MathsFractionsFractions

Fractions

Table of Contents

  • Introduction to Fractions

– Parts of a Fraction

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    • Proper Fraction
    • Summary
    • Did You Know?
    • What’s Next?

    In the first segment of the lesson Fractions and Decimals, we will learn about the Fractions.

    What are Fractions?

    Fractions are the numbers used to represent smaller pieces of a whole. Let us understand with the help of an example.

    Harish and Haritha bought a pizza together. The pizza was cut into 12 slices. Harish had 7 slices

    out of the 12 slices. So we can say Harish had 7

    12

    of the entire pizza. Haritha ate the remaining 5

    slices out of the 12 slices. So Haritha had 5

    12

    parts of the entire pizza. Here, 7

    12

    and 5

    12

    are known

    as fractions.

    Parts of a fraction

    A fraction is made up of 3 parts:

    1. Vinculum: In a fraction, the horizontal line that separates the upper and lower number is known as the Vinculum.
    2. Numerator: The number above the vinculum is known as the Numerator.
    3. Denominator: The number below the vinculum is known as the Denominator.

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