IIT JEEJEE MainsJEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024 (Released) – Check Topic wise Syllabus

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024 (Released) – Check Topic wise Syllabus

NTA has released the JEE Main 2024 Chemistry syllabus. You can access JEE Chemistry syllabus in PDF format through the official notification. JEE Mains Chemistry syllabus comprises inorganic, physical, and organic chemistry topics. You can download the JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 PDF here, which will assist you in preparing for the JEE Mains 2024 exam. Additionally, it’s beneficial to be aware of the weightage of each chapter in the JEE Main syllabus 2024 to understand which chapters are more important.

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    Alongside the syllabus, candidates should also review the JEE Main exam pattern, which will be accessible online. The JEE Main exam will be conducted in online mode, and candidates should be familiar with the pattern and marking scheme.

    JEE Mains Chemistry Syllabus 2024 Download

    JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus

    The JEE Main 2024 question paper will be designed based on the topics mentioned in the JEE Main syllabus. It is important to highlight that the JEE Mains Chemistry 2024 syllabus will specifically cover the topics from class 11 and 12 chemistry. The JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2024 is categorized into three sections, namely Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry. For detailed information, candidates can access the JEE Main syllabus for 2024 online, as NTA will release it for all subjects.

    Before diving into their preparation, candidates are strongly advised to thoroughly check the JEE Mains 2024 syllabus on the official website. This will enable them to create a well-structured study schedule tailored to the syllabus, maximizing their chances of success in the examination. Stay updated with the latest information and begin your preparation journey with confidence!. Students can download the JEE Mains 2024 Chemistry PDF from the link below:

    JEE Mains Syllabus 2024 PDF Download

    IIT JEE Main Physical Chemistry Syllabus 2024 (Section A)

    S.No Units Chemistry Topics
    1 Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element, and compound; Laws of chemical combination: Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
    2 Atomic Structure Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; Variation of t|/ and \|/2 with r for Is and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
    3 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
    Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
    Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
    Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding:
    Valence bond theory – Its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
    Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
    Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
    4 Chemical Thermodynamics Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
    First law of thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.
    Second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; AS of the universe and AG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, AG” (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
    5 Solutions Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.
    6 Equilibrium Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.
    Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
    Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of
    chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of AG and AG” in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
    Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid – base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.
    7 Redox Reactions and Electro-chemistry Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
    Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
    Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.
    8 Chemical Kinetics Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half -lives, effect of temperature on the rate of reactions -Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

    Inorganic Chemistry Chapters for JEE Mains 2024

    9 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
    10 p- Block Elements
    • Group -13 to Group 18 Elements– General Introduction: Electronic configurations and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.
    • Groupwise study of the p – block elements Group -13– Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.
    • Group -14- Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.
    • Group -15– Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PC13, PCI,); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.
    • Group -16 Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.
    • Group -17– Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.
    • Group-18- Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.
    11 d – and f – Block Elements Transition Elements- General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements -physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2 Cr, 07 and Kmn04.
    Inner Transition Elements
    Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanide contraction.
    Actinides – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
    12 Co-Ordination Compounds Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co­ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

    IIT JEE Main Organic Chemistry Syllabus 2024 -Section C

    13 Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
    • Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications.
    • Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
    • Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)- Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.
    • Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.
    14 Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules -hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.
    Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)- Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
    Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
    – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.

    Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.

    15 Hydrocarbons
    • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
    • Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
    • Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization.
    • Alkynes – Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
    • Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, benzene -structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.
    16 Organic Compounds Containing Halogens
    • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
    • Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons and DDT.
    17 Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

    • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
    • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reitner – Tiemann reaction.
    • Ethers: Structure.
    • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group;Nucleophilic addition to >C=0 group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of a-hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction;
    • Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
    • Carboxylic Acids- Acidic strength and factors affecting it.
    18 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
    • General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
    • Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
    • Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
    19 Biomolecules General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

    • Carbohydrates – Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose).
    • Proteins – Elementary Idea of a-amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
    • Vitamins – Classification and functions.
    • Nucleic Acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA.
    • Biological functions of nucleic acids.
    20 Principles Related to Practical Chemistry Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.
    • Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
    Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum. Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
    •Chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises -Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO,
    •Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
    Cations – Pb2+, Cu!+, Af,+, Fe1+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+,Mg2+, nh;.Anions- CO,”, S2~, SO4″, NO”, NO~2, Cf, Br”, I” . (Insoluble salts excluded).
    •Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
    1. Enthalpy of solution of CuS04
    2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
    3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
    4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

    JEE Main Reduced syllabus 2024

    Applicants will be glad to know that NTA has removed various sections and subjects from the JEE MAIN 2024 curriculum. Please review the revised syllabus in the table above. The chemistry syllabus changes are based on the official notification available at https://jeemain.nta.nic.in/. The deleted JEE Main syllabus includes:

    • Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis
    • States of Matter
    • Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations;
    • Surface Chemistry : S -block E=lements
    • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals
    • Hydrogen
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Polymers
    • Chemistry in everyday life

    JEE Main Chemistry Preparation Tips by Toppers

    Preparing for the JEE Main Chemistry section can be challenging, but with the right strategies, it becomes manageable. Here are some valuable preparation tips from JEE Main toppers who excelled in the Chemistry section:

    • Master NCERT: Toppers emphasize the significance of NCERT books for Chemistry preparation. Thoroughly read and understand the concepts from NCERT Textbooks as they form the foundation of the syllabus.
    • Create a Study Schedule: Plan your study schedule in a way that allows sufficient time for each chapter. Allocate more time to challenging topics while revising easier ones regularly to retain the information.
    • Practice Regularly: Solve a variety of practice questions, including previous years’ papers and mock tests. Regular practice improves problem-solving skills and time management.
    • Focus on Conceptual Understanding: Instead of memorizing reactions, focus on understanding the underlying concepts and mechanisms. This approach helps in applying the knowledge to different problems effectively.
    • Make Short Notes: Create concise and organized notes while studying each chapter. These notes will serve as quick revision material in the final days before the exam.
    • Revise, Revise, Revise: Regularly revise the topics to reinforce your understanding. Constant revision prevents forgetting and ensures better retention of concepts.
    • Seek Clarifications: Do not hesitate to seek help from teachers, peers, or online forums if you have any doubts or queries. Clarifying doubts promptly leads to a clearer understanding of the subject.
    • Time Management in the Exam: During the exam, manage your time wisely. Do not spend too much time on a single question. Move on to the next one if you get stuck and revisit it later if time permits.
    • Mock Tests and Analysis: Take full-length mock tests to simulate the actual exam environment. Analyze your performance to identify weak areas and work on improving them.
    • Stay Positive and Healthy: Maintain a positive attitude throughout the preparation journey. Take regular breaks, exercise, and get enough sleep to stay physically and mentally fit.

    Remember, success in JEE Main Chemistry 2024 requires consistent effort, dedication, and a strategic approach. Follow these tips from the toppers, and believe in yourself to achieve your goals.

    FAQs on JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2024

    What is the level of chemistry in JEE?

    The level of chemistry in JEE is moderately challenging, covering three main branches: Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry.

    What is the syllabus of chemistry in IIT?

    The syllabus of chemistry in IIT covers Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry, including topics like atomic structure, thermodynamics, and organic reactions.

    Which subject is easy in JEE?

    The perceived difficulty varies, but many find Mathematics challenging, while some find Physics easier due to direct application of concepts. It depends on individual strengths and preparation.

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