on the development of India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle and ballistic missile systems.

    Question 3. Which significant project is Dr. Kalam most associated with in India’s space program?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam is most associated with India’s successful “Pokhran-II” nuclear tests conducted in 1998, and the development of the Agni and Prithvi missiles, which were instrumental in enhancing India’s defense capabilities.

    Question 4. What is Dr. Kalam’s famous book that has inspired many young Indians?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam’s famous book is “Wings of Fire.” It is an autobiography that narrates his early life, childhood, and his journey from a small town in Tamil Nadu to becoming a prominent scientist and India’s President.

    Question 5. What awards and honors did Dr. Kalam receive during his lifetime?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam received several awards and honors, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, in 1997. He also received the Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan awards, among others.

    Question 6. What was Dr. Kalam’s vision for India’s youth?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam was a strong advocate for youth empowerment and believed in the potential of young Indians to bring about positive change. He encouraged them to dream big, set goals, and work hard to achieve them.

    Question 7. When and where was Dr. Kalam born?

    Ans. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, a small town in Tamil Nadu, India.

    Question 8. What was Dr. Kalam’s educational background?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam had a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology. He later pursued his Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from the Anna University.

    Question 9. What role did Dr. Kalam play in India’s space agency, ISRO?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam played a pivotal role in the development of India’s satellite launch vehicle program and was closely associated with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) during his career.

    Question 10. When did Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam passed away?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam passed away on July 27, 2015, while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong.

    Question 11. What is Dr. Kalam’s contribution to India’s space program as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam played a crucial role as the Chief Executive of the IGMDP, which led to the successful development and deployment of several indigenous missile systems, including Prithvi, Agni, Akash, and Trishul.

    Question 12. In addition to “Wings of Fire,” what are some of Dr. Kalam’s other notable books?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam authored several books, including “Ignited Minds,” “My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions,” and “India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium.”

    Question 13. What is the significance of Dr. Kalam’s 2020 Vision for India?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam’s “India 2020” vision outlined a roadmap for India’s development, emphasizing economic growth, technological advancement, and social development to make India a developed nation by the year 2020.

    Question 14. How did Dr. Kalam inspire students and youth during his post-presidential years?

    Ans. After his presidency, Dr. Kalam continued to engage with students and youth through lectures, interactions, and initiatives like the “What Can I Give Movement” to encourage the spirit of giving, innovation, and positive thinking.

    Question 15. What is the significance of Dr. Kalam’s nickname, the “Missile Man of India”?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam earned the nickname “Missile Man of India” for his pioneering work in the development of ballistic missile technology and his role in making India self-reliant in missile technology.

    Question 16. What major projects was Dr. Kalam involved in at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam contributed to the development of SLV (Satellite Launch Vehicle) and PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) at ISRO, which were crucial for launching satellites into space.

    Question 17. How did Dr. Kalam approach his role as President of India?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam was known for his approachable and down-to-earth nature as President. He emphasized interacting with students and youth, promoting education and research, and fostering innovation.

    Question 18. What is the Kalam-Raju Stent?

    Ans. The Kalam-Raju Stent is a medical device co-created by Dr. Kalam and Dr. Soma Raju. It is a coronary stent used to treat cardiac patients.

    Question 19. What is the Abdul Kalam Island, and what is its significance?

    Ans. Abdul Kalam Island, formerly known as Wheeler Island, is a missile testing facility in Odisha, India. It has been used for various strategic missile tests, furthering India’s defense capabilities.

    Question 20. What is the “Vision 2020” document associated with Dr. Kalam?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam’s “Vision 2020” document is a comprehensive plan for India’s development, covering various sectors such as agriculture, infrastructure, technology, and education with the aim of transforming India into a developed nation by the year 2020.

    Question 21. Which government program did Dr. Kalam initiate to make healthcare more accessible to rural areas?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam initiated the “PURA” (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) program to provide urban facilities and amenities to rural India, enhancing the quality of life in villages.

    Question 22. What is the significance of Dr. Kalam’s involvement in the development of the Rohini Satellite Series?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam played a significant role in the development of the Rohini Satellite Series, which contributed to India’s achievements in satellite technology and space exploration.

    Question 23. In addition to his scientific and political roles, what was Dr. Kalam’s role as a teacher and mentor?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam was an educator and mentor to numerous students, inspiring and guiding them to pursue careers in science and technology. He taught at various institutions, including the Anna University.

    Question 24. What was Dr. Kalam’s stance on nuclear disarmament?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam believed in a world free of nuclear weapons and was an advocate of nuclear disarmament. He often spoke about the need for global peace and security.

    Question 25. What are some of the awards and recognitions Dr. Kalam received from international organizations and countries?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam received international honors, such as the Hoover Medal from the U.S.A, the International von Kármán Wings Award, and the King Charles II Medal from the UK, in recognition of his contributions to science and technology.

    Question 26. What did Dr. Kalam emphasize in his speeches and interactions with the youth of India?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam emphasized the importance of dreams, determination, and hard work. He encouraged young people to aim high, be creative, and take risks to achieve their goals.

    Question 27. What is Dr. Kalam’s view on innovation and technology in India’s progress?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam believed that innovation and technology were the keys to India’s progress and that a technologically advanced nation could overcome challenges and lead the world.

    Question 28. How did Dr. Kalam’s upbringing influence his values and work?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam came from a humble background and grew up in a small town. His values of simplicity, humility, and hard work were deeply influenced by his upbringing and played a significant role in his success.

    Question 29. What is the significance of Dr. Kalam’s visit to Switzerland in 2005?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam’s visit to CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) in Switzerland was a landmark event, where he interacted with scientists and promoted scientific collaboration between India and CERN.

    Question 30. What is Dr. Kalam’s enduring message to the world?

    Ans. Dr. Kalam’s enduring message to the world is to dream big, work hard, and never stop learning. He believed that each individual had the potential to make a positive difference in the world.

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