ArticlesArticle on G20 Summit

Article on G20 Summit

Article on G20: As of December 1, 2022, India has assumed the prestigious presidency of the G20, succeeding Indonesia. This responsibility extends for a year, providing India with a unique opportunity to actively contribute to shaping the global agenda on critical international issues. Traditionally centred on macroeconomics and trade, recent G20 summits have expanded their focus to address a broader spectrum of global challenges. In an interconnected world, issues such as overall development, climate change, energy, health, counter-terrorism, and migration/refugee concerns have gained popularity. The complexity of these challenges underscores the need for collaborative solutions.

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    As the current G20 president, India aims to leverage its position to foster inclusive and sustainable development on a global scale. By actively engaging in discussions and initiatives, India seeks to contribute meaningfully to the resolution of pressing issues that impact not only individual nations but the entire international community. The G20 platform serves as a crucial forum for nations to collaborate and work towards a better and more interconnected world. Lets explore the Article on G20 Summit, its purpose and key points regarding this summit.

    Article on G20 Summit 2023: India’s G20 presidency

    India’s G20 presidency brings with it a meaningful logo that combines the Earth with the lotus, India’s national flower, under the theme ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ or ‘One Earth-One Family-One Future.’

    The G20 logo is a vibrant blend of India’s national flag colours – saffron, white, green, and blue. The Earth in the logo reflects India’s commitment to a pro-planet lifestyle, living in harmony with nature. Highlighting ‘LiFE’ (Lifestyle for Environment), the theme motivates making eco-friendly choices both in personal lifestyles and national development. These choices are aimed at creating a cleaner, greener, and bluer future globally.

    For India, the G20 Presidency also marks the beginning of “Amrit Kaal,” a 25-year period from the 75th anniversary of independence (15 August 2022) to the centenary of independence. This period envisions a futuristic, prosperous, inclusive, and developed society with a core focus on human-centric values.

    G20 Full Form

    The G20, or Group of 20, is a unique gathering of 19 independent countries, the European Union (EU), and the African Union (AU). This intergovernmental forum was established in 1999 to tackle major global economic issues, ranging from financial stability to climate change and sustainable development.

    Comprising finance ministries from the world’s largest economies, the G20 includes both industrialised and developing nations. Together, they make up a significant portion of the global economy, contributing to about 80% of the gross world product (GWP), 75% of international trade, and representing two-thirds of the world’s population and 60% of its land area.

    G20 was born in response to economic crises. the G20 has been meeting annually since 2008. These gatherings involve the heads of government or state, finance ministers, foreign ministers, and other high-ranking officials from each member country. The European Union is represented by the European Commission and the European Central Bank. Additionally, various countries, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations are often invited to participate in these crucial summits, making it a diverse platform for addressing pressing global challenges.

    G20 Headquarters

    The G20 operates without a permanent secretariat or headquarters. Instead, the G20 president, chosen annually, plays a crucial role in shaping the agenda by consulting with other member countries and responding to global economic developments.

    To ensure fairness, the G20 presidency rotates yearly, following a system designed to maintain regional balance. The 19 member countries are divided into five groups, each containing no more than four countries. The presidency then moves between these groups, with a different country assuming the role each year. India, part of Group 2 along with Russia, South Africa, and Turkey, plays a significant role in the rotating presidency. Every year, the G20 selects a country from a different group to take on the responsibility.

    The TROIKA concept further strengthens continuity and consistency within the G20. When a new country assumes the presidency, it collaborates with the past and upcoming presidencies, collectively forming the TROIKA. This collaborative approach ensures a smooth transition and a unified agenda for the group.

    List of G20 Countries

    The G20, or Group of Twenty, is made up of 19 countries and the European Union. Here’s the list of G20 countries:

    1. Argentina
    2. Australia
    3. Brazil
    4. Canada
    5. China
    6. France
    7. Germany
    8. India
    9. Indonesia
    10. Italy
    11. Japan
    12. Mexico
    13. Republic of Korea
    14. Republic of South Africa
    15. Russia
    16. Saudi Arabia
    17. Turkey
    18. United Kingdom
    19. United States of America
    20. European Union (EU)

    What is the Purpose of the G20

    The Group of Twenty (G20) is a prominent international forum comprising major established and emerging economies. Together, G20 nations contribute significantly to global economic output, exports, and population, with more than 85% of the world’s economic output, around 75% of global exports, and about 80% of the global population. Formed in 1999 in response to the Asian financial crisis, the G20 initially united finance ministers and central bankers. During the 2008 global economic crisis, the G20 was elevated to include heads of state and government. Notably, the G20 played a crucial role in stabilising the global financial system through coordinated actions and spending measures totalling $4 trillion.

    While credited with effective crisis response, the G20 has faced challenges in achieving ongoing success in areas like coordinating policies, fostering higher growth, and addressing corruption. Some critics argue for a more impactful role or propose alternative frameworks. However, the G20 remains representative of the current global power balance, with a diverse membership that includes rising democracies like Brazil, India, and Indonesia, as well as influential autocratic nations such as China, Russia, and Saudi Arabia. Despite debates about its effectiveness, many experts believe the G20’s inclusive composition is a crucial platform for addressing contemporary global challenges, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Article on G20

    The Group of Twenty (G20) stands as a pivotal international forum, uniting major economies to address global economic challenges. Comprising over 85% of the world’s economic output, 75% of global exports, and around 80% of the global population, the G20 was established in 1999 and expanded to include heads of state in 2008. Recognized for its swift response during the 2008 financial crisis, the G20 faces ongoing scrutiny in achieving consensus on diverse issues. Despite debates on its effectiveness, the G20’s inclusive membership, encompassing both democracies and autocracies, positions it as a vital platform for global governance.

    Article on G20 Summit 2023

    Title: “G20 Presidency Summit in Delhi: A Global Confluence of Leadership and Collaboration”

    The G20 Presidency Summit in New Delhi was a crucial gathering of leaders from big countries to talk about important global issues. India hosted this summit, putting the spotlight on the city for discussions about economy, partnerships, and global challenges.

    Why G20 Matters
    The G20, or Group of Twenty, is a group of big countries working together to solve global problems. It started in 1999 to handle money matters globally.

    Delhi Hosting the Summit
    India being the host shows how important it has become on the world stage. Delhi, with its history and culture, was a perfect place for leaders to meet and talk. The summit was a chance for India to show its commitment to working with the world.

    What They Talked About
    The leaders discussed things like fixing the economy after COVID-19, dealing with climate change, and making sure everyone grows together. It was a big deal because the decisions made would affect the whole world.

    Helping the Economy
    With COVID-19 affecting everyone, leaders talked about ways to make the economy better. They discussed helping each other with money, trade, and making sure businesses could get back on track.

    Saving the Planet
    The summit also focused on taking care of our planet. Leaders talked about ways to fight climate change, using better technology, and supporting each other to make the world a cleaner and safer place.

    Making Things Fair
    The leaders wanted to make sure everyone, no matter where they live, gets a fair chance. They talked about reducing differences between rich and poor, making sure everyone can go to school and get good healthcare.


    The G20 Presidency Summit in New Delhi was a big deal for the world. Leaders discussed important things like fixing the economy, taking care of the planet, and making life fair for everyone. It showed how countries can work together for a better future.

    Article on G20: FAQs

    What is the G20?

    The G20, or Group of Twenty, is an international forum bringing together major economies to discuss and coordinate on global economic issues.

    When was the G20 established?

    The G20 was formed in 1999 initially as a meeting of finance ministers and central bank governors. It expanded to include heads of state in 2008.

    How many countries are in the G20?

    The G20 comprises 19 individual countries and the European Union. Members include both advanced democracies and emerging economies.

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