EnglishEssayEssay on AIDS for School/College Students and Others in Simple language

Essay on AIDS for School/College Students and Others in Simple language

Essay on AIDS for School/College Students: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is a syndrome that, as the name suggests, weakens the body’s immune system. The infection is caused by a virus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV and is transmitted through unprotected sex, use of needles already exposed to the virus, transfusion of unscreened blood and through gestation from an infected mother to her child. Below you will find essays on AIDS, its causes, symptoms, treatments and prevention. These essays are of different lengths and should prove useful in your exams. Choose the essay {you need} as per your requirement.

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    Long and Short Essay on AIDS in English

    There are tiny organisms like bacteria, viruses, and fungi that can cause different sicknesses. How bad you feel when you’re sick depends on which tiny organism is making you sick. Sometimes it’s not too bad, but other times it can make you very sick. AIDS, short for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is a kind of sickness caused by a virus. It’s been spreading a lot and was really dangerous in the last century, causing the deaths of about twenty million people around the world. Nowadays, more people know about this sickness and the virus called HIV, which causes it. Let’s learn some important things about HIV/AIDS and clear up some wrong ideas

    AIDS Full Form

    AIDS is short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It’s an illness that weakens the body’s defense system, making it hard to fight off some infections and cancers.

    Essay on AIDS in 350 words

    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is a pervasive disease that is caused by HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus attacking the immune system of the human body. It has no known cure although there are medicines to slow down or completely inhibit the virus spread. Since one of the main methods of transfer of the virus is through unprotected sex, AIDS also carries with it a stigma that ensures that society didn’t discuss it openly for a long time.

    Unfortunately, this taboo meant that not enough information shared about how the disease spread, since most people were wary of talking about it. Combine the lack of a cure with this lack of information in public forums and you get a pandemic that has resulted in over 28.9 million deaths.

    Importance of Awareness

    There is only one way to fight the spread of AIDS and that is through creating awareness. Ignorance of is the causes and methods of transfer of HIV and it only makes a bad situation fully worse. It is imperative, therefore, that people be made aware of what AIDS is, how it spreads and what can done to prevent infection.

    Governments and non-profit organizations have instituted various programs not only to do health check-ups but also to dispel the prejudice that attaches itself to this disease and those who suffer from it. Awareness programs have spread information about HIV and how to prevent it for years now and their efforts have borne fruit. The results speak for themselves. The percentage of people with HIV has reduced considerably.

    So that people do not become complacent and forget that AIDS is still very much a player in the deadly diseases field various awareness initiatives have undertaken, the most prominent of which is World AIDS Day – a day when people show their solidarity with those who afflicted with this disease and remember those who were struck down by it. Other initiatives target vulnerable people and communities so that they fully informed and able to prevent the disease from spreading.


    While new therapies can help in controlling HIV from spreading all over the body, awareness is the key to actually prevent AIDS from spreading across populations. It also helps to remind one that while the pandemic is under control now it is by no means gone and carelessness or apathy will definitely ensure that it comes roaring back.

    Essay on AIDS in 400 words

    AIDS has ended up taking well over 28.9 million lives in the years since the disease was first discovered. Thanks to various myths and misconceptions about the syndrome, the virus spread like wildfire and infected millions of people before it could contained. The fact that it attacks white blood cells thereby weakening immunity is what makes it so deadly, since it undermines the human body’s defence and leaves people who are HIV positive at massive risk.

    Thanks to concerted efforts by governments across the world, advancements in medicine and awareness campaigns, the number of HIV positive people has reduced. However, no cure for the disease has found yet. There are treatments available but they can only inhibit the virus; they can’t eliminate it from the body entirely. In these circumstances, it becomes imperative that we focus on prevention to get to the root of the problem.

    Preventative Measures

    In order to prevent AIDS from spreading, we need to first know how it spreads. There are three main ways in which HIV can move around from one person to another – unprotected sexual intercourse with an HIV positive partner, transfer of HIV from mother to child, either during pregnancy or during breast feeding, transfusion of blood and needle sharing amongst drug users. Therefore, any preventative measures need to take these factors into account. Some things that one can do to protect themselves are:

    Preventive Measures for AIDS

    • Know your partner’s status

    Both you and your partner should get regularly tested for HIV. Many health centres in different countries offer testing kits. If you are hesitant to visit a doctor, you can get one these kits and determine your partner’s and your health status.

    • Practice safe sex

    Since one of the major reasons for the massive spread of the virus unprotected sex, it is absolutely imperative that you practice safe sex. Condoms are a must. In addition, it is best to restrict the number of partners you have sex with. The more people you have sex the greater chance of you contracting HIV or other STDs

    • Test regularly

    Ensure that you and your partner go for periodic and regular check-ups, not only for AIDS but also for other STDs. Having an STD greatly enhances your risk of contracting AIDS

    • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

    Talk to a doctor or health care provider about post-exposure prophylaxis. This reduces the chance of HIV infection in its early stages. It must taken within three days of exposure to HIV.


    Since there is no cure for AIDS at the moment, prevention is definitely better than cure in the case of this disease. Some simple preventative measures can ensure that the spread of the virus limited if not completely halted.

    Essay on AIDS in 450 words

    The fact that India has the world’s second-largest population is part of the reason that India has the world’s third largest HIV epidemic. In terms of percentage, this statistic is around 0.3 percent, which might not seem too large. However, when this statistic converted to actual numbers it becomes 2.1 million people who are HIV positive. This number is as per data collected by UNAIDS for the year 2016. AIDS-related causes killed 62,000 people in the same year.

    At Risk Demographics

    The most at-risk sections of the population are sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs and transgender people. These are some of the most vulnerable groups in society since most of them are subject to discrimination and stigma. That discrimination makes it difficult, if not outright impossible, for them to access healthcare. Add to this the fact that activities associated with sex work such as running a brothel are illegal, gay and bisexual men face social stigma if they come out, drug addicts are generally reviled and transgender people looked down upon and you have the perfect combination of circumstances that breed an epidemic.

    Prevention and Treatment Efforts

    Fortunately, there has been a concerted drive by the UN, the Indian government and various non-profits organizations to reduce the risk that these sections of the populace face. The number of AIDS testing and counselling sites has gone from only 67 in 1997 to 20,000 in 2016. In addition, HIV awareness campaigns have ramped up and testing and treatment have made free. Thanks to these and other measures, the number of people living with HIV has actually gone down from 5.1 million in 2003 to 2.1 million in 2016.

    New Challenges

    While the measures put in place have helped in controlling the epidemic, India cannot rest on its laurels. States with larger populations such as Bihar, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan have recently reported infection in new pockets. India needs to expand its policies to reduce harm and to decriminalize homosexuality and drug use so that these sections of society can have access to care and treatment without fear of repercussions.


    We must take care of our health and our health status should checked out periodically to remain away from this deadly disease. We should also motivate and suggest others to do the same. This disease cannot eradicated from the society; so, we must focus on its prevention.

    Essay on World AIDS Day in 500 words

    AIDS is a public health issue, perhaps the most important such issue in recorded history. Although the AIDS pandemic reached its peak in 2005 and has declined since, there are still around 37 million people worldwide who are HIV positive. Moreover, as of 2017, AIDS has been responsible for the deaths of 28.9 million to 41.5 million people around the world. Raising awareness about this disease is absolutely vital. This is why the WHO has marked the World AIDS Day as one of eight official global campaigns.

    What is World AIDS Day?

    1st December is the day designated as World AIDS Day, an international day that meant to spread awareness about AIDS. However, this is not the only reason this day is celebrated. It also allows people who aren’t HIV positive to support and ally with those people who are. It is also a day when those who eventually succumbed to the disease commemorated. The first ever day dedicated to a global public health issue.

    Importance of World AIDS Day

    There is no denying the fact that the spread of AIDS isn’t as rampant as it once was. Thanks to awareness campaigns, scientific advances and new treatments we can understand and combat the disease better. However, there is no avoiding the fact that nearly 37 million people are living with this disease and new pockets of infection discovered every day. Moreover, people with AIDS are still subjected to discrimination and live in fear of the stigma that the disease carries with it. Therefore, it becomes very important to remind everyone that AIDS is still very much out there; the government and public must continue to spread awareness, raise funds and combat the prejudice and discrimination that people who are HIV positive face. This is why World AIDS Day is celebrated annually as a reminder that AIDS hasn’t gone away.

    What to do on World AIDS Day/Activities

    On World AIDS Day, we need to show our support for those who are living with this disease and those who have been struck down by it. One of the most common ways to show solidarity is to wear the HIV Awareness red ribbon. These ribbons can be found in packs of 100 at the online store of the National AIDS Trust or NAT. The order is free but those who buy the packs must show that they will use the ribbons for fundraising. The Trust also sells red ribbon brooches from the online store. Another way to show support is to either organize or participate in World AIDS Day events.


    While the AIDS pandemic has been contained to a certain degree, the disease has still not eradicated. Until that goal is reached, World AIDS Day needs to continue so that people don’t labour under the misconception that this deadly disease is gone; instead there is awareness about the disease, its prevention and its treatment.

    Long Essay on HIV/AIDS in 800 words

    The AIDS pandemic that, at one time, threatened to spread like wildfire throughout the world’s populations has been checked to some extent. Thanks to determined campaigns worldwide, more people are becoming aware of AIDS – not only how deadly it is but also what causes it and how to treat it. The more information we have, the better we can fight. Therefore, it becomes vital that we know as much as we can about this syndrome to help stop its spread.

    Causes of AIDS/HIV

    AIDS is caused by HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a retrovirus, which means that it replicates by inserting a DNA copy of its genome into host cells. In this case, the host cells are white blood cells known as T-helper cells or CD4 cells, which are part of the immune system. HIV destroys these cells and makes copies of itself, thereby, weakening the human immune system. In practical terms, it lowers our ability to fight off diseases over time. This doesn’t mean that every person who is HIV positive has AIDS. However, if treatment not made available in time, someone who is HIV positive can develop AIDS.

    Transmission of AIDS/HIV

    HIV can transferred in one of three ways:

    • Blood

    HIV can passed on through blood transfusion, although this is fairly uncommon these days. Most developed countries have strict screening processes in place to ensure that the blood being transfused not infected. However, there is another way for blood to pass from one person to another and that is through sharing needles as many drug users often do. If these needles are shared by someone who is HIV positive, the virus will be transferred to the person they’re sharing with.

    • Perinatal

    If an expectant mother or new mother is HIV positive, she can pass on the virus to her child. This can happen during the pregnancy, during childbirth or, later, during breast feeding.

    • Sexual transmission

    HIV can transferred through the sharing of bodily fluids during sex. These fluids include genital, rectal and oral fluids. This means that without the protection of a condom, the virus can transmitted through oral, anal or vaginal sex. It can also happen if sex toys shared with someone who is HIV positive.

    Symptoms of AIDS/HIV

    HIV doesn’t always have readily identifiable symptoms. However, certain symptoms can show up depending upon how far it has progressed in the body.

    • Early symptoms

    Not everyone shows signs of being HIV positive at this stage. Nevertheless, approximately 80 percent of people who are HIV positive do show symptoms not unlike those of the flu. These symptoms generally include chills, fever, muscle aches, joint pain, night sweats, sore throat, red rash, enlarged glands, weakness, fatigue, thrush and weight loss. However, these symptoms also show up when the body is fighting of other viral infections. Therefore, people who have recently at risk of contracting HIV should get tested immediately.

    • Asymptomatic HIV

    After the symptoms of the early stage run their course, HIV positive people may not see other symptoms for months or even years. This doesn’t mean that the virus is dormant. This is the time when the virus is busy attacking the CD4 cells and weakening the immune system. Without proper medication, this process goes on even though the person will not show any symptoms.

    • Late-stage symptoms

    At this stage, the virus has already significantly weakened the immune system, leaving the person vulnerable to several infections ranging from mild to serious. This is the stage that referred to as AIDS. Symptoms at this stage may include chronic diarrhoea, blurred vision, fever that lasts for weeks, dry cough, constant fatigue, night sweats, glands that swollen for weeks, dyspnea or shortness of breath, white spots on mouth and tongue and weight loss.

    Once the disease has progressed to the stage where it is more or less full blown AIDS, a patient becomes much more vulnerable to various other diseases such as tuberculosis.

    Treatment of AIDS or HIV

    There is no cure for AIDS or HIV at the moment. Since HIV is a retrovirus that replicates by replacing the host cell’s DNA with copies of its own DNA, the best way to contain its spread is ART or antiretroviral therapy. This is a drug therapy that prevents the virus from replicating, thereby slowing or stopping its progress. It is best to start the treatment in the early stages of infection so that the immune system not significantly affected. At later stages, this treatment can combined with drugs that treat secondary diseases the patient may have contracted due to lowered immunity.


    Being diagnosed as HIV positive not an easy thing to handle. However, with the treatments now available to rein in the spread of the disease, patients suffering from HIV can still lead long, healthy and productive lives.

    Essay on AIDS in 850 Words

    AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome a disease caused by the infection of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The virus attacks the immune system of body, reducing its ability to combat other diseases. Thus, the person with HIV is more susceptible to getting other diseases and has to continuously kept under medication, to maintain body’s immunity.

    During the initial one decade after its discovery in 1981, the disease had claimed nearly thirty million lives globally. Thanks to the advancements in medical technology and medicines, today anyone tested positive of HIV could lead a normal life under ongoing medication.

    AIDS – 4H Disease

    One of the lesser known facts about AIDS is that during its initial years, the disease was called 4H Disease, as it appeared to affect homosexuals, Haitians (residents of Haiti, a Caribbean country), heroin users and hemophiliacs.

    AIDS – History and Origin

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) first originated in non human primates in central and west Africa. The most severe strain of virus called HIV-1 discovered in as early as 1920 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    Scientists estimated that the transfer of virus from primates to humans might have occurred during the late 19th or early 20th century, a period of fast urbanization in equatorial Africa.

    During the 1970s a mysteriously suppressed immune system was causing many deaths in USA, but it was only in 1981 that America’s Centre for Disease Control officially recognized the AIDS infection in a woman.

    Symptoms of AIDS

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus attacks White Blood Cells, also called CD4 Cells, which is a subtype of white blood cells, called the T Cells. These cells are responsible for body’s immunity and when their strength compromised, it results in a reduced immunity leaving the infected vulnerable to any other disease or infection. The symptoms of disease, however, may take years to appear, differing from person to person.

    Some of the common symptoms of AIDS or HIV infection are fever, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes or immune system glands, weight loss, diarrhea, oral yeast infection and herpes zoster.

    Since the infection wakens the immune system, the infected is most likely to develop a series of infections not found in a non infected person like persistent fever, night sweating, and lesions in tongue or mouth and skin rashes.

    Causes of AIDS

    Research has established that AIDS caused by two viruses, namely HIV-1 and HIV-2, belonging to a family of viruses called retrovirus and have the capacity to infect a person for the rest of that person’s life.

    The virus attacks the white blood cells compromising the body’s immune system and making it more susceptible to other diseases.

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus – 1 or HIV-1

    The HIV-1 virus most predominantly found in most parts of the world and is most virulent of the two viruses. The virus adopts a distinctive modus operandi – it attacks the most significant immune cells in your body, the CD4 cells, uses them to reproduce and then destroys them.

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus – 2 or HIV-2

    The HIV-2 virus is prevalent mostly in the parts of western Africa; though, regular cases have reported from Europe, United States and India. This type of virus also affects the CD4 cells; however, the diagnosis may differ from the HIV-1 virus, due to the viruses’ drug resistance capacities.

    How HIV/AIDS Spreads

    HIV can only transmitted through unprotected sex and if the infected blood somehow finds its way into your body. There are several ways that could lead to the spread of virus from one infected person to other, as given below.

    1) Unprotected Sex

    HIV virus can spread from an infected person to a healthy individual, if they exchanged sexual fluids during an unprotected sexual intercourse. The virus could easily find its way into your blood through small sores, tears or wounds in your mouth or private parts, during such activity.

    2) Unsafe Blood Transfusion

    If any medical practitioner or hospital transmits blood from one person to other, without properly screening the blood; poses a risk of the spread of HIV virus. Any blood collected from the donor, must be verified for the presence of HIV and other viruses, before transfusing to the donor.

    3) By Sharing Unsafe Needles

    Sharing infected needle might result in transmission of the virus. Use of such contaminated needles not only poses the high risk of HIV contamination, but also other diseases such as hepatitis and septicemia.

    4) During Pregnancy/Delivery or Breast Feeding

    An infected mother can pass on the virus to her baby during pregnancy or during delivery or even during breast feeding; however, the risk of infection considerably lowered if the mother gets appropriate treatment for AIDS during pregnancy.


    Due to the extensive use of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) (HIV medicines) and raised level of awareness about the disease, much less adults and children getting infected and dying, than in the past decades. The death toll has reduced considerably, by 54% than in 2004. However, there is no room to relax and the fight against AIDS must not lose its momentum.

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    Essay on AIDS FAQs

    What is AIDS in a short paragraph?

    AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a serious condition caused by the HIV virus. It weakens the body's immune system, making it hard to fight off infections and illnesses.

    What are AIDS notes?

    AIDS notes typically summarize key points about Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, including its causes, symptoms, and impact on health.

    How do you explain AIDS?

    AIDS is a disease that damages the immune system, making it tough for the body to defend against infections, eventually leading to severe health problems.

    How does HIV affect a person's daily life?

    HIV can impact daily life by weakening the immune system, making someone more prone to illnesses and infections, altering their health routines and requiring medication management.

    What is the cause of AIDS?

    AIDS is caused by the HIV virus, which attacks and damages the body's immune system, making it vulnerable to various infections and health complications.

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