This chapter delves deeper into fundamental notions such “What is Living?” and “What is Death?” Taxonomic Categories, Taxonomic Aids, and other topics are discussed. Variety abounds in the living world. Until now, millions of plant and animal species have been identified and documented, but there are yet millions more to be discovered. Taxonomic studies of numerous plant and animal species are useful in agriculture, forestry, industry, and for understanding our resources and diversity in general. Taxonomists have created a number of taxonomic aids to help in organism identification, naming, and categorization.
The following topics were covered:
What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; taxonomy and systematics; concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for study of taxonomymuseums, zoological parks, herbaria, botanical gardens, keys for identification.