Aliphatic Compound Fully Explained by Infinity Learn
Aliphatic Compound – Meaning: An aliphatic compound is a molecule that comprises only carbon and hydrogen atoms. These compounds are generally non-polar, meaning that the electrons in the molecule are evenly distributed between the two atoms. This results in a molecule that is relatively non-reactive and stable. Aliphatic compounds are found in a variety of natural and synthetic products, including fuels, plastics, and lubricants.
What is Aliphatic Hydrocarbon?
Aliphatic hydrocarbons are organic compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen. They are typically found in gaseous or liquid form, and are often used as fuels or solvents. Some of the most common aliphatic hydrocarbons include methane, ethane, propane, and butane.
Tests to Identify Aromatic and Aliphatic Compounds
There are a number of tests that can be used to identify aromatic and aliphatic compounds. One common test is to measure the boiling point of a compound. Aromatic compounds have a higher boiling point than aliphatic compounds. Another test is to measure the solubility of a compound. Aromatic compounds are more soluble in organic solvents than aliphatic compounds. A third test is to measure the reactivity of a compound. Aromatic compounds are more reactive than aliphatic compounds.
Difference between Aromatic and Aliphatic Compounds
- Aromatic compounds are cyclic hydrocarbons that have a special stability due to their delocalized pi electrons. Aliphatic compounds are linear or branched hydrocarbons that do not have the special stability of aromatic compounds.
- Aromatic and aliphatic compounds are two types of organic molecules. Aliphatic compounds are made up of straight-chain carbon atoms, while aromatic compounds have a ring of carbon atoms. Aromatic compounds are often more stable than aliphatic compounds, and they are more likely to dissolve in water. Aliphatic compounds are more likely to dissolve in solvents like alcohol or ether. Aromatic compounds often have a stronger smell than aliphatic compounds.
Steps to Determine the More Reactive Compound
- The more reactive compound is the one that is more likely to undergo a chemical reaction. In order to determine which compound is more reactive, you can look at the reactivity series.
- The reactivity series is a list of compounds in order from the most reactive to the least reactive. The most reactive compound is at the top of the list, and the least reactive compound is at the bottom.
- The reactivity series is based on the ability of a compound to donate electrons. The more reactive compound is the one that is more likely to donate electrons, and the less reactive compound is the one that is less likely to donate electrons.
Most Reactive Metal
- Gold is the most reactive metal. It is a good conductor of electricity and is very soft.
- There are many metals that are considered reactive, but the most reactive metal is lithium.
- Lithium is highly reactive because it is the lightest metal and it has a very low ionization energy.
- This means that it takes very little energy to strip lithium of its electrons, which makes it very reactive. Other reactive metals include sodium, potassium, and calcium.