CBSE Very Short Answer Question – Geography
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Forest and Wild Resources
Q.1. What is biodiversity ?
Ans. It is the sum of all the many types of plants, animals, and microorganisms that live on the planet.
Q.2. What is flora ?
Ans. Flora refers to the plants of a specific place or time period.
Q.3. What is fauna ?
Ans. The term “fauna” refers to animal species from a specific place or time period.
Q.4. “India is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of its vast array of biological diversity”. Justify.
Ans. India is home to roughly 8% of the world’s total number of species.
Q.5. What is IUCN ? [CBSE 2013]
Ans. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Q-6. What are normal species ? [CBSE.2014]
Ans. Normal species are those whose population levels are deemed to be adequate for their survival.
Q.7. What are endemic species?
Ans. Species which are found in some particular areas usually isolated by natural or geographical barriers.
Q.8. What are endangered species?
Ans. Endangered species are species that are on the verge of extinction.
Q.9. What are vulnerable species?
Ans. The species whose population has dropped to the point where, if negative influences continue to operate, it is likely to be classified as endangered in the near future.
Q-10. What are extinct species?
Ans. Species that have not been discovered despite extensive searches of known or potential habitats.
Q.11. Give two examples of rare species ?
Ans. (i) Wild Asiatic buffalo (ii) Hombill
Q.12. Categorise the following as endangered or vulnerable species- Asiatic elephant, Indian Rhino.
Ans. (i) Asiatic elephant – Vulnerable species.
(ii) Indian Rhino – Endangered species.
Q.13. Categorise the following as extinct or normal species- Pine, Asiatic Cheetah.
Ans. (i) Pine – Normal species
(ii) Asiatic Cheetah – Extinct species
Q.14. Categorise the following as endemic and endangered species- Lion tailed macaque, Nicobar Pigeon.
Ans. (i) Lion tailed macaque – Endangered.
(ii) Nicobar pigeon – Endemic.
Q.15. Mention any two factors responsible for depleting our forests and wildlife.
Ans. (i) Expansion of agriculture (ii) Mining
Q.16. Name the Tiger Reserve which is serioussly threatened by dolomite mining activity.
Ans. The Bauxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal.
Q.17. Mention a social impact of deforestation.
Ans. Women in many communities are primarily responsible for gathering firewood, fodder, water, and other fundamental sustenance needs. Women’s drudgery rises as these resources are depleted, and they may have to trek more than 10 kilometres to acquire these items.
Q.18. Mention any wildlife protection programme ?
Ans. The Indian Wildlife Act 1972.
Q.19. Mention any one step which was undertaken under Indian Wildlife Act to protect the wildlife.
Ans. Trade-in wildlife was declared illegal.
Q.20. What are permanent forests ?
Ans. Reserved and protected forests are known as permanent forests.
Q.21. Which state has the largest area under permanent forests ?
Ans. Madhya Pradesh.
Q.22. Name any two states which’ have large percentage of reserved forests of its forest area. [CBSE 2014]
Ans. Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh.
Q.23. Name any two states which have bulk of its forests area under protected forests.
Ans. Punjab and Haryana.
Q.24. Name any two states which have bulk of its forests area under unclassed forests.
Ans. Assam and Tripura.
Q.25. Name the place of state where people have fought against mining by citing the Wildlife Protection Act.
Ans. Sariska Tiger Reserve – Rajasthan.
Q.26. What is Chipko Movement ?
Ans. It was an anti-deforestation movement started by the inhabitants of the Himalayas.
Q.27. Name any two farmers/citizens group which have shown that adequate levels of diversified crop production without use of synthetic chemicals are possible and economically viable.
Ans. Beej Bachao Andolan and Navdanya
Q.28. What is JFM ?
Ans. JFM (Joint Forest Management) is a movement that aims to involve local communities in the management and restoration of degraded forests.
Q.29. Name the state which was first to pass the JFM resolution. [CBSE 2014]
Q-30. Name any four movements which were launched by local communities for the protection of forests or wildlife.
Ans. (a) Chipko Movement
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan
(c) Narmada Bachao Andolan
(d) Bhairodev Dakav Sonchuri