Essay on National Flag of India in English for Children and Students

The Indian National Flag is a symbol of India’s freedom and its integrity. It symbolizes that the nation is governed by its people, without foreign interference. Prideful display of the Flag demarcates Indian territories and acts as a warning to the invaders. The National Flag of India is a rectangular Tricolor with three horizontal stripes of saffron, white and green, from top to bottom.

Essay on National Flag

In the middle of the white stripe is an impression of the Ashoka Wheel of Ashoka Chakra printed in blue. The Flag is based on Swaraj Flag, designed by Pingali Venkayya. Saffron represents courage and sacrifice; white symbolizes peace; green represents fertility and prosperity. The Flag code of India governs the tricolor display, and any act of dishonor to the National Flag is a punishable offense.

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Long and Short Essay on the National Flag of India in English

The National Flag of India is a symbol of honor and freedom for the country. It is of great significance to us. We should respect and know everything about our National Flag.

Here we have provided some simple, long, short essays on Indian National Flag. These Indian National Flag Essay are written in simple language so they can be easily memorized and presented whenever needed.

After going through the essays, you will know the history of our National Flag and its significance in keeping the nation united.

You can select any of the below-given essays and present them in your school or college speech debates or essay writing competitions.

National Flag of India Essay 1 (100 Words)

India is our country, and our National Flag is very important to all of us. Our national Flag is the symbol of unity for the people of different religions. We should honour and respect our country and its national Flag. Every independent country must have a national flag. Our national Flag is the tricolor, also called Tiranga. The topmost colour of our national Flag is saffron, the middle one is white, and the lowermost color is green. The middle strip of white colour contains a navy blue Ashok Chakra having 24 equally divided spokes.

National Flag of India Essay 2 (150 Words)

The National Flag is our unique identity as a citizen of an independent nation. Every independent nation has its unique Flag. Our national Flag is a symbol of unity and freedom. The national Flag is hoisted on every national occasion by the government official; however, Indian citizens are also allowed to fly the national Flag on some occasions.

It is hosted in the government offices, schools, and other educational institutions on Republic Day, Independence Day, and other national events. Indian national Flag was first time adopted on July 22nd, 1947. Our national Flag is a beautifully designed tricolour flag known as Tiranga. It is made up of hand-made Khadi clothes. It is completely restricted to making the Indian Flag using clothes other than the Khadi. The topmost colour of the national Flag is saffron, middle white, and lower deep green. Saffron colour symbolizes sacrifice and selflessness, white colour truth and purity, and green youth and energy.

National Flag of India Essay 3 (200 Words)

The national Flag of India was adopted on the 22nd of July in 1947, some days after the independence of India on the 15th of August, 1947, from British rule. The Indian national Flag contains three colours and is thus also called the Tiranga. The uppermost saffron colour indicates sacrifice and selflessness, the middle white indicates truth, peace, and purity, and the lowermost green indicates youth and energy. The middle white colour contains a navy blue colour Ashoka Chakra with 24 equal spokes. Our national flag symbolizes freedom, pride, unity, and honour. Ashok Chakra indicates the real victory of honesty and justice.

Our national Flag teaches us the lesson of unity, peace, and humanity. It helps us to believe in the truth and unity. It is hoisted every year by the Indian prime Minister of India on the 15th of August and by the President of India on the 26th of January. However, it is hoisted by both of them at Red Fort, followed by an address to the people of India. Our national Flag is made up of khadi clothes, hand-made clothe initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. Our country strictly prohibits flying a national flag made up of clothes other than Khadi.

National Flag of India Essay 4 (250 Words)

India got independence after long years of struggle of more than thousands of brave Indian freedom fighters. India got freedom on the 15th of August in 1947 from British rule. Some days before the independence of India, the national Flag of India was adopted on the 22nd of July in 1947 (in the constituent assembly meeting) as a symbol of unity and great triumph. Our national is tricolour, so-called Tiranga Zanda. Our national Flag is courage and inspiration for us. It makes us remember the sacrifices of our great Indian freedom fighters. It makes us remember how tough that moment was for them. Getting freedom was not so easy. We should always respect our Flag and never let it go down for our motherland.

Our national Flag is horizontally designed using tricolour strips of saffron, white and green. The middle white portion has navy blue Ashok Chakra with 24 spokes. All three colours, Ashok Chakra and 24 spokes have meaning and significance. The uppermost Saffron colour symbolizes devotion and renunciation. The middle white color indicates peace and harmony. And the lowermost green colour indicates youth and energy. However, the Ashoka Chakra (means Wheel of Ashoka) symbolizes peace and courage.

Our national Flag comprises khadi clothes, a special hand-spun cloth initiated by Mahatma Gandhi. The Bureau of Indian Standards handles all the manufacturing processes and design specifications. It is strictly forbidden in our country to use the Flag of other clothes instead of Khadi.

National Flag of India Essay 5 (300 Words)

Our national Flag is also called the Tiranga Jhanda as it has three colours. It contains tricolour horizontal stripes of uppermost saffron, middle white, and lowermost green. The middle white strip contains a navy blue Ashoka Chakra (also called Dharma Chakra) in its centre. The present-time Indian national Flag was officially adopted in the Constituent Assembly meeting on the 22nd of July in 1947. The ratio of length and width of the Indian Flag is 3:2.

Prevention of Improper Use Act, 1950 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 both govern the national Flag’s use and display. The Flag Code of India was established in 2002 to govern all the laws, practices, conventions, and instructions to respect and honour the Indian Flag. Mahatma Gandhi first proposed the Indian national Flag in 1921 to the Indian National Congress. Pingali Venkayya first designed our national Flag. It is considered that the saffron and green strip were decided to honour both religions like, Hindu and Muslim. Later a white strip was added in the middle with a spinning wheel in the centre to symbolize respect for other religions.

Before the independence of India, various Indian flags were designed to precede the Indian Independence Movement to get freedom from the British rulers. Finally, the present design of the nation was officially adopted. Earlier, the display of the national Flag was prohibited by the common public, and government officials only displayed it during any national event; however, later, it allowed the common public to display the national Flag on their premises. It symbolizes unity and honour to our motherland, so we should always respect our national Flag and never let its honour go down.

National Flag of India Essay 6 (400 Words)

The National Flag of India is also known as the Tiranga Jhanda. It was first officially adopted during the meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22nd, 1947. It was adopted 24 days before the independence of India from British rule. Pingali Venkayya designed it. It was designed in a horizontal shape with three saffron colors, white and green, in equivalent proportions: the upper saffron colour, white middle, and lower dark green colours. Our national Flag contains a 2:3 ratio of width and length. In the centre, a navy blue wheel having 24 spokes is designed in the middle white strip. Ashoka Chakra was taken from the pillar of the Ashok, Sarnath (Lion Capital of Ashoka).

Our national Flag is of great significance to all of us. All the colours, strips, wheels, and clothing used in the Flag have special significance. The flag code of India decides the use and display of the national Flag. Till 52 years after the independence of India, the national Flag was not allowed to display by the people; however, later, the rule was altered (according to the flag code 26th January 2002) to use the Flag at homes, offices, and factories on any special occasion. National Flag is hoisted on national occasions like Republic day, Independence day, etc. It is also displayed in schools and educational institutions (colleges, universities, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire the students to honour and respect the Indian Flag.

Students take an oath and sing the national anthem while unfurling the national Flag in the schools and colleges. Public and private organization members may also hoist the Flag on any occasion, ceremonial event, etc. It is restricted to displaying the national Flag for communal or personal gains. Nobody is allowed to display a flag made of other clothes. Otherwise, it is a punishment of imprisonment and a fine. National Flag can be flown from morning till evening (sunrise to sunset) in any weather. It is prohibited to intentionally dishonor the national Flag or touch it on the ground, floor or trail in the water. It should not be used to cover any vehicle’s top, bottom, sides, or back, like a car, boat, train, or aircraft. On Flag other than the Indian should be displayed at a higher level.

Essay on Importance of National Flag of India – Essay 7 (600 Words)


The National Flag of India, fondly known as Tiranga, is the nation’s pride. It is an important and integral part of the Republic of India. It represents the sovereignty of the country and is respected by its citizens. It is flown on all the government buildings in India. It is a ritual to hoist the national Flag of India at national festivals such as Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.

Importance of the Indian National Flag

The National Flag of India reflects its culture, civilization, and history. The Flag flowing in the air is a symbol of freedom. It reminds the Indian citizens of the sacrifices made by the freedom fighters to free our country from British tyranny. It also inspires them to be humble and value the freedom and independence they have attained after much struggle.

The Indian national Flag is referred to as Tiranga, consisting of three colours -Saffron, White, and Green. The saffron colour on the top symbolizes indifference, meaning our leaders must remain indifferent towards materialistic things. Serving the nation should be on the top of their priority list, and they must do their work selflessly. The white colour in the middle represents truth and purity, which means we must always follow the path of truth and right conduct. The green colour at the bottom symbolizes soil and nature and reminds us to stay grounded in our roots.

The Ashoka Chakra printed in the middle of the Flag on the white portion is a symbol of the law of Dharma. It means that Dharma or virtue must be the main guiding principles of those who serve the nation. It is also a motion symbol and inspires me to keep moving in life irrespective of the challenges and hardships.

History of the Indian National Flag

Mahatma Gandhi came up with the idea of a flag for the Indian National Congress in 1921, when the struggle for Indian independence was still going on. The Flag had a spinning wheel printed in the middle, symbolizing Bapu’s goal of making the citizens of India self-reliant by spinning and fabricating clothes. The design of the Flag evolved and improvised with time. On India’s independence, the Flag was modified further, and the spinning wheel was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra, the eternal wheel of law.

Code of Indian National Flag

The citizens of India are expected to respect and keep the honour of the country’s national Flag. A set of rules have been put in place against the mistreatment of the national Flag. Some of these are as follows:

  • Flying the Tiranga made of any material other than Khadi or hand-spun cloth is punishable by law.
  • The Flag can be carried during processions but must be borne only on the right shoulder of the bearer. Secondly, it must always be carried in front of the procession.
  • The Flag must always be held high and not lowered before anything.
  • No other flag can be placed above the Tri-colour, nor can it be placed to its right.
  • Whenever the Flag is in a moving column, the people present must stand in attention and pay respect by saluting as it passes them.
  • The Flag must be flown at half mast to signify mourning. It is flown half-mast across the nation in case of the death of the President, Vice-president, and Prime Minister during their duty period.


Our National Flag is our pride. We must uphold its dignity even if it is at the cost of our lives. It must always flow high as it is a symbol of the freedom that was earned after years of struggle and sacrifices.

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