NEET ExamUpdated NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024, Revised NEET Subject Wise Syllabus

Updated NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024, Revised NEET Subject Wise Syllabus

NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024: Preparing for the NEET 2024 Chemistry exam requires a well-organized approach and a good grasp of the NEET Chemistry Syllabus. To kickstart your chemistry NEET preparations, it’s important to know how the questions are distributed among the three sections: organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, and physical chemistry.

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    While the numbers we provide here are based on past exams, they give you a general idea of how the questions are divided. To excel in NEET 2024 Chemistry, it’s crucial to give equal attention and time to each topic. Understanding the weightage of different topics will help you manage your study time effectively and prioritize your focus accordingly.

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024

    By following a comprehensive study plan that covers all aspects of the NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024, you can increase your chances of achieving a perfect score in the NEET Chemistry exam.

    Updated NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024

    The NEET Chemistry Syllabus for 2024 has been updated, and there are some important changes. About 10 units from the previous syllabus have been removed. This means that students who are preparing for NEET 2024 need to make sure they are aware of these changes. The syllabus includes topics from both Class 11 and Class 12, so students need to have a good understanding of all the topics to prepare well for NEET 2024.

    The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the NEET 2024 exam based on this new syllabus. While the official release of the syllabus is set for December 2023, it’s expected that there won’t be many changes to it. So, students can start their preparations early by using the existing syllabus. If there are any major or minor changes to the syllabus, the NTA NEET website will provide updates.

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024

    Class 11 and Class 12 chapters are equally important for NEET preparation. Typically, about 50-52% of the questions come from Class 12 topics, while roughly 48-50% are based on Class 11 subjects. To plan your studies effectively, it’s useful to consider the weightage given to each chapter, which can be found in the available data.

    When getting ready for NEET Chemistry, it’s crucial to cover the entire NEET Chemistry Syllabus, including relevant chapters from Class 11 and Class 12. The inorganic chemistry part of the syllabus deals with the structure and properties of atoms, molecules, and molecular bonds. Similarly, organic chemistry covers concepts like chemical naming and related aspects.

    By understanding the importance of each chapter and the distribution of questions from Class 11 and Class 12, you can create a personalized study plan that focuses more on the areas with higher weightage. This approach helps you manage your study time efficiently and ensures comprehensive coverage of the NEET Chemistry Syllabus.

    The NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024 is divided into three main categories:

    1. Inorganic chemistry: This part focuses on the properties and structure of atoms, molecules, and molecular bonds. Inorganic chemistry typically makes up about 38% of the Chemistry Syllabus questions in the NEET exam.
    2. Physical chemistry: This section includes various topics and involves solving numerical problems. It accounts for roughly 32% of the total chemistry questions in the NEET exam.
    3. Organic chemistry: Another important component of the Chemistry Syllabus, it deals with chemical naming and related concepts, comprising approximately 30% of the total questions.

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024 For Class 11

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus for class 11
    Chapter Name Subtopics
    Unit 1 – Some basic concepts of Chemistry General Introduction – Importance and Scope of chemistry

    Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: the concept of elements, atoms and molecules

    Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry

    Unit 2 – Structure of Atom Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals
    Unit 3 – Classification of elements and periodicity in properties Modern periodic law and long term form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements – atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, election gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence
    Unit 4 – Chemical Bonding and molecular structure Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bond
    Unit 5 – States of matter – Gases and Liquids Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas of elucidating the concept of molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature

    Liquid state – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)

    Unit 6 – Thermodynamics First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution

    Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.

    Third law of thermodynamics – Brief introduction

    Unit 7 – Equllibrium Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium – ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts(elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)
    Unit 8 – Redox reactions Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers
    Unit 9 – Hydrogen Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure
    Unit 10 – s-Block elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals) Group 1 and group 2 elements:

    General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses

    Preparation and properties of some important compounds

    Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium

    Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca

    Unit 11 – Some p-block elements General introduction to p-Block elements

    Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies

    General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides

    Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses

    Unit 12 – Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques


    General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis

    Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds

    Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation

    Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions

    Unit 13 – Hydrocarbons Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis

    Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond(ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition

    Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water

    Aromatic hydrocarbons – introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, Benzene; resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution – Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity

    Unit 14 – Environmental Chemistry Environmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024 For Class 12

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus for class 12
    Chapter Name Subtopics
    Unit 1 – Solid state Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators
    Unit 2 – Solutions Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor
    Unit 3 – Electrochemistry Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry-cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion
    Unit 4 – Chemical Kinetics Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life(only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory(elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation
    Unit 5 – Surface Chemistry Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions – types of emulsions
    Unit 6 – General principles and processes of isolation of elements Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron
    Unit 7 – p-Block elements Group 15 elements – general introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen(Structure only); Phosphorous-allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorus: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCl3, PCl5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only)

    Group 16 elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides, ozone. Sulphur – allotropic forms, compounds of sulphur: preparation, properties and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only)

    Group 17 elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structure only)

    Group 18 elements – General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses

    Unit 8 – d and f Block elements General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4

    Lanthanoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences

    Actinoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids

    Unit 9 – Coordination Compounds Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds(in qualitative analysis, biological systems).
    Unit 10 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation

    Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)

    Uses and environment effects of – dichloromethane, tri chloromethane, tetra chloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT

    Unit 11 – Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Alcohols – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol

    Phenol – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols

    Ethers – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.

    Unit 12 – Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids Aldehydes and Ketones – Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.

    Carboxylic acids: nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses

    Unit 13 – Organic compounds containing Nitrogen Amines – nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary, and tertiary amines

    Cyanides and Isocyanides – will be mentioned at relevant places

    Diazonium salts – preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry

    Unit 14 – Biomolecules Carbohydrates – classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (Starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance

    Proteins – elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.

    Hormones – Elementary idea (excluding structure)

    Vitamins – classification and function

    Nucleic acids – DNA and RNA

    Unit 15 – Polymers Classification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, Bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers
    Unit 16 – Chemistry in Everyday life Chemicals in medicines – analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

    Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants

    Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024: By NTA

    The National Testing Agency (NTA) has provided an official list of Chemistry topics and subtopics that will be covered in the NEET 2024 exam.

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024 by NTA
    Class XI Chapter
    1 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
    2 Structure of Atom
    3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
    4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
    5 States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
    6 Thermodynamics
    7 Equilibrium
    8 Redox Reactions
    9 Hydrogen
    10 s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)
    11 Some p-Block Elements
    12 Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques
    13 Hydrocarbons
    14 Environmental Chemistry
    15 Solid State
    Class XII Chapter
    1 Solutions
    2 Electrochemistry
    3 Chemical Kinetics
    4 Surface Chemistry
    5 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
    6 p-Block Elements
    7 d and f Block Elements
    8 Coordination Compounds
    9 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
    10 Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
    11 Organic Chemistry: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
    12 Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
    13 Biomolecules
    14 Polymers
    15 Chemistry in Everyday Life

    NEET Physical Chemistry Class Wise Weightage

    Take a look at the table showing the NEET Physical Chemistry syllabus below to understand what’s covered in the NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024.

    Class XI – Physical Chemistry – 17%
    Class XI Chapters Average Number of Questions Chapter-wise Weightage
    Mole Concept 2 5%
    Atomic Structure & Nuclear Chemistry 1 3%
    Gaseous State 1 3%
    Thermodynamics & Thermochemistry 1 3%
    Chemical Equilibrium 1 3%
    Ionic Equilibrium 2 4%
    Redox Reactions 1 2%
    Class XII – Physical Chemistry – 15%
    Solid State 1 3%
    Solutions & Colligative Properties 2 4%
    Electrochemistry 1 3%
    Chemical Kinetics 2 4%
    Surface Chemistry 1 2%

    NEET Organic Chemistry Class Wise Weightage

    Take a look at the table showing the NEET Organic Chemistry syllabus below to understand what’s covered in the NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024.

    Class XI – Organic Chemistry – 8%
    NEET syllabus No Of Question Chapter-wise Weightage in %
    Hydrocarbons 2 4%
    General Organic Chemistry 2 5%
    Class XII – Organic Chemistry – 26%
    Haloalkane 1 2%
    Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids 2 3%
    Polymer 1 2%
    Alcohol, Phenol, Alkyl Halide 2 4%
    Aromatic Compounds 3 6%
    Biomolecules 2 4%
    Carbonyl Compounds 2 4%
    Organic Compounds comprising Nitrogen 2 3%
    Chemistry in Everyday Life 2 3%
    Environmental Chemistry 1 2%
    IUPAC & Isomerism 2 4%
    Practical Organic Chemistry 1 2%

    NEET Inorganic Chemistry Class Wise Weightage

    Take a look at the table showing the NEET Inorganic Chemistry syllabus below to understand what’s covered in the NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024.

    Class XI – Inorganic Chemistry – 22%
    NEET syllabus No Of Question Chapter-wise Weightage in %
    Chemical Bonding 4 9%
    P-Block Elements 3 7%
    Periodic Table & Periodicity in Properties 2 4%
    Hydrogen 1 2%
    S-Block Elements 1 3%
    Class XII – Inorganic Chemistry – 12%
    Coordination Compounds 3 6%
    D and F-Block Elements 2 4%
    Metallurgy 1 2%
    Qualitative Analysis 1 2%

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024: Preparation Tips

    Before you get ready for any exam, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the NEET Syllabus and get organized. The chemistry portion of the syllabus is quite extensive, so it’s a smart move to begin your preparations well in advance. Here are some valuable tips to assist you:

    1. Start by studying using NCERT for better comprehension.
    2. Create a well-structured study timetable and stick to it. Make sure to allocate time for revisions.
    3. Review previous years’ NEET question papers to understand the question patterns.
    4. Regularly take NEET mock tests to improve your speed and accuracy.
    5. If you have any doubts, don’t hesitate to seek guidance from your teachers. Also, consider using the NEET books recommended by high-scoring students.

    NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024: Study Materials Required

    To succeed in this exam, the most crucial resource you need is the NCERT Textbooks. Almost 95% of the Chemistry questions come from these books each year. So, before you dive into any other study material, make sure you thoroughly understand the concepts in the Class 11 and 12 NCERT textbooks.

    Specifically, for physical chemistry, you’ll encounter numerous numerical problems. It’s essential to tackle all the problems in the textbooks and practice them to reinforce your preparation. Meanwhile, organic and inorganic chemistry relies heavily on theoretical concepts and chemical reactions.

    To further enhance your chances of success, solve previous years’ question papers and analyze the types of questions they contain. Combining these question papers with the NCERT textbooks should be enough to crack the NEET exam.

    If you ever need extra help with solving textbook problems, consider referring to these books:

    • “Problems in Inorganic Chemistry” by V.K. Jaiswal
    • “Elementary Problems in Organic Chemistry” by M.S. Chouhan
    • “Problems in Physical Chemistry” by Narendra Awasthi

    Try to integrate these additional resources into your study routine.

    In terms of statistics, NEET 2021 saw 15,44,275 students taking the exam, with 8,70,075 of them qualifying. This results in an approximate qualification rate of 56%. It’s worth noting that the National Testing Agency (NTA) allows students to attempt NEET as many times as they wish. So, stay positive and work diligently until you achieve your goals.

    FAQs on NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024

    What is the NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024?

    The NEET Chemistry Syllabus for 2024 includes topics from Class 11 and Class 12. It covers inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, and organic chemistry. You can find the detailed syllabus in the provided information.

    How are the questions distributed in chemistry sections in NEET 2024?

    Typically, the distribution of questions in NEET Chemistry is approximately 38% for inorganic chemistry, 32% for physical chemistry, and 30% for organic chemistry. This distribution may vary slightly from year to year.

    What is the weightage of Class 11 and Class 12 topics in NEET Chemistry?

    In NEET Chemistry, about 50-52% of the questions come from Class 12 topics, while roughly 48-50% are based on Class 11 subjects.

    How can I prepare effectively for NEET Chemistry 2024?

    To prepare effectively, start by studying the NCERT textbooks thoroughly. Create a structured study timetable, review previous years' question papers, and take mock tests. Seek guidance from teachers if you have doubts, and consider using recommended NEET preparation books

    What are the recommended books for NEET Chemistry preparation?

    In addition to NCERT textbooks, you can refer to the following books for extra practice: 'Problems in Inorganic Chemistry' by V.K. Jaiswal 'Elementary Problems in Organic Chemistry' by M.S. Chouhan 'Problems in Physical Chemistry' by Narendra Awasthi

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