BlogCBSECBSE Class 10 Science Important Topics – You Should Not Miss in Board Exam 2024

CBSE Class 10 Science Important Topics – You Should Not Miss in Board Exam 2024

The CBSE Class 10 Board Exams began on February 15, 2024. The CBSE Class 10 Science exam is scheduled to be held on March 2, 2024. The exam will start at 10:30 am and end at 1:30 pm. If you are preparing for your CBSE Class 10 Science Board exam 2024, you’re probably aware that mastering the right topics is crucial for scoring well. With the exam approaching, it’s essential to focus on the most important chapters and topics to ensure you’re fully prepared. To help you streamline your study plan, we’ve come up with this comprehensive guide that’ll talk about the CBSE Class 10 Science important topics. Let’s dive into the key areas you shouldn’t miss!

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    class 10 science topics

    CBSE Class 10 Science

    The CBSE Class 10 Science curriculum covers a wide range of topics across three main branches of science: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Here’s a brief overview of each:

    1. Physics: In Class 10 Physics, students typically learn about topics such as light, electricity, magnetic effects of electric current, sources of energy, and the human eye. They learn about concepts such as reflection and refraction of light, electric circuits, electromagnetic induction, and various types of energy sources.
    2. Chemistry: The Chemistry syllabus in Class 10 usually includes the study of chemical reactions, acids, bases, metals and non-metals, carbon compounds, and periodic classification of elements. Students learn about chemical equations, types of chemical reactions, properties of acids and bases, extraction of metals, carbon compounds like carbon dioxide, methane, and the periodic table.
    3. Biology: Class 10 Biology covers topics such as life processes, control and coordination, heredity and evolution, and management of natural resources. Students learn about the various life processes in organisms, the nervous system, endocrine system, genetics, evolution, and conservation of natural resources.

    In addition to theoretical knowledge, the curriculum also includes practical experiments and activities to help students understand scientific concepts better and develop practical skills. It’s essential for students to understand and apply the principles learned in these subjects, as they form the basis for further study in science.

    CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2024 – Important Chapters

    1. Physics:
    2. Chemistry:
    3. Biology:
    Marks Weightage
    Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour:
    World of Living:
    • Life Processes
    • Control and co-ordination in animals and plants
    • Reproduction
    • Heredity
    Effects of Current:
    • Electricity
    • Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

    CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2024 – Important Topics Chapter-wise

    Below is a list of important topics chapter-wise for the Class 10 Science Board Exam 2024 that can significantly impact your score. By thoroughly understanding these topics and practicing related questions, students can aim for a score of 90+ in the CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2024.


    1. Light – Reflection and Refraction:
    2. The Human Eye And the Colourful World:
      • Defects of Vision and their correction
    3. Electricity:
    4. Magnetic Effects of Electric Current:
      • Magnetic Field and Field Lines
      • Electromagnetic Induction
      • Electric Generator and Motor
    5. Sources of Energy:
      • Conventional Sources of Energy
      • Non-conventional Sources of Energy
      • Environmental Consequences


    1. Chemical Reactions and Equations:
      • Types of Chemical Reactions
      • Balancing Chemical Equations
      • Corrosion and Rancidity
    2. Acids, Bases, and Salts:
      • pH Scale
      • Indicators
      • Chemical Properties of Acids and Bases
    3. Metals and Non-Metals:
      • Physical and Chemical Properties
      • Reactivity Series
      • Extraction of Metals
    4. Carbon and Its Compounds:
      • Structural Isomerism
      • Nomenclature
      • Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds


    1. Life Processes:
      • Nutrition
      • Respiration
      • Transportation
    2. Control and Coordination:
      • Nervous System
      • Endocrine System
      • Reflex Action
    3. Heredity and Evolution:
      • Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance
      • Evolution by Natural Selection
      • Evidence of Evolution
    4. How do Organisms reproduce:
      • Modes of reproduction used by organisms
      • Sexual Reproduction

    Best Reference Books for CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2024

    Here are some of the best reference books for CBSE Class 10 Science Board Exam 2024:

    1. NCERT Science Textbook for Class 10:
      • NCERT textbooks are considered the primary resource for CBSE board exams. The Class 10 Science textbook covers all the essential topics in a comprehensive manner and is aligned with the CBSE curriculum.
    2. Together with Science for Class 10 by Rachna Sagar:
      • This book provides additional practice questions, solved examples, and detailed explanations to help students understand concepts better. It also includes chapter-wise summaries and revision notes.
    3. Science for Tenth Class Part 1 and Part 2 by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur:
      • Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur’s books are popular among students for their clear explanations and ample practice questions. The content is structured according to the latest CBSE syllabus and covers important concepts in detail.
    4. Oswaal CBSE Question Bank Class 10 Science Chapterwise & Topicwise Solved Papers:
      • This question bank contains a wide variety of questions, including MCQs, short answer questions, and long answer questions. It’s helpful for practicing different types of questions and assessing one’s understanding of each topic.
    5. Arihant’s All in One Science Class 10:
      • Arihant’s All in One series provides a comprehensive study guide covering all the chapters in the CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus. It includes key concepts, solved examples, practice questions, and previous years’ board exam papers.
    6. RD Sharma Class 10 Science:
      • RD Sharma’s book offers in-depth explanations and practice problems for students aiming to strengthen their problem-solving skills in science. It’s particularly useful for students who want to excel in numerical and application-based questions.


    Mastering these important chapters and topics, along with regular practice and revision, will undoubtedly boost your confidence and performance in the CBSE Class 10 Science board exam on March 2, 2024. Remember to stay focused, stay positive, and give your best effort. Good luck!

    CBSE Class 10 Science Important Topics FAQs

    Which is the most important chapter in science class 10 2024?

    While all chapters are vital, focusing on understanding concepts thoroughly rather than singling out one chapter is crucial for success in the Class 10 Science exam in 2024.

    How to score good marks in science class 10 CBSE 2024?

    To score well in Class 10 Science CBSE 2024 exam, ensure a thorough understanding of concepts, regular practice with previous years' question papers, and effective time management during the exam.

    How to pass in 10th board exam 2024?

    To pass the 10th board exam in 2024, maintain a consistent study schedule, focus on understanding rather than rote memorization, practice sample papers, and seek clarification on doubts from teachers or peers.

    Will CBSE reduce syllabus for 2024?

    CBSE decisions regarding syllabus reduction vary annually based on factors such as educational requirements and prevailing circumstances. It's advisable to stay updated through official announcements from CBSE.

    Important topics of Science class 10 for board exam 2024

    Key topics include Light – Reflection and Refraction, Electricity, Magnetic Effects of Electric Current, Chemical Reactions and Equations, Acids, Bases, and Salts, Life Processes, Control and Coordination, Heredity and Evolution, and Management of Natural Resources.

    Important topics of Physics class 10 for board exam 2024

    Crucial physics topics include Light – Reflection and Refraction, Electricity, Magnetic Effects of Electric Current, and Sources of Energy. Understanding these topics thoroughly is essential for success in the Class 10 Physics board exam in 2024.

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