EnglishEssayEssay on Labour Day for Children and Students

Essay on Labour Day for Children and Students

Labour Day is celebrated on the 1st of May in many countries including India, Ghana, Libya, Nigeria, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Iran and Jordan to name a few. The day is dedicated to the labourers and workers.

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    Labourers around the world toil hard to make a living. A special day has been dedicated to celebrate their hard work and determination. In most countries 1st of May has been marked as the Labour Day.

    Long and Short Essay on Labour Day in English

    Here are essays on Labour Day of varying lengths to help you with the topic in the exam. You can select any Labour Day essay as per your need:

    Labour Day Essay 1 (200 words)

    Labour Day is celebrated in various countries around the world. This is one day that is exclusively dedicated to the labour class. However, unlike various other days we celebrate, this one did not originate that easily.

    It all began with the rise in industrialization. The industrialists exploited the labour class. They derived a lot of work from them but paid them meagrely. Labourers were made to work for 10-15 hours a day in tough conditions. Those who worked in chemical factories, mines and other similar places suffered all the more. Many of them fell ill and many others lost their lives working under such circumstances for long hours.

    Finally, they took the courage to stand united and raise their voice against this tyranny. Around that time, forming trade unions and going on strike was also considered illegal in many countries. However, even as it meant risking their job, many labourers came forward to protest against the injustice they were going through. Trade unions were formed and labourers went on strike. They also carried out rallies and protests. Eventually, the government heard their plea and the working hours were reduced to 8 hours. A special day to celebrate the efforts of this class was also set. The date of Labour Day varies from country to country.

    Also Read: GK Questions on Labour Day

    Labour Day Essay 2 (300 words)


    Labour Day is set to celebrate the hard work and achievements of the labour class. It is celebrated on different days in different countries. However, in most of the countries the day occurs on the 1st of May that happens to be International Workers’ Day.

    The Origin of Labour Day

    The condition of the labourers was very poor in the earlier times. They were required to toil hard and work for up to 15 hours a day. They suffered injuries and faced other horrible problems at their workplace. Despite the hard work put in by them, these people were paid meagre wages. The increasing number of health problems incurred by these people due to the long working hours and lack of good sources to get those problems cured led to the labour unions raising voice against this system.

    Agitated labourers formed unions that fought for their rights for quite a while. Following this, the 8-hour work shift was set for the labourers and working class people. This is also referred to as the eight hour day movement. As per this, a person should work only for eight hours. He must get eight hours for recreation and eight hours for rest. Labour Day has its origin in this movement.

    Though the history and origin of Labour Day differs in different countries however the main reason behind it remains the same and that is unfair treatment of the labour class. It was quite unfortunate that the class of people that contributed immensely towards the infrastructural development of the country was treated poorly. Various movements took place against this in different parts of the world and this day finally came into being.


    The labour class is indeed the one that requires indulging in various laborious tasks. A special day to appreciate and recognize their contribution towards the society is certainly well-deserved.

    Labour Day Essay 3 (400 words)


    Labour Day, a special day dedicated to the labourers and working class people, is a public holiday in most of the countries. It is celebrated on the 1st of May in more than 80 countries. Canada and United States observe it on the 1st Monday of September. Many countries have their own dates to celebrate this date. However, the reason for the celebration remains the same and that is to celebrate the hard work of the labour class.

    Labour Day in India – History and Origin

    Labour Day in India was first celebrated on 1st May 1923. This celebration was held in the Indian state of Madras by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan. On this day, Comrade Singaravelar organised two meetings at different places in the state. One of these was organised at Triplicane Beach and the other one was arranged at the beach opposite Madras High Court. He passed a resolution stating government must announce a national holiday on this day.

    Labour Day in Different Indian States

    In India, Labour Day is known by the name Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas or Kamgar Din. However, different states in the country call it by different names. In Tamil it is known as Uzhaipalar Dhinam, in Malayalam it is known as Thozhilaali Dinam and in Kannada it is referred to as Karmikara Dinacharane.

    1st May in the state of Maharashtra is also celebrated as Maharashtra Day and in Gujarat it is celebrated as Gujarat Day. This is because in the year 1960 on this very date, Maharashtra and Gujarat attained statehood.

    Labour Day in India – Celebration

    Just as in various other parts of the world, Labour Day is a day of celebration for the people belonging to the labour class in India too. On this day, protests are carried out against any unjust practice being followed against the labourers by any organization. Processions are also carried out to demonstrate that the labourers stand united and will not tolerate any unreasonable demand by the capitalists. Speeches are delivered by prominent leaders to promote unity amid the labourers. Labour unions also conduct picnics and other recreational activities.


    The origin of Labour Day exemplifies how nothing is impossible if we stand united. Trade unions were formed and they stood strong against the unjust treatment of the labourers. Though, the exploitation of the labour class by the Capitalists was always evident no one took action against it. The joint efforts of the trade unions forced the government to make laws favouring the labourers.

    Labour Day Essay 4 (500 words)


    Labour Day, as the name suggests, is celebrated to honour the hard work done by the labourers as well as to honour those who went out of their way to fight for the rights of the labourers. The day is celebrated on the 1st of May each year in most of the countries including India.

    Labour Day Celebration –Then and Now

    Labourers were given their due rights after a lot of struggle. Those who toiled hard recognized its importance much more. The day held a special significance for them. Thus, in most of the countries, Labour Day celebration initially included paying honour to the union leaders who took the lead as well as inspired others to fight for their rights. Speeches were made by prominent leaders and labourers spent time together, making merry.

    Trade unions conducted special lunches and dinners or organized picnics and outings for their team of labourers. Campaigns and parades were carried out to celebrate the worker’s rights. Fireworks were also done.

    While campaigns and parades are still carried out on this day by trade unions in many organizations and group lunches and picnics are also organised, many people these days just see this day as an opportunity to relax and rejuvenate. They spend time completing their pending household tasks or go out with their friends and family.

    In countries such as Canada and United States where Labour Day is celebrated on the 1st Monday of September, people enjoy long weekend. They usually plan family outings or go out with friends. It offers them the much needed respite from the daily grind. People look forward to it as a holiday time. Speeches are also delivered to promote unity among workers.

    In countries like Canada, Labour Day Classic matches are organized to rejoice this day. Many people go to watch these matches live while others simply laze around in their house watching its live telecast.

    In United States, retailers put up sale during this time. The sale of products boosts a great deal around this time. It is said that people shop a lot during this time. Sales done at this time come next only to the sales done around the Christmas time. People particularly indulge in back-to-school shopping at this time.

    Countries that Celebrate Labour Day

    Many countries around the world celebrate Labour Day. Some of these include Australia, Bangladesh, Bahamas, Canada, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, New Zealand, Trinidad and Tobago, Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Ghana, Libya, Somalia, Nigeria, Tunisia, Uganda and Morocco.

    The date of celebration in these countries varies. In Australia it varies within the country. While some parts of Australia celebrate it in October, others celebrate the day in March while yet others celebrate it in May. Bangladesh celebrates the day in April while Bahamas celebrates it in June. However, most of the countries celebrate Labour Day on the 1st of May.


    The history and origin of Labour Day varies from country to country. Labourers and trade unions in different countries underwent a lot of struggle. Protests were done and rallies were carried out. It took a long time for the government to make laws against the unjust treatment of the labour class by the industrialists. A special day to celebrate the efforts put in by the labourers was subsequently recognized.

    Labour Day Essay 5 (600 words)


    Labour Day is a special day dedicated to the labour class to recognize their hard work and efforts. It is celebrated across the globe in various countries. In most of the countries it is celebrated on the 1st of May that happens to be the International Workers’ Day. The history and origin of Labour Day differs in different countries.

    Labour Day – The Origin of the Idea

    With the growth of industrialization in Canada towards the end of the 19th century, the labour class became loaded with work. Their number of working hours and the amount of work increased drastically while their wages continued to be meagre. They were exploited to the core and this exploitation caused a lot of distress among them. Many of them fell ill due to the constant work load and many even lost their life owing to this reason. In order to raise their voice against this injustice, labourers from different parts of the country joined hands. They carried out various movements against the tyranny of the capitalist class.

    Labour Day in Canada

    In Canada, the Labour Day is celebrated on the first Monday of September. The labour class in the country was given its rightful rights after a lot of struggle. A number of movements were carried out in this direction by the labour unions.

    It was the Toronto Printers Union that demanded lesser working hours in early 1870s. In March 1872, they went on strike to get their demands fulfilled. They also conducted demonstrations for the rights of the workers. The printing industry in the country suffered immense loss due to this strike. Trade unions were formed in other industries too and soon they all came together to raise their voice against the industrialists.

    Around 24 leaders were arrested for instigating people to go on strike. Going on strike was an offence at that time. The law did not even allow the formation of trade unions. However, the protests continued and they were soon released. Few months later, similar parade was organised in Ottawa. This forced the government to revise the law against the trade unions. Canadian Labour Congress was eventually formed.

    Labour Day in United States

    During the late 19th century, the trade unions in the United States suggested a special day to mark the contribution of the labour class towards the society.

    The growing exploitation of the labour class in the United States led to the Central Labour Union and Knights of Labours joining hands. Together, they led the first parade that marked a significant movement against the industrialists who were exploiting the labourers by paying them meagre wages and forcing them to work for long hours. The first parade was held in New York City. Workers from various organizations participated in it to stand for the cause. Their demands were eventually heard.

    In the year 1887, Labour Day was observed as a public holiday for the first time in Oregon. By 1894 as many as 30 states in United States began celebrating Labour Day. The day is celebrated to honour the American Labour Movement.

    Alternatively, it is said that it was Peter J. McGuire from the American Federation of Labour who first suggested that a special day must be dedicated to the labourers. He came up with the proposal in May 1882 after having seen the annual labour festival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

    Just as in Canada, Labour Day in the United States is also celebrated on the 1st Monday of September each year.


    Labour Day is a time to relax and rejuvenate. It is also the time to honour those who fought for the rights of the labourers and brought about reforms. It is only because of the few people who came forward and encouraged others to do so too that the labourers were given their lawful rights.

    Check Other Important Topics on Labour Day:

    Speech on Labour Day

    International Labour Day

    Slogans on Labour Day

    Paragraph on Child Labour

    Article on Child Labour

    Frequently Asked Questions on Labour Day

    Is Labour Day a public holiday in USA?

    Labour Day is indeed a public holiday in the USA. Celebrated on the first Monday of September, it honors the American labor movement and the contributions workers have made to the country's development and prosperity.

    Why is May 1 Labor Day?

    May 1, known as International Workers' Day or simply Labor Day, commemorates the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago, which was a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour workday. The date is recognized globally to honor workers and their rights.

    Is Labour Day a holiday in India?

    Yes, Labour Day, often referred to as May Day in India, is a public holiday. Celebrated on May 1st, it honors the contributions of workers and acknowledges their rights.

    What is May Day vs Labor Day?

    May Day and Labor Day both celebrate workers and their contributions. While May Day (May 1st) is internationally recognized and is associated with historical labor movements, Labor Day in the USA is celebrated on the first Monday of September and is more of a national observance.

    Why is it called Labour Day?

    It's called Labour Day to honor and recognize the labor movement and the works and contributions of laborers to society. The day celebrates the spirit of the working class and their rights.

    Who invented Labour Day in India?

    Labour Day or May Day in India is inspired by the international labor movement. It wasn't invented by a single individual in India but was adopted to honor workers and their contributions to the nation.

    Who declared Labour Day?

    Labour Day's origins trace back to the labor union movement in the USA. While multiple figures contributed to its inception, it was Oregon that first declared it an official public holiday in 1887. The idea spread, and now it's observed in many countries globally.

    Who invented Labour Day?

    Labour Day's inception is credited to the labor union movement, especially the eight-hour day movement, which advocated for eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. Peter J. McGuire, a carpenter and labor union leader, is often credited with proposing a day to honor workers in the USA.

    What is the famous Labor Day quotes?

    While there are many famous quotes associated with Labor Day, one notable quote is: Without labor, nothing prospers. This quote by Sophocles underscores the importance and value of the working class in building and sustaining civilizations.

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