CBSE Class 7 English Grammar – Pronoun
Definition of Pronoun
A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun and does the work of a noun,
e.g: Ram is a boy. Ram reads in class seventh. Ram is a good athelete.
Ram works hard. Ram obeys his parents. Ram is an ideal student.
Here, A boy Ram has been described and a few of his qualities have been said. But, the repeated use of a noun lets the beauty of writing fade away and hence we need to replace the noun by a pronoun. When we use pronoun in place of the noun then it preserves the beauty of writing.
Ram is a boy. He reads in class seventh. He is a good athelete. He works hard. He obeys his parents. He is an ideal student.
Now, as the pronoun ‘He’ has replaced the noun ‘Ram’ the sentences are very much pleasing to read. Pronoun saves the noun from getting repeated and also beautifies the sentence.
Types of Pronouns
Pronouns that indicate person, thing, animal etc are called personal pronouns.
In English Grammar, there are three types of person
- First Person
The speaker is the first person. I, we, me, us, my, our, mine and ours are pronouns of first person.
- Second Person
The listener is the second person. You, your and yours are the pronouns of second person.
- Third Person
About whom/which the speaker is saying something. He, she, it, they, him, her, them, his, her, its, their are pronouns of third person.
Read the following examples
(i) Goldy wants to talk to you.
(ii) He didn’t his new bicycle.
(iii) The horse was moving its tail.
(iv) Jiya said that the bangle was hers.
(v) Nidhi is has not come today. Do you know where she is.
Pronouns that show an indefinite or an uncertain number of people, person or thing,
- All were hungry.
- None is happy these days.
- Some were very much pleased.
Here, all, none, some are indefinite pronouns because they don’t give any certain idea about the number of person or thing.
These are all, none, some, any, much, more, one, many, other, someone, somebody, anyone, anybody etc.
Pronouns that are used to ask questions are interrogative pronouns.
- What is your name?
- Where is the Taj Mahal situated?
Here, what and where are interrogative pronouns as these words are used to ask a question.
These are who, whom, whose, what, which, where, when, why, how, whence, wherever etc.
Pronouns that are used to join two sentences and reveal the relation with the noun that comes before it.
- I know the man who is a fighter.
- I like the book which has a hologram.
In the above sentences who and which join the two parts of sentence and reveals the relation with the antecedent noun.
Read the following examples
- Sourabh who is a diligent worker is loved by everyone.
- Do you know the girl whom you talked to in the party?
- Nigar whose ring was stolen is my neighbour.
- I have returned the money which I borrowed from her.
- It is only the thirteenth question in KBC which may fetch you seven crores.
Pronouns that are used to show or to indicate some nouns are called demonstrative pronoun,
- This is my house.
- Those are lily flowers.
Pronouns that are used to show the distribution of a noun are called Distributive Pronouns,
- Each soldier has a gun.
- Any of these books will do.
These are none, any, some, each, every, either, neither, no one, everyone, everybody, no body etc.
Pronouns that are made up of two different pronouns and show a mutual relationship are called the Reciprocal Pronouns.
- Raj and Seema love each other.
- Indians love one another.
Pronouns that show the effect of work upon the subject are called Reflexive Pronouns,
- We enjoyed ourselves.
- She praised herself.
When reflexive pronouns are used for the purpose of emphasising it becomes an emphatic pronoun. It is either used just after the subject or in the mid of the sentence,
- I myself will go.
- You yourself can make a way.
Practice Questions and Solutions
In the sentences given below identify the pronoun and state its type.
- She met me on the highways.
- I forgot my purse in the hall.
- Who are you talking to over the phone.
- She lost the book which I gave her.
- Each and every aspect has been discussed.
- She, me – Personal pronoun
- I, my – Personal pronoun
- Who – Interrogative pronoun
You – Personal pronoun
- She, I, her – Personal pronoun
Which – Relative pronoun
- Each, every – Distributive pronoun
Fill in the blanks with suitable possessive pronouns.
- We have done ………….. duty.
- She called ………….. mother yesterday.
- You should keep ………….. house clean.
- I can do ………….. work easily.
- The house has ………….. boundaries decorated.
Fill in the blanks by using suitable interrogative pronoun.
- Do you know ………….. I am?
- In ………….. country does the river Nile flow?
- ………….. are you upset all these days?
- ………….. type of dress would she like?
- ………….. does the bell ring usually?
Fill in the blanks by using suitable relative pronoun.
- He is the man ………….. did all this.
- I know the way ………….. can lead to highway.
- She broke the vase ………….. her dad had gifted.
- I have done the work ………….. will make you happy.
- The man ………….. is a thief has been shot dead.
Choose the correct form of pronoun; from among the four options given before each example; to fill in the blanks.
- Most of the politicians work for …………… own selfish interests.
(a) her (b) their
(c) his (d) themselves
- Do you know ………… name?
(a) him (b) his
(c) himself (d) her
- The boy ………….. you were waiting for is here.
(a) him (b) who
(c) his (d) whom
- You should respect ………….. job and take pride in doing it.
(a) his (b) her
(c) our (d) your
- India is proud of ………….. great, rich culture.
(a) him (b) its
(c) itself (d) their
- ………….. aim is to eradicate corruption from the world.
(a) I (b) Mine
(c) Our (d) Theirs
- They will find out their way by …………..
(a) you (b) them
(c) himself (d) themselves
- Angiosperms are the plants ………….. bear flowers and produce fruits.
(a) which (b) who
(c) whose (d) whom
- He knows ………….. duties as well as rights very well.
(a) him (b) theirs
(c) his (d) himself
- We must value …………. great heritage.
(a) our (b) ourselves
(c) us (d) ourself
- (b) their
- (b) his
- (d) whom
- (d) your
- (b) its
- (c) Our
- (d) themselves
- (a) which
- (c) his
- (a) our
There are two blanks in each of the following examples. Four pair of options have been provided in each example. Pick the correct pair to form meaningful sentences.
- God helps ………….. who helps ………….
- I don’t know ……… name but I know ………….
(a) your/her (b) her/your
(c) yourself/himself (d) your/hers
- Why doesn’t ………… take .…………. medicine on time?
(a) you/your (b) she/her
(c) they/their (d) he/him
- …………. brain, sometimes doesn’t follow …………….. orders.
(a) My/my (b) l/my
(c) My/mine (d) My/me
- Anurag …………. participates in the games though ………….. coaches junior players too.
(a) him/he (b) his/himself
(c) himself/he (d) himself/him
- (d) him/himself
- (d) your, hers
- (b) she/her
- (a) my/my
- (c) himself/he
Rewrite the following sentences replacing all the nouns (personal) with suitable pronouns.
- Plato was the greatest disciple of Socrates.
- The man gave some instructions to the woman.
- Why don’t people understand this?
- Shourya tried to recollect the girl’s name.
- The old man took the boy in his arms.
- He was the greatest disciple of his.
- He gave some instructions to her.
- Why don’t they understand this?
- He tried to recollect her name.
- He took him in his arms.