Table of Contents
JEE Main 2025: The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the JEE Main 2025 in January and April 2025. Online registration for the exam will begin in November 2024. Both Class 12 passed and appearing students are eligible to apply for the NTA Joint Entrance Exam (Main) 2025.
More information will be update here at Infinity Learn website or visit the official website at @jeemain.nta.ac.in. If you are preparing for the JEE Main exam, refer to the following tips and tricks to help you achieve good marks. The JEE Main 2025 syllabus is expected to be similar to the previous year. For more detailed information on JEE Main 2025, read the article below.
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JEE Main 2025 Overview
JEE Main 2025 Overview  
Particulars  Details 
Name of the Examination  Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) 
Conducting Body  National Testing Agency (NTA) 
Level of examination  Undergraduate Exam at the National Level 
Exam Frequency  Twice a year (January and April) 
Exam Mode  Computed Based Test (CBT) for admissions to BE/ BTech/ BArch/ BPlan Pen and paperbased test (PBT) for Drawing section in BArch 
Courses offered via entrance exam  BE/BTech, BArch, BPlan 
Mode of Application  Online 
Exam duration 

Papers and Total Marks 

Total Questions 

Marking Scheme 

Language/Medium of Exam  English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu 
Colleges Accepting Exam Score  All NIT, IIITs, and CFTIs 
Official Website  @jeemain.nta.nic.in 
JEE Mains 2025 Exam Date
The National Testing Agency (NTA) has released the JEE Main 2025 Exam Dates will be announced in November 2024. The JEE Main 2025 exam will be conducted in two separate sessions:
 Session 1: The first session is scheduled for the last week of January 2025.
 Session 2: The second session will take place in the first week of April 2025.
Stay updated with visit the official website at @jeemain.nta.ac.in.
JEE Main 2025 Session 1 Exam Date
Events  Date 
JEE Main 2025 Session 1 Registration Date  Will Updated 
JEE Mains 2025 Session 1 Application Form Last Date  Will Updated 
Form Correction Dates  Will Updated 
JEE 2025 Session 1 Admit Card Release Date  Will Updated 
JEE Main 2025 Session 1 Exam Date  Will Updated 
JEE Main 2025 Session 1 Result Date  Will Updated 
JEE Main 2025 Session 2 Exam Date
Events  Date 
JEE Main 2025 Session 2 Registration Date  Will Updated 
JEE Mains 2025 Session 2 Application Form Last Date  Will Updated 
Form Correction Dates  Will Updated 
JEE 2025 Session 2 Admit Card Release Date  Will Updated 
JEE Main 2025 Session 2 Exam Date  Will Updated 
JEE Main 2025 Session 2 Result Date  Will Updated 
JEE Main 2025 Highlights
Name of the Examination  Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) 
Examination Conducting Body  National Testing Agency (NTA) 
Purpose of the Examination  Admission into

Category  UG Examination 
Level of Exam  Nationallevel exam 
Number of Sessions  2 
NTA JEE Main 2025 Mode of Exam  Paper1: Computerbased test
Paper2:
Drawing test (B.Arch) – penandpaperbased exam 
Mode of Application  Online application 
Official Web Portal 

JEE Mains 2025 Eligibility Criteria
In addition to the IIT JEE notification, the National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the JEE Main 2025 eligibility criteria. These criteria outline the essential conditions and requirements aspiring students must fulfill to be eligible for admission through JEE Main. Candidates can refer to the eligibility criteria below, based on previous years’ notifications, to gauge their eligibility.
Particulars  Details 
Age limit  There is no age limit. 
Qualifying Examination  Candidates must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examinations from a recognised board. 
Year of Passing the Qualifying Examination  Candidates who have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination in 2022, 2023, 2024 or are appearing for it in 2025 will only be eligible for JEE Main 2025. 
Number of Subjects in the Qualifying Exam  The candidates should have qualified in 5 subjects:

Admission Criteria for IITs, NITs, IIITs and CFTIs 

JEE Mains 2025 Exam Pattern
Particulars  B.Tech  B.Arch  B.Planning 
Total No. of Questions  90  82  105 
Total Marks  300  400  400 
Sections  Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics  Mathematics, Aptitude and Drwaing  Mathematics, Aptitude and Planning 
Number of Questions 



Number of Marks per section 



JEE Main 2025 Admit Card Session 2
Candidates can access their admit cards by following these steps:
 Visit the official website at www.jeemain.nts.in.
 On the homepage, click on notification.
 Choose the link for the JEE Main 2025 admit card.
 A new window will open, prompting you to enter the necessary details.
 After entering the required information, click on the “submit” button.
 Your admit card will then be presented on the screen.
 Proceed to download and save the admit card.
 Take a printout.
Also Read: Best Preparation Tips for JEE Main 2025
JEE Mains 2025 – 75 Percent Criteria
Last year, the National Testing Agency (NTA) introduced the 75 per cent criteria in JEE Mains 2024, as a part of the eligibility criteria. Candidates aspiring for admission to their desired institutes now need a minimum of 75% in their class 12th exams to qualify for JEE Mains. Prior to last year, this additional requirement was not applicable.
It is crucial to note that any candidate failing to meet the 75 per cent criteria will be deemed ineligible and disqualified from receiving admission offers at renowned institutes, including IITs, NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs. This criterion holds significant weightage and must be fulfilled to secure admission to the desired institutions.
JEE Mains 2025 Number of Attempts
The number of attempts for JEE Main 2025 will be decided by the NTA. It is expected that the number of attempts will be limited to three for the 2025 exam. This is in line with the NTA’s policy of allowing only three attempts for all major entrance exams.
In order to improve their chances of getting admission in a good college, students should focus on maximizing their scores in each of the three attempts. This can be done by preparing well for the exam and making use of the resources available.
JEE Mains 2025 Application Form Session 2
The application form for JEE Main 2025 is expected to be released in the month of November 2024. The application form has to be filled out and submitted online on the official website of NTA.
The application form will require the candidate to provide his/her personal and educational details. Candidates need to pay the application fee using either a debit/credit card or net banking. After submitting the form, a confirmation mail will be sent to the candidate’s registered email address.
The application form will also require the candidates to select the exam centre of their choice. The exam centre should be selected carefully as the centre once allotted cannot be changed later. The candidates will also be required to upload their recent passportsize photograph and signature.
Description  Format  Size 
Scanned Photograph  JPG/JPEG  10 kb to 200 kb 
Scanned Signature  JPG/JPEG  4 kb to 30 kb 
Address Proof  50 kb to 300 kb  
Category Certificate  50 kb to 300 kb  
PWD Certificate  50 kb to 300 kb 
JEE Mains 2025 Application Fee
Along with the official notification, the National Testing Agency (NTA) will announce the JEE Main application fee for 2025. Candidates can refer to the table below to check the application fee details for JEE Main 2025.
Category  Application Fee  
Unreserved GenEWS/OBC Category  Male  INR 1000 
Female  INR 800  
SC/ST/PwD/Transgender  INR 500 
JEE Mains 2025 Admit Card
The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main 2025 Admit Card is an important document that every applicant must have for taking the JEE Main exam. It is a mandatory document for admission to any of the IITs, NITs, and IIITs.
The JEE Main 2025 Admit Card contains important details about the applicant such as name, roll number, photograph, signature, date of birth, category, and address. It also contains the exam center details, exam time, and other important instructions. It is important to crosscheck all the details printed on the admit card and to ensure that the information is correct.
The JEE Main Admit Card 2025 is issued by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Applicants can download the admit card by logging into their NTA accounts. The admit card will be available on the JEE Main official website, a few weeks before the exam. Applicants must take a printout of the admit card and keep it safe.
It is important to note that the JEE Mains 2025 Admit Card is not transferable and cannot be used by anyone else. Applicants must also carry a valid governmentissued photo ID card along with the admit card. Without the admit card, applicants will not be allowed to enter the exam hall.
The JEE Main Admit Card is an important document and must be kept safe until the end of the admission process. Applicants should also note that the admit card cannot be replaced if it is lost or damaged.
JEE Mains 2025 Syllabus
The syllabus for JEE Main is categorized into three sections: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, with each section carrying a weightage of 30% in the overall score. The topics covered in the Physics and Chemistry sections draw heavily from the Class 11 and 12 NCERT textbooks.
The syllabus ensures comprehensive coverage of fundamental concepts and principles from these textbooks, providing a solid foundation for aspiring candidates. It is essential for students to thoroughly study and understand the topics outlined in these sections to perform well in the JEE Main examination.
JEE Mains 2025 Syllabus PDF Download
JEE Mains 2025 Maths Syllabus
Units  Chapters  Topics 

UNIT 1: SETS, RELATIONS AND FUNCTIONS  Sets and their representation  Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set 
Relation  Type of relations, equivalence relations  
Functions  Oneone, into and onto functions, the composition of functions  
UNIT 2: COMPLEX NUMBERS AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS  Complex numbers  Representation of complex numbers in the form a + ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex number, modulus, and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number 
Quadratic equations  In real and complex number system and their solutions, Relations between roots and coefficient, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots  
UNIT 3: MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS  Matrices  Algebra of matrices, type of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants 
Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix  Using determinants and, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using matrices  
UNIT 4: PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS  Fundamental principle of counting  Permutation as an arrangement and combination as section, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications 
UNIT 5: BINOMIAL THEOREM AND ITS SIMPLE APPLICATIONS  Binomial theorem  For a positive integral index, general term and middle term, and simple applications 
UNIT 6: SEQUENCE AND SERIES  Arithmetic and Geometric progressions  Insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers, Relation between A.M and G.M 
UNIT 7: LIMIT, CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY  Real–valued functions  Algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions, inverse function, Graphs of simple functions 
Limits, continuity, and differentiability  Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions, Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite, and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two  
Applications of derivatives  Rate of change of quantities, monotonicincreasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable  
UNIT 8: INTEGRAL CALCULAS  Integrals  Fundamental integral involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithms functions, Integrations by substitution, by parts, and by partial functions, Integration using trigonometric identities, Evaluation of simple integrals 
Definite integrals  Fundamental theorem of calculus, properties, Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form  
UNIT 9: DIFFRENTIAL EQUATIONS  Ordinary differential equations  Order, degree, solution of differential equation by the method of separation of variables, solution of a homogeneous and linear differential equation of the type dy dx + p(x)y = q(x) 
UNIT 10: COORDINATE GEOMETRY  Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates  Distance formula, sections formula, locus, and its equation, the equation of a straight line in various forms, the angle between two lines, the condition of perpendicularity and parallelism of two lines, the equation of a circle in standard and general form, the equation of a parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola in standard form, the eccentricity and latus rectum of conic sections 
UNIT 11: 3D GEOMETRY  Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions  The distance between two points, the direction cosines and direction ratios, the equation of a straight line in space, the equation of a plane, the angle between (i) two lines, (ii) two planes, (iii) a line and a plane, the condition of perpendicularity and parallelism, the equation of a sphere 
UNIT 12: VECTOR ALGEBRA  Vectors and scalars  The addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio, scalar and vector products of two vectors, scalar triple product and vector triple product 
UNIT 13: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY  Measures of Dispersion  Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance, and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data 
Probability  Probability of an event, addition, and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials, and Binomial distribution  
UNIT 14: TRIGONOMETRY  Trigonometrical identities and equations  Trigonometrical functions, Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties 
UNIT 14: TRIGONOMETRY  Heights and Distances 
JEE Main 2025 Physics Syllabus
The physics syllabus for JEE Mains contains two sections: Section A and Section B.
Section – A consists of the theoretical content and carries 80% weightage. Section – B consists of the practical component (Experimental Skills) having a weightage of 20%.
Units  Chapters  Topics 

UNIT 1: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT  Physics, technology, and society  Units of measurements, fundamental and derived units, least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures 
UNIT 2: KINEMATICS  Motion in a straight line  Positiontime graph, speed and velocitytime graphs, uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity 
Motion in a plane  Projectile motion, uniform circular motion  
UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION  Newton’s laws of motion  Dynamics of particle motion 
Impulse and momentum  Conservation of linear momentum, elastic and inelastic collisions  
UNIT 4: WORK, ENERGY AND POWER  Work done by a constant force and a variable force  Kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power 
UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION  Centre of mass  Rigid body motion, moment of inertia, radius of gyration 
Angular momentum and its conservation  Dynamics of rotational motion  
UNIT 6: GRAVITATION  Newton’s law of gravitation  Gravitational potential energy, escape velocity, orbital velocity of satellites, Kepler’s laws of planetary motion 
UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS  Elasticity  Stressstrain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio, elastic potential energy 
Fluid mechanics  Pressure due to a fluid column, Buoyancy, Pascal’s law, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications  
UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS  Thermal expansion  Calorimetry, latent heat, heat transferconduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law 
Kinetic theory of gases  Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas  
Thermodynamics  First law, Second law, Heat engines and refrigerators  
UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY  Behaviour of perfect gases  Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas 
UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES  Periodic motion  Simple harmonic motion, angular velocity, frequency, amplitude, phase, time period, simple pendulum, torsional pendulum 
Waves  Equation of plane waves, reflection of waves, Doppler effect  
UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS  Electric charges and fields  Electric charge, Coulomb’s law, electric field, electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications, electric potential, potential energy, equipotential surfaces, dielectrics and electric polarization 
Capacitance  Capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and parallel, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator  
UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY  Electric current  Electric current, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, Kirchhoff’s laws, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge, potentiometer 
Heating effect of current  Electric power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, carbon resistors, Colour code for carbon resistors, series and parallel combinations of resistors  
UNIT 13: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM  Magnetic effects of current  BiotSavart law, Ampere’s law, force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields, force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer, conversion to ammeter and voltmeter 
Magnetism  Bar magnet, earth’s magnetic field and its components, dia, para and ferromagnetic substances with examples, electromagnets and permanent magnets  
UNIT 14: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS  Electromagnetic induction  Faraday’s law, induced emf and current, Lenz’s law, eddy currents, self and mutual inductance 
Alternating current  Peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage, reactance and impedance, LC oscillations, resonance, transformer  
UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES  Electromagnetic waves  Characteristics, Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only), Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses 
UNIT 16: OPTICS  Ray optics  Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, combination of a lens and a mirror 
Wave optics  Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherence, diffraction due to a single slit, resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, polarization, plane polarized light  
UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION  Photoelectric effect  Dual nature of radiation, Matter waves (wave nature of particles), de Broglie relation, DavissonGermer experiment (experimental details should be omitted) 
UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI  Structure of atoms  Alphaparticle scattering experiment, Bohr model of hydrogen atom, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum 
Nuclei  Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties, radioactive decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion, nuclear reactor  
UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES  Semiconductor electronics  Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators, semiconductor diode – IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator 
Digital electronics  Boolean identities, De Morgan’s laws, logic gates and truth tables, simple digital circuits  
UNIT 20: EXPERIMENTAL SKILLS  Experiments  Familiarity with the basic approach and methodology of finding the value of an unknown quantity based on the given formula and the known quantities 
JEE Main 2025 Chemistry Syllabus
Units  Chapters  Topics 

SECTION A: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY  UNIT 1 – Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry  Matter and its nature, properties of matter and their measurement, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules 
UNIT 2 – Atomic Structure  Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and radiation, de Broglie’s relationship, Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom: concept of energy levels, hydrogen spectrum  
UNIT 3 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure  Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bonding, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond  
UNIT 4 – Chemical Thermodynamics  Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of : bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of thermodynamics (brief introduction). Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium  
UNIT 5 – Solutions  Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult’s law, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van Hoff factor  
UNIT 6 – Equilibrium  Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle. Ionic equilibrium – ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, Henderson Equation, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)  
UNIT 7 – Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry  Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, applications of redox reactions, Electrode potential and its measurement, Nernst equation, relation between Gibbs energy change and electrode potential, electrochemical cells, Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion  
UNIT 8 – Chemical Kinetics  Rate of a reaction, factors affecting the rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and halflife (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment)  
SECTION B: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY  UNIT 9 – Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties  Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 
UNIT 10 – P – Block Elements  Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen – preparation, properties and uses; compounds of nitrogen: preparation and properties of ammonia, nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (Structure only); Phosphorus – allotropic forms, compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only)  
UNIT 11 – d – and f – Block Elements  General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Actinoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids  
UNIT 12 – Coordination Compounds  Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems and in industry)  
SECTION C: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY  UNIT 13 – Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds  Qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Principles of purification – crystallization, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications 
UNIT 14 – Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry  Hybridization, Organic acids and bases, Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond. Electrophiles and nucleophiles, free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electromeric effect, inductive effect, resonance and hyper conjugation  
UNIT 15 – Hydrocarbons  Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis. Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition. Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. Aromatic hydrocarbons – Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution – nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity  
UNIT 16 – Organic Compounds Containing Halogens  General methods of preparation, properties and reactions. Nature of CX bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Uses; environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform  
UNIT 17 – Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen  General methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, identification, electrophilic addition with HX. Alcohols, phenols and ethers – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, identification, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol. Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids – Nomenclature, structure of the carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, Rosenmund reduction, Stephen reaction, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, haloform reaction and tests used to identify aldehydes and ketones. Uses of aldehydes and ketones  
UNIT 18 – Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen  General methods of preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions with special reference to electrophilic substitution. Amines – Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanides – will be mentioned at relevant places. Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry  
UNIT 19 – Biomolecules  Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), DL configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates. Proteins Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Vitamins – Classification and functions. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA  
UNIT 20 – Principles Related to Practical Chemistry  Recrystallization, determination of melting point, boiling point and mixed melting point, TLC, column chromatography, test for carbon, hydrogen, halides, sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus. Lassaigne’s test, sodium fusion test 
How to Prepare for JEE Mains 2025?
JEE Main is one of the toughest engineering entrance exams in India. It has become even more competitive in recent years as more and more students are appearing for the exam. To ensure success, it is important for students to plan their preparation for the JEE Main exam in advance. Here are some of the tips for JEE Main 2025 preparation.
 Start Early: Start your preparation for the JEE Main exam as early as possible. This will give you sufficient time to understand the concepts and practice the questions. It is important to start your preparation soon so that you have enough time to revise the topics and practice the questions.
 Choose the Right Books: Selecting the right books for JEE Main preparation is very important. Choose books that cover the syllabus comprehensively and provide goodquality questions for practice.
 Follow the Syllabus: Make sure you follow the syllabus thoroughly. Make sure you cover all the topics and practice the questions from the syllabus.
 Take Mock Tests and Analyze: Take mock tests regularly and analyze your performance. This will help you identify the areas where you need to focus more and improve your performance.
 Take Timely Breaks: Taking timely breaks is very important for JEE Main preparation. Take a break after every few hours of studying. This will help you to relax and concentrate on the topics better.
 Manage Time Effectively: Time management is an important aspect of JEE Main preparation. Make sure you manage your time effectively so that you can cover all the topics and practice the questions in the given time frame.
 Solve Previous Year Papers: Solving previous year’s papers will give you an idea of the type of questions asked in the exam. It will also help you to identify the topics you need to focus more on.
Books for JEE Mains 2025
Following are the book mentioned below:
Best Physics Books for JEE Mains 2025
Books  Author 
Problems in General Physics  I.E Irodov 
Practice Book Physics for JEE Mains and Advanced  DC Pandey 
Physics for JEE(Mains & Advanced) Vol 1 and 2  Resnick, Halliday, Walker 
Concepts of Physics – Part I  HC Verma 
Concepts of Physics – Part II  HC Verma 
Chemistry Book for JEE Mains 2025
Books  Author 
Concise Inorganic Chemistry  J.D Lee 
GRB Numerical Chemistry  P Bahadur 
Modern Approach to chemical substances  RC Mukherjee 
Concepts of Organic Chemistry  OP Tandon 
Organic Chemistry  Robert T. Morrison and Robert N. Boyd 
Best Maths Books for JEE Mains 2025
Books  Author 
Higher Algebra  Hall and Knight 
Degree Level Differential Calculus  A Das Gupta 
Problems in Calculus of one variable  I.A Maron 
Objective Mathematics for JEE  RD Sharma 
Mathematics for Class 11 and 12  RD Sharma 
IIT Mathematics  ML Khanna 
JEE Main 2025 Counselling
JEE Main counseling procedure is conducted by the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA) for admission to various National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), and other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs). The JEE Main Counselling procedure is the same as that of the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Advanced.
 Registration: The first step in the JEE Main counseling process is registration. Candidates will need to register themselves online on the official website of JoSAA. During the registration process, the candidates must provide their personal details such as name, address, educational qualifications, and other relevant information. After successful registration, the candidates will be given a unique registration number and password.
 Choice Filling: The second step is choice filling. In this step, the candidates will have to choose their preferred institutes and courses. They can choose up to six institutes and courses in the order of their preference. The choices can be changed anytime before the final submission.
 Seat Allocation: The third step of the JEE Main Counselling process is the seat allocation process. In this step, the JoSAA releases a seat allocation list which consists of all the seats allocated to the candidates. The candidates will have to accept or reject the allotted seat in the seat allocation list.
 Document Verification: The fourth step is the document verification process. In this step, the candidates will have to submit all the required documents for verification. The documents that need to be submitted include the original mark sheets, 10th and 12thclass certificates, caste certificates, and other relevant documents.
 Seat Allotment Letter
 Admit card of JEE Advanced
 Proof of Date of Birth: Class X/HSC/Birth Certificate/Any other valid certificate
 Photo Identity Card
 Class XII/SSC/Equivalent Exam Mark sheet and Passing Certificate
 Proof of seat acceptance fee payment
 Two passportsize photographs
 Category Certificate (OBC (NCL)/SC/ST/PwD/DS) issued by the competent authority
 Duly filled Medical Examination Report
 For foreign nationals: Attested photocopy of the passport page containing name, photo, and nationality
 Admission: The fifth and final step of the JEE Main counseling process is the admission process. In this step, the candidates will have to take admitted to the allotted institute. After taking admission, the candidates will have to pay the fees and complete the other formalities.
JEE Main 2025 JOSAA Counselling Procedure – Participating Institutions
Indian Institute of Technology (23 Colleges) 
National Institute of Technology (32 Colleges) 
Indian Institute of Information Technology (26 Colleges) 
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JEE Main 2025 FAQs
What are the dates of JEE Main 2025?
JEE Mains Session 2 examination is scheduled to take place on April 4, 5, 6, 8, and 9, 2025, for Paper I, and on April, 2025, for Paper 2A (B. Arch), Paper 2B (B. Planning), and Papers 2A & 2B (B. Arch & B. Planning).
When will NTA release JEE Main exam city intimation slip for session 2?
NTA has released the JEE Main exam city slip for Session 2 of 2025 on March 28. Candidates can download the JEE Main City Intimation Slip 2025 from the official website jeemain.nta.ac.in. To download the slip, candidates need to log in using their application number and date of birth. The slip contains details of the city where the test center is located and the exam date. The link to download the JEE Main exam city intimation slip for Session 2 of 2025 is now active.
Will JEE 2025 be online or offline?
As per the JEE Mains exam pattern, the exam will be conducted online as a Computer Test.
When will NTA release JEE Main 2025 Session 2 Admit Card?
The NTA has issued the JEE Main Session 2 Admit Card 2025, and the download link is now active on the website jeemain.nta.ac.in. To download the admit card, candidates must log in to the website using their application number and date of birth/password. Upon successful login, candidates can download their admit cards to appear for the exam.