NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Economics Social Science Chapter 1: Development

# NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Economics Social Science Chapter 1: Development

Class 10 Economics Social Science Chapter 1: The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 offer valuable insights into how economic development occurs in our country. It’s an important topic in the CBSE syllabus for Class 10. The chapter discusses people’s aspirations for progress and their ideas about a country’s development. These solutions help students understand the various aspects of development necessary for a nation’s growth. Additionally, they provide answers to questions typically asked in CBSE exams, assisting students in preparing effectively for their assessments.

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Chapter covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics Are:

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1 DEVELOPMENT

### CBSE Class 10 Economics Social Science Chapter 1 – Development Exercises

Ques 1. Development of a country is determined by

(i) its per capita income

(ii) its average literacy level

(iii) health status of its people

(iv) all the above

Ans. iv

Ques 2. Which neighboring country demonstrates superior performance in terms of human development compared to India?

(ii) Sri Lanka

(iii) Nepal

(iv) Pakistan

Ans. ii

Ques 3. Consider a scenario where there are four families in a country. The average per capita income of these families is Rs 5000. If the income of three families is Rs 4000, Rs 7000, and Rs 3000 respectively, what is the income of the fourth family?

(i) Rs 7500

(ii) Rs 3000

(iii) Rs 2000

(iv) Rs 6000

Ans. iv

(4000+7000+3000+x) ÷ 4 = 5000

14000+x = 5000 × 4

x = 20000-14000

x = 6000

Also Check: Social Science Class 10 Important Questions Economics Chapter 1

Ques 4. What is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries? What are the limitations?

The World Bank employs per capita income as a metric to categorize different countries. Per capita income is derived by dividing the total income of a country by its population. In 2017, countries with a per capita income of US $12,056 per annum were classified as affluent or rich nations, while those with a per capita income of US$955 or less were designated as low-income countries.

The limitations of the criterion are:

• Other important factors, including literacy rate, infant mortality rate, and healthcare, are overlooked while classifying countries.
• Information about the unequal distribution of income is not provided by The World Bank.
• The economy of a country cannot solely determine its development.

Ques 5. How does the criterion used by the UNDP for measuring development differ from the one used by the World Bank?

Ans. The criterion used by UNDP differs from that used by the World Bank because UNDP assesses countries based on educational levels, health status, and per capita income, whereas the World Bank primarily relies on per capita income for measuring development.

Ques 6. Why do we use averages? Are there any limitations to their use? Provide examples related to development.

Ans. i) Averages are used to estimate and compare different things at varying levels, especially since different countries have different populations.

ii) However, there are limitations to using averages as they don’t account for income distribution disparities within a country. For instance, if the per capita income of two countries is calculated based on five individuals each, one may have a higher average income despite unequal income distribution.

iii) For example, in Country A, with incomes of Rs. 23,000, Rs. 22,000, Rs. 23,500, Rs. 28,000, and Rs. 25,000, the average income is Rs. 24,300, while in Country B, with incomes of Rs. 1,50,000, Rs. 22,000, Rs. 50,000, Rs. 4000, and Rs. 2500, the average income is Rs. 45,700. Despite Country B having a higher average, there’s a stark income disparity compared to the relatively even distribution in Country A.

Ques 7. Does the higher human development ranking of Kerala despite its lower per capita income compared to Haryana suggest that per capita income alone is an insufficient criterion for state comparison? Let’s explore this question further.

Ans. Kerala’s superior human development ranking despite a lower per capita income than Haryana underscores the inadequacy of per capita income as a sole criterion for state comparison. Factors like literacy rates and healthcare facilities greatly influence development and should be considered alongside income.

Also Check: Social Science Economics Chapter 1 Development Class 10 Notes

Ques 8. What are the current sources of energy used in India? What could be potential sources fifty years from now?

Ans. Presently, India relies on firewood, coal, petroleum, crude oil, and natural gas for energy. However, in the future, renewable sources like solar and wind energy might become more prevalent due to environmental concerns and the depletion of non-renewable resources.

Ques 9. Why is sustainability important for development?

Ans. Sustainability ensures that present needs are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Failure to sustain resources can lead to environmental degradation, resource depletion, and health hazards, jeopardizing long-term development.

Ques 10. How does the statement, “The Earth has enough resources to meet the needs of all but not enough to satisfy the greed of even one person,” resonate within the context of development?

Ans. The statement underscores the importance of responsible resource management in development. If resources are exploited greedily, future generations may suffer from scarcity. Sustainable development mandates using resources wisely to meet needs without depleting them.

Ques 11. Provide examples of environmental degradation observed around you.

Ans. Environmental degradation manifests in various forms such as pollution from vehicles, industrial waste disposal, deforestation, mining, and soil erosion. These activities contribute to global issues like pollution and climate change.

Ques 12. Identify the top and bottom countries for each item listed in Table 1.6.

Ans. Sri Lanka tops the list in Gross National Income, life expectancy, mean years of schooling, and HDI rank, while Nepal ranks lowest in Gross National Income. Pakistan has the lowest life expectancy and HDI rank, and Myanmar and Nepal have the least mean years of schooling.

ii) Despite sufficient food availability, approximately one-fifth of the population is undernourished due to disparities in food distribution, unaffordability of nutritious food, educational deficiencies leading to unemployment, and issues with ration distribution.

Also Check: 5 Toughest and Easiest Chapters in CBSE Class 10 Social Science

Ques 13. The following table shows the proportion of adults (aged 15-49 years) whose BMI is below normal (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) in India. It is based on a survey of various states for the year 2015-16. Answer the following questions.

 State Male (%) Female (%) Kerala 8.5 10 Karnataka 17 21 Madhya Pradesh 28 28 All States 20 23

Source: National Family Health Survey-4, 2015-16, http://rchiips.org

ii) What could be the reasons behind approximately one-fifth of the population in the country being undernourished, despite arguments suggesting that there is sufficient food available? Share your insights using your own words.

A. Around one-fifth of the population in the country suffers from undernourishment despite claims of sufficient food availability due to several reasons:

i) Disparities in the distribution of food grains via the Public Distribution System (PDS).

ii) Inability of the impoverished population to afford nutritious food.

iii) Educational backwardness contributing to unemployment, thereby hindering access to basic necessities like food.

iv) Inadequate distribution of ration at fixed-price stores.

## FAQ’s on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics

### What subjects are covered in Chapter 1 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics?

The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics Development cover fundamental concepts regarding what individuals aspire to achieve and their desired lifestyle within a nation. This chapter elaborates on the significance of sustainability in a country's development trajectory. A team comprising highly seasoned academic experts meticulously crafts responses to all the in-text questions. These answers aim primarily to support students in attaining commendable scores in their CBSE Term I examinations for Class 10

### What are the highlights of Chapter 1 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics?

Individual subject matter experts with extensive expertise in the critical areas respond to the NCERT's behind-the-scenes text questions. Each response is thoughtfully crafted to assist students in quickly grasping all of the crucial topics related to the issue. Furthermore, all of the answers are provided in a clear and simple manner, based on the CBSE board's weighted mark system.

### Are the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 sufficient for CBSE Term I exams?

The first chapter of NCERT Solutions for Economics – Development for Class 10 comprehensively covers all the key themes aligned with the latest CBSE requirements. Each query pertaining to the chapter is meticulously addressed with precise responses, presented either in succinct paragraphs or bullet points as necessary. These solutions have been meticulously crafted by subject matter experts to aid students in their preparation for the CBSE Term I examinations..

### What is Chapter 1 of Class 10 Economics about?

Chapter 1 is about 'Development,' focusing on how countries develop and different ways to measure development.

### What are the most important questions in Economics?

Key questions often cover topics like the meaning of development, sustainable development, and comparing countries based on their development.

### What is the short answer of development?

Development means improvement in people's living standards, income, and overall well-being.

### Why is development important in Class 10?

Comprehending development is crucial as it equips us with the knowledge to enhance society, alleviate poverty, and secure a higher quality of life for all individuals.

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