EnglishEnglish Workbook Class 9 Solutions Unit 5 Connectors

English Workbook Class 9 Solutions Unit 5 Connectors

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Read the English folktale given below and fill up the blank spaces with suitable words.

There were once three tortoises – a father, a mother (a) ________. a baby (b) ________ one fine morning during Spring, they decided (c) ________ picnic. They picked the place (d) ________ they would go; a nice wood at some distance, (e) ________ they began to put their things together. They got tins of cheese, vegetables, meat, and fruit preserves. In about three months, they were ready. They set out carrying their baskets (f) ________ eighteen months, they sat down for a rest. They knew (g) ________ they were already halfway to the picnic place.

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    In three years they reached there. They unpacked (h) ________ spread out the canned food. Then, mother began to search inside the basket. She turned it upside down and shook it (i) ________ something important was missing.

    “We’ve forgotten the tin-opener. Baby, you’ll have to go back. We can’t start without a tin-opener. We’ll wait for you”.

    “Do you promise (j) ________ you won’t touch a thing (k) ________ I come back?”
    “Yes, we promise faithfully,” Mother and father said together.
    Soon after, he was lost among the bushes.

    So, they waited and waited. A year went by and they were getting hungry. They had promised (l) ________ they waited. They began to feel hungry (m) ________ the sixth year was about to end.

    Mother tortoise said, “He’d never know the difference.”
    “No,” said the father tortoise.

    Mother tortoise said, “He ought to be back by now. Let’s just have one sandwich (n) ________ we are waiting.”

    They picked up the sandwiches, (o) ________ as they were going to eat them, a little voice said, “Aha! I knew you’d cheat! It’s a good thing I didn’t start for that tin opener,” baby Tortoise said.
    Answers:

    (a) and
    (b) On
    (c) that
    (d) where
    (e) and
    (f) after
    (g) that
    (h) and
    (i) as
    (j) that
    (k) until
    (l) so
    (m) when
    (n) while
    (o) but

    Question 1.1
    Based on your reading of the passage, complete the statements using the given connectors.

    (a) The mother, father ______ thought ______ (and)
    (b) They planned to walk to the woods ______ (which)
    (c) They reached the place ______ in eighteen months (which)
    (d) They eagerly unpacked their picnic basket ______ (but)
    (e) It was ______, when the three tortoises arrived at the picnic place, (after)
    (f) The mother tortoise ordered the baby to go home for the opener, saying ______ (that).
    (g) ______ (but) was not willing at first.
    (h) The mother and father promised to wait ______ (until)
    (i) ______ they began to get very hungry, (after)

    Note: You have combined and completed each sentence with the help of words called connectors.

    Answer:

    (а) and the baby tortoise … to go for a picnic
    (b) which were at some distance
    (c) which could be covered
    (d) but the mother began to search for something inside the basket
    (e) It was after three years, when …
    (f) that she would not touch a thing until he came back.
    (g) But Mother Tortoise
    (h) until the baby came
    (i) After six years.

    Question 1.2
    Notice that how the ideas are connected in the story. Write what the following words you just used in 1.1 imply by choosing suitable options from the box.

    • and:
    • but:
    • where:
    • while:
    • after:
    • until:
    • so :

    See the Workbook on page 67
    Answers:

    • and: connects similar actions, objects
    • but: denotes contrasts
    • where: connects similar actions, objects
    • while: connects similar actions, objects
    • after: denotes time
    • until: denotes time
    • so: connects similar actions, objects.

    See the Workbook on page 67

    The above given words are called connectors. Connectors do not simply join sentences together; they also show how ideas are related.
    There are many different ways of classifying connectors according to their meaning. We shall start with the ones you are already familiar with.

    Question 2.
    Classification

    Look at the table below, showing the different meanings of connectors. Put words from the box into the correct categories. Some have been done for you :

    English Workbook Class 9 Solutions Unit 5 Connectors Q2
    Answer:

    English Workbook Class 9 Solutions Unit 5 Connectors Q2.1

    Question 3.
    More complex Connectors

    Read through the following text. Pay special attention to the underlined words. These help the reader to understand the relationship between sentences, or the parts of sentences, clearly.

    Select as many appropriate words as possible from the list given below to replace the underlined words. Be careful not to change the basic meaning too much.

    English Workbook Class 9 Solutions Unit 5 Connectors Q3

    Martin’s Picture

    The margin wasn’t a very bright boy. Normally, he never came more than a second from the bottom in any test. But, that morning in the art lesson, he had drawn a beautiful picture of a scarecrow in a field of yellow corn. To his astonishment, the drawing was the only one given full marks – ten out of ten – which made him for the first time in his life the best in the class! He had proudly pinned the picture up on the wall behind his desk, where it could be admired by all. It seemed though, that not everyone admired it. Some unknown member of the class had taken a violent dislike to it.

    During the lunch break, when the classroom had been deserted, the picture had been torn off the wall. Moreover, it had been trodden or stamped on. As if that wasn’t enough, the words ‘ROTTEN RUBBISH’ had been written on the back in big round letters. And finally, the paper was so creased that it looked as though it had been screwed up into a tight ball and perhaps thrown about the room.

    “Who could have done it?” Martin wondered.
    Now rewrite the text.

    Martin’s picture

    Martin wasn’t a very bright boy.
    Usually,
    Generally
    As a rule, He never came more than second from the bottom in any test.
    However,…. ______________________
    Answer:
    Martin’s Picture

    Martin wasn’t a very bright boy. Generally, he never came more than second from the bottom in any test. However/, All the same, that morning in the art lesson, he had drawn a beautiful picture of a scarecrow in a field of yellow corn. To his amazement/To his surprise, the drawing was the only one given full marks—ten out of ten—which made him for the first time in his life the best in the class! He had proudly pinned the picture up on the wall behind his desk, where it could be admired by all. It seemed although! even though/however, that not everyone admired it. Some unknown member of the class had taken a violent dislike to it.

    During the lunch break, when the classroom had been deserted, the picture had been torn off the wall. Besides, it had been trodden or stamped on. As a matter of fact ln fact/Nevertheless, the words ‘ROTTEN RUBBISH’ had been written on the back in big round letters. Lastly, the paper was so creased that it looked as though it had been screwed up into a tight ball and perhaps thrown about the room.

    “Who could have done it ?” Martin was wondering.

    Question 4.
    What comes next

    Connectors are indicators or markers of what comes next in a text.

    Look at these extracts from longer texts. Decide which marker/connector could be used in the blanks to indicate what comes next. e.g.

    There are many good players on the cricket team: for instance, Tendulkar and Dhoni.

    1. There are two main types of elephant in the world: ___________, the Indian and the African.
    2. He is good at swimming, tennis, and hockey. ___________, he has also represented the school in cricket.
    3. Many environmentalists strongly object to the mill being built at Srutipur, ___________ the unemployed are very happy at the proposal.
    4. Her performance in the Olympics did not match our expectations. ___________, she hasn’t improved much in the recent past.
    5. … In the field of research the computer, has proved immensely useful. ___________, it has become an indispensable tool for all kinds of scientific endeavour.
    6. The import of petrol has been banned in the Midlands. ___________, the price of it has gone up.

    Answer:

    1. namely
    2. Furthermore/Moreover
    3. whereas
    4. Anyhow/obviously
    5. To conclude/Hence
    6. Consequently/Therefore

    Question 5.
    Look at the text below. The sentences have been jumbled up. Write them in order out to produce a complete paragraph. The first sentence has been given to help you.

    (a) To conclude, like many things in life it is up to the individual to use TV wisely or to abuse it and become its slave.
    (b) By contrast, those who attack TV state that it makes people lazy by doing everything for them.
    (c) Television is here to stay.
    (d) In other words, it stifles rather than stimulates the imagination.
    (e) Defenders of TV say that it is a wonderful source of information about things we can never hope to see or do in person.
    (f) Moreover, they say it makes topics interesting which would otherwise be boring and difficult in books.
    (g) However, is it a boon or a curse?
    (h) In fact, it has become an indispensable part of our lives.

    Television is here to stay. _______________________
    What helped you to put the sentence back in the correct order?
    Answer:
    Television is here to stay. It has become an indispensable part of our lives. However, is it a boon or a curse? Defenders of TV say that it is a wonderful source of information about things we can never hope to see or do in person. Moreover, they say it makes topics interesting which would otherwise be boring and difficult in books. By contrast, those who attack TV state that it makes people lazy by doing everything for them. In other words, it stifles rather than stimulates the imagination. To conclude, like many things in life it is up to the individual to use TV wisely or to abuse it and become its slave.

    What helped you to put the sentences back in the correct order?
    Answer:
    The use of various connectors has helped me to put the sentences in the correct order.

    Question 6.
    Understanding the connectors

    English Workbook Class 9 Solutions Unit 5 Connectors Q6

     

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