NCERT Book Solutions Class 7 History Our Pasts – II Chapter 3
When did Delhi gain significance as a centre of strategic and political importance? Who were the rulers of Delhi during the medieval period? Learn answers to these questions and further details about Delhi Sultans and related concepts from Chapter 3 of CBSE Class 7 History. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 3 “The Delhi Sultans” covers solutions to the exercises given in the textbook “Our Pasts-II”. These NCERT Solutions to the exercises provided at the end of the chapter are the best source for students to prepare most competently for the exam.
1. Which ruler ﬁrst established his or her capital at Delhi?
A. Anangapala of the Tamara dynasty ﬁrst established his capital at Delhi.
2. What was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans?
A. Persian was the language of administration under the Delhi Sultans.
3. In whose reign did the Sultanate reach its farthest extent?
A. In Muhammad Tughluq’s reign the Sultanate reached its farthest end.
4. From which country did Ibn Battuta travel to India?
A. Ibn Battuta travelled to India from Morocco.
5. According to the “circle of justice”, why was it important for military commanders to keep the interests of the peasantry in mind?
A. According to the circle of Justice, it was important for the military commanders to keep the interests of the peasants in mind because the salaries of the soldiers came from the revenue collected from the peasants and peasants could pay the revenue only when they were prosperous and happy.
6. What is meant by the “internal” and “external” frontiers of the Sultanate?
A. ‘Internal’ frontiers of the sultanate consisted of the ‘hinterland’ of the garrison towns which lay in the close neighbourhood of the capital city of Delhi. This area extended up to the forest of Ganga –Yamuna doab. The ‘external’ frontiers refer to the area beyond the hinterland of the garrison town.
7. What were the steps taken to ensure that Muqtis performed their duties? Why do you think they may have wanted to defy the orders of the Sultans?
A. i) To ensure that the muqtis performed their duties their ofﬁce was made non-inheritable, and they kept getting shifted from one iqta to another.
ii) Care was also taken that Muqtis collected only those taxes which are prescribed by the state.
iii) Accountants were appointed to check the amount collected by the Muqtis.
iv) They were ﬁxed in a limited number of soldiers. They may have wanted to defy the order of the sultan because restrictions imposed on them were very rigorous.
8. What was the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate?
A. The Mongol invasions weakened the Sultanate as they caused the Sultans to implement a number of expensive protective measures.
9. Do you think the authors of tawarikh would provide information about the lives of ordinary men and women?
A. No, the authors of tawarikh would not provide information about the lives of ordinary men and women. It is because the authors of tawarikh lived in cities mainly Delhi. They were not in touch with village people. They often wrote their histories for Sultans in the hope of rich rewards. They had nothing to do with common mass. Hence, it was obvious that the information provided by them would lack ordinary men and women.
10. Raziyya Sultan was unique in the history of the Delhi Sultanate. Do you think women leaders are accepted more readily today?
A. Raziyya Sultan was unique in the history of the Delhi Sultanate. She was more able and qualiﬁed than all her brothers. But the nobles were not comfortable with having a queen as ruler. Queen’s rule went against the ideal social order created by God.
The situation has changed today. Due to the spread of education, people now realize the potential of women. So, they have started accepting them as leaders. Even in rural areas now we see women Sarpanches and Councellors.
11. Why were the Delhi Sultans interested in cutting down forests? Does deforestation occur for the same reasons today?
A. i) Delhi Sultans were interested in cutting down forests because they wanted to encourage agriculture on the land.
ii) The Delhi Sultans cleared the forests in the Ganga – Yamuna doab and gave these lands to peasants in order to encourage agriculture.
iii) They also established new fortresses and towns in these lands to protect trade routes and to promote regional trade. No, deforestation does not occur for the same reasons today.
iv) Nowadays vegetation cover is being reduced due to overpopulation, urbanization and
12. Find out whether there are any buildings built by the Delhi Sultans in your area. Are there any other buildings in your area that were built between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries? Describe some of these buildings, and draw sketches of them.
A. Some of them are Buildings built between the 12th and 15th century
i) Jamali-Kamali Mosque
ii) Siri fort
iii) Begumpuri Mosque
iv) Moth Ki Masjid
v) Raziyya’s Tomb
vi) Qutub Minar
vii) Tugalakabad Fort
viii) Firuz Shah Kotla
ix) Purana Quila
The Delhi Sultans Summary
The NCERT Class 7 Our Pasts-II Chapter 3 talks about the following topics:
- The Rulers of Delhi
- Finding out about the Delhi Sultans
- Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate
- Administration under the Khaljis and Tughluqs
- The Sultanates during the 15th and 16th centuries
Our Pasts-II is an important book for the Class 7 Social Science subject. Apart from this chapter, the full set of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science is given in the linked article.
Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 3
- Can the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 3 help you to score high marks?
- Explain the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate present in chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History.
- List the topics that are covered in Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History.
1. Can the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 3 help you to score high marks?
The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 3 are developed according to CBSE specified format and guidelines for scoring high marks in the annual exam. The solutions are 100% authentic and precise as per the exam pattern and marks weightage designed by CBSE. Further, students will comprehend the key concepts effectively by referring to these solutions regularly. The solutions are available for free in both online and offline modes so that students can access them at ease without any difficulty.
2. Explain the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate present in chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History.
Mongol attacks on the Delhi Sultanate increased during the reign of Alauddin Khalji and in the early years of Muhammad Tughluq’s rule. Both Alauddin Khalji and Muhammad Tughluq constructed a new garrison town for their soldiers and collected tax from lands between the Ganga and Yamuna to keep the soldiers fed. Alauddin chose to pay his soldiers in cash rather than iqtas, whereas Muhammad Tughluq used a token currency made out of cheap metals.
3. List the topics that are covered in Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History.
Chapter 3 of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History discusses the motions of Earth: rotation and revolution, which lead to seasons and day-night patterns.
The main topics that are covered in this chapter are:
The Rulers of Delhi
Finding out about the Delhi Sultans
Expansion of the Delhi Sultanate
Administration under the Khaljis and Tughlaqs
The Sultanates during the 15th and 16th centuries