EnglishEssaySwachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay – Clean India Mission Essay

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay – Clean India Mission Essay

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay: The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014. It was an initiative taken to fulfill the dream of Mahatma Gandhi to make India clean and green. The campaign was launched on the 145th birth anniversary of the leader. The mission was to motivate and mobilize the people of India to take up cleanliness as a way of life. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched keeping in mind the principle of ‘Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas’. The campaign has been successful in creating awareness about cleanliness and sanitation among the people of India. It has also helped in improving the infrastructure for sanitation and solid waste management in the country.

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    Long and Short Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan with Headings in English

    It is a general topic that students are generally given in their schools to write or say something on Swachh Bharat or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

    Below are some written essays on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to make your kids participate in the essay writing competition.

    You can select any Swachh Bharat Abhiyan essay given below:

    Short Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 100 words

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is also called the Clean India Mission, Clean India drive, or Swachh Bharat Campaign. It is a national-level campaign run by the Indian Government to cover all the backward statutory towns to make them clean. This campaign involves the construction of latrines, promoting sanitation programs in the rural areas, cleaning streets and roads, and changing the country’s infrastructure to lead the country ahead. This campaign was officially launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the 145th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi.

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 150 words

    ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ or ‘Clean India Mission is an initiative the Government of India led to make India a clean India. This campaign was launched officially by the Government of India on the 145th birth anniversary of the great person Mahatma Gandhi on 2nd October 2014. It was launched at the Rajghat, New Delhi (the cremation ground of Mahatma Gandhi). Through this campaign, the Government of India has aimed to make India a clean India by 2nd October 2019 (which means the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi).

    It is a politics-free campaign inspired by patriotism. It is launched as a responsibility of every Indian citizen to make this country a Swachh country. This campaign has initiated people globally towards cleanliness. Teachers and students of schools are joining this ‘Clean India Campaign’ very actively with great fervor and joy. Under this campaign, another cleanliness initiative was started by UP CM Yogi Adityanath in March 2017. He has banned chewing paan, gutka, and other tobacco products in government offices all over UP.

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 200 words

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi as a nationwide cleanliness campaign. It is implemented to fulfill the vision and Mission of clean India one day. It was launched especially on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi as he always dreamed and was keen to make this country a clean one. He had tried to clean India during his time by motivating people through his campaigns and slogans; however, it was only partially successful because of the limited involvement of the people of India.

    But after so many years, Swachh Bharat Mission was again started by the Government of India to make the dream of a clean India come true till the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It was started in 2014 on 2nd October on the 145th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It is a big challenge for all the citizens of India. It is only possible if everyone in India understands this campaign and their responsibility and tries to join hands to make it a successful mission.

    Many famous Indian personalities promote Mission to spread this Mission as an awareness program throughout the country. To ensure cleanliness, UP CM, Yogi Adityanath, has banned chewing of paan, gutka, and other tobacco products in the government offices across the state since March 2017.

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 250 words

    Swachh Bharat Mission or Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a campaign run by the Government of India as a massive mass movement to initiate the theme of cleanliness throughout India. This campaign was launched in seeking a way to create a ‘Clean India’ target by 2019, 2nd October, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

    Importance of this Initiative

    The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, had always dreamed of making India a clean India and always put his hard efforts toward cleanliness in India. This is why Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2nd October (the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi). To complete the vision of the father of the nation, the Indian Government has decided to launch this campaign. In March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath also banned chewing paan and gutka from ensuring cleanliness in UP government offices.

    The Mission aims to cover all the rural and urban areas to present this country as an ideal country before the world. The Mission has targeted aims like eliminating open defecation, converting unsanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, and complete disposal and reuse of solid and liquid wastes.


    The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to bring behavioral changes in people and motivate health practices, spread cleanliness awareness among people, and strengthen the cleanliness systems in all areas. It helps create a user-friendly environment for all private sectors interested in investing in India for cleanliness maintenance. This Mission has an interesting theme of inviting nine new people by each person involved in the campaign and continuing this chain until every citizen of India gets involved in this campaign.

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 300 words

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a nationwide cleanliness campaign run by the Government of India and initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 2nd October 2014, on the 145th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

    This campaign has been launched to fulfill the aim of cleanliness all over India. The Prime Minister has requested the people of India to involve in the Swachh Bharat Mission and promote others to do the same to lead our country as the best and clean country in the world. This campaign was initiated by Narendra Modi himself by cleaning the road on the way going to launch the campaign.

    What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

    The campaign of Swachh Bharat is the biggest ever cleanliness drive in India, during the launch of which around 3 million government employees and students from schools and colleges participated.

    On the day of launch, Prime Minister nominated the names of nine famous personalities of India to initiate the campaign in their areas at their decided dates and promote the campaign to the common public. He also requested all nine personalities to invite nine other people from their end to participate in this event individually and to continue this chain of inviting nine people until the message reaches every Indian citizen.

    How it is Observed

    People across the nation clean their locality and pledge to keep their surroundings clean and green. Prime Minister requested that every Indian take this campaign as a challenge and try their best to make it a successful campaign ever. The chain of nine people is like a branching of a tree. He requested common people to involve in this event and upload videos or images of cleanliness over the internet via various social media websites like Facebook, Twitter, etc., so that others can also get motivated to do the same in their area. In this way, India can be a clean country.

    In the continuation of this Mission, in March 2017, UP CM Yogi Adityanath banned chewing paan, gutka, and other tobacco products to ensure cleanliness in government buildings.


    The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan leaves no stones unturned in providing and improving the country’s cleanliness and sanitation facilities. The effect of the Mission has already started showing its result in almost all the parts with the active involvement of people from all walks of life. If the same pace continues in making the country clean and green, then the dream of Mahatma Gandhi will come true on his 150th birth anniversary in 2019.

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 400 words

    The father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, had once said that “Sanitation is more important than Independence” during his time before the independence of India. He was well aware of the bad and unclean situation of India. He greatly emphasized cleanliness and sanitation to the people of India and their implementation in their daily lives. However, it was not so effective and was unsuccessful because of the incomplete participation of people. After so many years of independence, a most effective clean-up campaign is launched to call people for active participation and complete the cleanliness mission.

    Launch of Swachh Bharat Campaign

    The Former President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, said in June 2014, while addressing the Parliament, “For ensuring hygiene, waste management, and sanitation across the nation, a Swachh Bharat Mission will be launched. This will be our tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary in 2019”. To fulfill the vision of Mahatma Gandhi and make India an ideal country in the world, the Prime Minister of India initiated a campaign called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi (2nd October 2014). This campaign aims to complete the Mission by 2019, i.e., the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

    Importance of Swachh Bharat Campaign

    Through this campaign, the Government of India solves the sanitation problems by enhancing waste management techniques. The clean India movement is completely associated with the country’s economic strength. The birth date of Mahatma Gandhi is targeted in both the launch and the completion of the Mission.

    The basic goals behind launching the Swachh Bharat Mission are to make the country full of sanitation facilities and eliminate all people’s unhealthy practices in daily routines. The first cleanliness drive in India was started on 25th September 2014 and was initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi by cleaning up the road.

    Benefits of the Swachh Bharat Campaign

    The completion of this Mission would indirectly draw the attention of business investors in India, enhance the GDP growth, draw tourists’ attention from all over the world, bring a variety of sources of employment, reduce health costs, reduce the death rate, and reduce lethal disease rate and many more. Clean India would bring more tourists and enhance its economic condition. The Prime Minister of India has requested that every Indian devote 100 hours per year to cleanliness in India, which is sufficient to make this country clean by 2019. Swachh Bharat cess is also started to get some funds for this campaign. Everyone has to pay an extra 0.5% tax (50 paise per 100 rupees) on all the services in India.

    UP CM Yogi Adityanath also started a cleanliness drive in 2017 in Uttar Pradesh to ensure cleanliness in the official buildings. He has banned eating paan, gutka, and other tobacco products in government offices.


    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the most important initiatives taken by the Government to make India shine in the world. But what it requires the most is the active participation of every individual irrespective of caste, creed, or religion. If we want our country to be respected and revered in the world, we should devote ourselves to this campaign by contributing to the cause and spreading awareness of the Swachh Bharat Mission. Then only the dream of Mahatma Gandhi could be achieved in a real sense.

    Long Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan from 500 – 1400 words

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay 500 words

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a Clean India drive and Mission launched as a national campaign by the Indian Government to cover the 4041 statutory towns aiming to maintain the cleanliness of the country’s streets, roads, and infrastructure.

    Who Launched this Initiative

    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi officially launched this Mission on 2nd October (the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi) in 2014 at the Rajghat, New Delhi (cremation ground of Bapu). While launching the event Prime Minister himself cleaned the road. It is the biggest cleanliness drive ever in India, where approximately 3 million government employees, including students from schools and colleges, took part in the cleanliness activities.

    On the day of the event launch, PM nominated nine people to participate in the cleanliness drive in their areas. Schools and colleges participated in the event by organizing many cleanliness activities according to their themes. Students of India participated in this event with full zeal and zest.

    PM also requested all those nine nominees to nominate another nine people separately to participate in this cleanliness drive. The aim is to continue the chain of nominating nine people by every participating candidate for the Mission until the message reaches every Indian in every corner of the country to make it a national mission.

    Objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission

    The Mission aims to connect every individual from all walks of life by making the structure of branching of a tree. Swachh Bharat mission aims to construct individual sanitary latrines for household purposes, especially for the people living below the poverty line, convert dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines, providing facility of hand pumps, safe and secure bathing facilities, set up sanitary marts, construct drains, proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, enhancing health and education awareness, providing household and environmental sanitation facilities and many more.

    Earlier, many awareness programs (such as the Total Sanitation Campaign, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan, etc.) about environmental sanitation and personal cleanliness were launched by the Indian Government; however, they were not very effective in making India a clean India.

    The major objectives of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan are removing the trend of open defecation, changing insanitary toilets into pour flush toilets, removal of manual scavenging, proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, bringing behavioral changes among people, enhancing awareness about sanitation, facilitating the participation of private sectors towards cleanliness facilities.

    People Nominated for the Swachh Bharat Campaign

    The first nine nominated people by the Prime Minister for this campaign were Salman Khan, Anil Ambani, Kamal Hassan, comedian Kapil Sharma, Priyanka Chopra, Baba Ramdev, Sachin Tendulkar, Shashi Tharoor, and a team of ‘Taarak Mehta Ka Ooltah Chashmah’ (a most famous TV series). Indian film actor Aamir Khan was invited to the launch of the Mission. The PM chose various brand ambassadors to initiate and promote the campaign of Swachh Bharat in various fields.

    He also nominated some other dignitaries like Akhilesh Yadav, Swami Rambhadracharya, Mohammad Kaif, Manoj Tiwari, Deviprasad Dwivedi, Manu Sharma, Kailash Kher, Raju Srivastava, Suresh Raina, etc. on 8th November in 2014 and Sourav Ganguly, Kiran Bedi, Padmanabha Acharya, Sonal Mansingh, Ramoji Rao, etc. on 25th December in 2014.

    Effects of Swachh Bharat Mission

    There were many positive results of the campaign. Many other programs like Swachh Bharat Run, Swachh Bharat apps, Real-time monitoring system, Swachh Bharat short film, and Swachh Bharat Nepal – Swasth Bharat Nepal Abhiyan were initiated and implemented to support the purpose of the Mission actively.

    To ensure cleanliness in the official buildings of UP, chewing of paan, gutka, and other tobacco products was banned entirely by the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. To continue and make this campaign successful, the Finance Ministry of India has started a program named Swachh Bharat cess, according to which everyone has to pay 0.5% tax on all the services in India (i.e., 50 paise per 100 rupees), which will fund this cleanliness campaign.


    ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ or the ‘Clean India Mission’ should not only be the Government or the ministries; it is the responsibility of every citizen residing in the country. Achieving the goal of a clean India will never be possible until and unless we collaborate and join hands to clean our surroundings and stop others from making them dirty.

    The participation and involvement of people in this campaign were huge. Also, they started showing positive results in recent times, but the most important thing is the continuation of this process. Let us pledge to continue doing our bit to make our surroundings and environment clean and green and make our country respected in the world.

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Essay in 1400 words

    The Government starts Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to make India an immaculate India. Clean India was a dream seen by Mahatma Gandhi, who once said, “Sanitation is more important than Independence.” During his time, he was well aware of the poor and dirty conditions of the country; that’s why he made various efforts to complete his dream; however, he could not succeed.

    As he dreamt of a clean India one day, he said that cleanliness and sanitation are integral parts of healthy and peaceful living. Unfortunately, India is still lagging in cleanliness and sanitation even after 71 years of independence. According to the statistics, it has been seen that a very less percentage of the total population has access to toilets. It is a program run by the Government to seriously work to fulfill the vision of Father of Nation (Bapu) by calling people from all walks of life to make it a successful campaign globally.

    This Mission has to be completed by the 150th birth anniversary of Bapu (i.e., 2nd October of 2019) in the next five years (from the launch date). It is urged by the Government to spend at least 100 hours a year on cleanliness in their surrounding areas or other places of India to make it a successful campaign. There are various implementation policies and mechanisms for the program, including three important phases the planning phase, the implementation phase, and the sustainability phase.

    What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

    Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a national cleanliness campaign established by the Government of India. This campaign covers 4041 statutory towns to clean India’s roads, streets, and infrastructure. It is a mass movement to create a Clean India by 2019. It is a step ahead of Mahatma Gandhi’s dream of swachh Bharat for a healthy and prosperous life.

    This Mission was launched on 2nd October 2014 (the 145th birth anniversary of Bapu) by targeting its completeness in 2019 on the 150th birth anniversary of Bapu. The Mission has been implemented to cover all the rural and urban areas of India under the Ministry of Urban Development and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation accordingly.

    The first cleanliness drive (on 25th September 2014) of this Mission was started by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, before its launch. This Mission has targeted solving the sanitation problems and better waste management all over India by creating sanitation facilities for all.

    Need for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

    Swachh Bharat’s Mission must run continuously in India until it achieves its goal. India’s people need physical, mental, social, and intellectual well-being. It is to advance the living status in India in real means, which can be started by bringing all over cleanliness. Below I have mentioned some points proving the urgent need for ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ in India:

    1. It is essential to eliminate open defecation in India and make toilets available to everyone.
    2. It is needed in India to convert the insanitary toilets into flushing toilets.
    3. It is necessary to eradicate the manual scavenging system.
    4. It is to implement the proper waste management through the scientific processes, hygienic disposal, reuse, and recycling of the municipal solid wastes.
    5. It brings behavioral changes among Indian people regarding maintaining personal hygiene and practicing healthy sanitation.
    6. It creates global awareness among the common masses living in rural areas and links it to public health.
    7. It supports working bodies to design, execute and operate the waste disposal systems locally.
    8. It is to bring private-sector participation to develop sanitary facilities throughout India.
    9. It is to make India a clean and green India.
    10. Improving the quality of life of people in rural areas is necessary.
    11. It is to bring sustainable sanitation practices by motivating communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions through the awareness programs like health education.
    12. It is to bring the dream of Bapu come true.

    Swachh Bharat Mission in Urban Areas

    The Swachh Bharat Mission of urban areas aims to cover almost 1.04 crore households to provide them with 2.6 lakhs of public toilets and 2.5 lakhs community toilets and solid waste management in every town. Community toilets have been planned to be built in the residential areas where the availability of individual household toilets is difficult and public toilets at designated locations including bus stations, tourist places, railway stations, markets, etc.

    Cleanliness programs in the urban areas (around 4,401 towns) have been planned to be completed over five years till 2019. The costs of programs are set at Rs. 7,366 crores for solid waste management, Rs. 1,828 crores for public awareness, Rs. 655 crores for community toilets, and Rs. 4,165 crores for individual household toilets, etc.

    Programs targeted to remove open defecation, convert unsanitary toilets into flush toilets, eradicating manual scavenging, bring behavioral changes among the public, and solid waste management.

    Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission

    Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission is a mission implementing cleanliness programs in rural areas. Earlier, the Government of India established the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (also called Total Sanitation campaign, TSC) in 1999 to make rural areas clean; however, now it has been restructured into the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).

    This campaign aims to free rural areas from open defecation until 2019. The estimated cost is one lakh thirty four thousand crore rupees for constructing approximately 11 crores and 11 lakh toilets in the country. There is a big plan to convert waste into bio-fertilizer and useful energy forms. This Mission involves the participation of gram panchayat, panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad. Following are the objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin):

    1. To improve the quality of life of people living in the rural areas.
    2. Motivate people to maintain sanitation in rural areas to complete the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2019.
    3. To motivate local working bodies (such as communities, Panchayati Raj Institutions, etc.) to make available the required sustainable sanitation facilities.
    4. Develop advanced environmental sanitation systems manageable by the community, especially to focus on solid and liquid waste management in rural areas.
    5. To promote ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation in rural areas.

    Swachh Bharat-Swachh Vidyalaya Campaign

    The Swachh Bharat Swachh Vidyalaya campaign is run by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development having the objective of cleanliness in the schools. A major program was organized under it from 25th September 2014 to 31st October 2014 in the Kendriya Vidyalayas and Navodaya Vidyalya Sangathan.

    Lots of cleanliness activities were held, such as discussions over various cleanliness aspects in the school assembly by the students, teachings of Mahatma Gandhi related to cleanliness, cleanliness and hygiene topics, cleaning activities (in the classrooms, libraries, laboratories, kitchen sheds, stores, playgrounds, gardens, toilets, pantry areas, etc.).

    The cleaning of statues in the school area, speech about the contribution of great people, essay writing competitions, debates, art, painting, film, shows, role plays related to hygiene including other many activities on cleanliness and hygiene were also conducted. It was also planned to hold a half an hour cleaning campaign in the schools twice a week involving cleanliness activities by the teachers, students, parents, and community members.

    Swachh Bharat Cess

    Swachh Bharat cess is an improvement in the service tax by 0.5% on all the services in India. The Finance Ministry started it to collect some funds from every Indian citizen for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to make it a huge success. Everyone has to pay extra 50 paise for every 100 rupees spent as service tax for this cleanliness campaign.

    Another Cleanliness Initiative in Uttar Pradesh

    Yogi Adityanath (Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh), in March 2017, banned the chewing of paan, paan masala, gutka, and other tobacco products (especially during duty hours) in government offices to ensure cleanliness. He started this initiative after his first visit to the secretariat annex building when he saw betel-juice-stained walls and corners in that building.


    We can say Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a nice welcome step to make India clean and green by 2019. As we all heard about the most famous proverb, “Cleanliness is Next to Godliness, “we can surely say that the Clean India Campaign (Swachh Bharat Abhiyan) will bring godliness all over the country for years if the people of India follow it effectively.

    So, the cleanliness activities to warm welcome godliness have been started, but they should not need to be ended if we want godliness in our lives forever. A healthy country and society need its citizens to be healthy and clean in every walk of life.

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