pocl3 Phosphorus Oxychloride
Pocl3-phosphorus-oxychloride is a white solid that is soluble in water. It is used as a flame retardant and a plasticizer.
What is POCl3?
POCl3 is a salt of phosphoric acid and chlorine. It is a colourless, odourless, and hygroscopic solid that is soluble in water. It is used in the manufacture of fertilizers, detergents, and other chemicals.
Arrangement of POCl3
POCl3 is a pyramidal molecule with P at the center and three Cl atoms at the vertices of the pyramid.
Structure of POCl3
The structure of POCl3 is composed of PO2- ions (polynitrogen atoms) and Cl- ions. The PO2- ions are connected together by oxygen atoms to form a chain, and the Cl- ions are dispersed evenly throughout this chain.
Properties of POCl3
The following are some of the properties of POCl3:
- POCl3 is a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas.
- It is a Lewis acid, meaning that it can accept electron pairs.
- It is a good conductor of electricity.
- It is a reactive gas and can form explosive compounds with many other elements.
The physical properties of a substance are those that can be observed without changing the composition of the substance. These include the color, odor, melting point, boiling point, and density.
The color of a substance is often an indication of its chemical composition. For example, copper is often a reddish color, while gold is a yellow color.
The odor of a substance is often an indication of its chemical composition. For example, vinegar has a sour smell, while bleach has a strong, chlorine-like smell.
The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which the solid and liquid phases are in equilibrium. The higher the melting point, the more heat is required to transform the solid into a liquid.
The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the liquid and vapor phases are in equilibrium. The higher the boiling point, the more heat is required to transform the liquid into a vapor.
The density of a substance is the mass per unit volume. The denser a substance, the more mass per unit volume.
Substance: Ethylene oxide
Synonyms: EtO; oxirane; ethylene oxide monomer
Chemical Formula: C2H4O
Molecular Weight: 44.05
Boiling Point: -103.7 degrees Celsius
Freezing Point: -187.7 degrees Celsius
Density: 0.788 grams per cubic centimeter
Solubility: Miscible in water
Uses of POCl3
POCl3 is used in a variety of industries, including the production of synthetic fibers, plastics, and pesticides. It is also used in the production of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds.