Study MaterialsCBSE NotesAP SSC 10th class Social Studies 2 Model paper 2015-16 English Medium Set 5

AP SSC 10th class Social Studies 2 Model paper 2015-16 English Medium Set 5

AP SSC 10th class Social Studies 2 Model paper 2015-16 English Medium Set 5

SECTION-I

GROUP – A
1. If one country takes an aggressive stance against another country, should the other country also respond aggressively? Can there be other ways of handling the problem ?
2. Read the paragraph and interpret it.
Aggressive nationalism
The ideology of nationalism was a positive impulse. It was the foundation of modern nation states and the force behind the unification of Germany and Italy. But this ideology could also be used to create pride in one self and hatred against neighbours. This hatred was slowly building up in the 19th century between the states of Europe.
3. Read the paragraph and answer the questions that follow.
The British were desperate with the Indian people revolting against their rule. They looked for ways to punish the Congress and weaken its hold over the people. The British actively raised doubts about the right of the Congress to represent the people of the country. Now, they followed the ‘Divide and Rule Policy’ more vigorously.
1. Why were the British desperate ?
2. Why did the British question the right of the Congress
4. Observe the given map and answer the questions that follow
ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-4q
a) Identify one Asian, one African colony of Britain.
b) Identify one Asian, one African colony of Holland.

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    GROUP -B
    5. In what ways was the Emergency period a setback to the Indian democracy ?
    6. Explain the terms bipolarity and unipolarity.
    7. ‘The second half of the 20th century was an era of growth, prosperity and growing
    tensions’ – Comment.
    8. Read the following paragraph and answer the given questions.
    Indira Gandhi took up the challenge both from within her party as well those outside by taking a sharp left turn post the 1967 elections. She attempted to create a new social base of her own and for her party by identifying with the poor and downtrodden. This move was a double edged weapon. Old promises of social and economic development were yet to be fulfilled and this was seen to be the major reason for the Congress defeat in 1967. Yet, Indira was making new promises. Less than a decade later, the lack of fulfilment of rising mass expectations created frustration and disheartenment and culminated with the imposition of Emergency.
    1) What did Indira Gandhi attempt ?
    2) What happened less than a decade later ?

    SECTION-II

    9. The Constitution of India begins with the statement, “We the people of India…”. Do you think this claim to represent all the people of India was justified ?
    10. What enabled Indian politics to develop a multiparty democracy ?
    11. What was called the ‘Zionist Movement1 ?
    12. Prepare a few slogans on the prevention of wars and promotion of peace.
    13. What were the criticisms raised against communist system in the USSR?
    14. Why did the fall in price rice lead to the rise of rural indebtedness ?

    SECTION – III

    GROUP – A
    15. In what ways were Jews persecuted during the Nazi Germany ? Do you think in every country some people are differentiated because of their identity ?
    16. What are the challenges faced by the independent Nigerian nation ? In what ways is it similar or different from the challenges faced by Independent India ?
    17. How was the French education system in Vietnam ?
    18. Integration of various princely states into the new Indian nation was a challenging task. Discuss.

    GROUP -B
    19. How does the constitution reflect the political events of the time ?
    20. While some people feel that coalition politics has weakened the government, others feel that it has prevented any party from steamrolling its agenda on the country. Discuss this with examples.
    21. Explain how environmental issues can affect people of nations who may have no role in deciding the location of nuclear plants, polluting factories, etc. How do you deal with such situations ?
    22. Is there any mechanism for alternate dispute resolution outside the courts ?

    SECTION – IV

    23. Mark the following places on the given outline map of World.
    1) Vietnam 2) Nigeria 3) Any two British colonies 4) Japan 5) Austria
    (OR)
    1) Serbia 2) France 3) Italy 4) Hungary 5) Turkey
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b1-3
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b4-7
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b8-10
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b11-15
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b16-20
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b21-25
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b26-30

    ANSWERS

    SECTION -I

    GROUP – A
    1. If one country takes an aggressive stance against another country, should the other country also respond aggressively ? Can there be other ways of handling the problem?
    A. The issue depends on the aggressive stance taken by that government.
    Whatever may be the situation the other country need not respond aggressively. There are many other ways of handling the problems :
    1) They can appeal to the UNO.
    2) They can try to pacify the situation through talks, etc.

    2. A. 1) The countries like Germany and Italy were unified in 1870.
    2) Nationalism was an impulse behind unification.
    3) Nationalism developed pride in them.
    4) At the same time “it” developed hatred towards other nation.
    5) This hatred led to aggressive farms like Nazism in Germany and Fascism in Italy.
    6) They challenged the other countries.
    7) Finally this aggressive nationalism led to World War-II.

    3. 1. Why were the British desperate?
    A. The British were desperate with the Indian people revolting against their rule.
    2. Why did the British question the right of the Congress ?
    A. The British wanted to follow its policy ‘Divide and Rule’. So it questioned.

    4. a) Identify one Asian, one African colony of Britain.
    A. India is the Asian and Nigeria is the African colony of Britain.
    b) Identify one Asian, one African colony of Holland.
    A. Indonesia is the Asian and Western Sahara is the African colony of Holland.

    GROUP -B
    5. In what ways was the Emergency period a setback to the Indian democracy ?
    A .On 25th June 1975, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi imposed an emergency in the country. Due to this Emergency –
    1) Fundamental Rights stood suspended,
    2) 0Censorship was imposed on the press and
    3) Prominent political leaders were arrested.
    In the above ways the Emergency period was a setback to the Indian democracy.

    6. Explain the terms bipolarity and unipolarity.
    A. 1) Bipolarity in international politics describes a distribution of power in which two states have the majority of economic, military and cultural influence internationally or regionally.
    2) Unipolarity in international politics describes a distribution of power in which there is one state with most of the cultural, economic and military influence. This is also called a hegemony or hyper power.

    7. ‘The second half of the 20th century was an era of growth, prosperity and growing tensions’ – Comment.
    A. 1) With the end of the Second World War and the independence of colonies and
    semi-colonies like India, China, Indonesia, Nigeria and Egypt by mid 1950s a new era began in the world.
    2) This was an era of economic growth and prosperity for most of the countries, but also of growing tensions in many countries.
    3) Sections of societies which had long been denied equal rights came out asserting their rights.

    8. 1) What did Indira Gandhi attempt ?
    A. She attempted to create a new social base of her own and for her party by identifying with the poor and downtrodden.
    2) What happened less than a decade later ?
    A. Less than a decade later, the lack of fulfilment of rising mass expectations created frustration and disheartenment and culminated with the imposition of Emergency.

    SECTION – II

    9. The Constitution of India begins with the statement, “We the people of India…”. Do you think this claim to represent all the people of India was justified ?
    A. Yes, I think so.
    I think this claim to represent all the people of India was justified.

    10. What enabled Indian politics to develop a multiparty democracy ?
    A. It was the strength of the Constitutional framework and the democratic foundations laid by the freedom movement which enabled Indian politics to develop a multiparty democracy.

    11. What was called the ‘Zionist Movement’ ?
    A. A movement had developed among the Jews called the ‘Zionist Movement’ which called for uniting Jews spread across the world and to reclaim Palestine as their homeland and build a separate state of Jews.

    12. Prepare a few slogans on the prevention of wars and promotion of peace.
    A. 1) Avoid wars and live peacefully.
    2) Spread the theme of love and uproot hatred.
    3) Respect the feelings of others.
    4) Respect international laws and promote international brotherhood.
    5) Live for good cause and preserve world peace.
    6) Love human beings and promote social progress.

    13. What were the criticisms raised against communist system in the USSR?
    A. Many intellectuals and others were horrified by the violent elimination of opposition and denial of multiparty democracy and freedom in the USSR. So the criticisms were raised against communist system.
    14. Why did the fall in price rice lead to the rise of rural indebtedness ?
    A. 1) The fall in price of rice decreased the income of the rural peasants.
    2) So they were not able to repay their debts.
    3) So the fall in price of rice led to the rise of rural indebtedness.

    SECTION – III

    GROUP – A
    15. In what ways were Jews persecuted during the Nazi Germany ? Do you think in every country some people are differentiated because of their identity ?
    A. 1) Jews were merely 0.75% of the population of Germany.
    2) Nazi ideology depended on majoritarian principles.
    3) To build the racial supremacy of Germans they committed mass extermination of minority communities.
    4) They arbitrarily arrested Jews and put them in concentration camps.
    5) Hitler blamed that Jews were the main cause of all problems.
    6) He also said communism and capitalism were conspiracies of Jews.
    7) In the holocaust the killed Jews were around 6 millions.
    8) There may be instances in some countries where the people differentiated of their identities.

    16. What are the challenges faced by the independent Nigerian nation ? In what ways is it similar or different from the challenges faced by Independent India ?
    A. a) Challenges faced by the independent Nigeria :
    Nigeria became independent on 1st October,1963. Unfortunately a just and democratic balance could not be worked out and soon Nigeria slipped into civil war and military rule which largely reinforced the domination of the north. Attempts were made repeatedly to bring in civilian and democratic governments but these failed again and again. Corruption and suppression of human rights went hand in hand with collaboration between the military regime and multinational Oil corporations which funded the corrupt rulers. After a long haul of military dictatorship, Nigerians elected a democratic government in 1999. It remains to be seen how it faces the challenges of building a democratic Nigeria,
    b) In many ways it is different from the challenges faced by independent India except corruption.
    India faced the following challenges :
    1) Over population, 2) Illiteracy, 3) Lack of technical knowledge, 4)Low utilisation of natural resources, etc. But the government is stable in India. The co-ordination between the government and the military is also ideal.

    17. How was the French education system in Vietnam ?
    A. The French colonisers like the British were convinced that the people of the colony were uncivilised and the objective of their rule was to bring the benefits of modern civilisation. Education was seen as one way to civilise the ‘natives’. The French needed an educated local labour force but they feared that education might create problems. Once educated, the Vietnamese may begin to question colonial domination. Moreover, French citizens living in Vietnam (called colons) began fearing that they might lose their jobs – as teachers, shopkeepers, policemen – to the educated Vietnamese. So they opposed policies that would give the Vietnamese full access to French education. Even though Vietnamese language was taught in the primary level, all higher education was in French. Only the Vietnamese elite – comprising a small fraction of the population – could enroll in the schools,and only a few among those admitted ultimately passed the school-leaving examination. School textbooks glorified the French and justified colonial rule.

    18. Integration of various princely states into the new Indian nation was a
    challenging task. Discuss.
    A. The very first challenge which came immediately after independence was the integration of ‘Princely states’ into the Indian Union. The integration process was as usual not smooth and had various difficulties such as : ‘
    1. At the time of independence it was announced by the British that with the end of their rule over India, paramountcy of the British crown over princely states would also lapse.
    2. As a result, British government took the view that all these states were free to join either India or Pakistan or remain independent if they so wished. This was a very serious problem and could threaten the very existence of a United India.
    3. Another problem arose very soon. First of all, the ruler of Travancore annouced that the state had decided on independence. The Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of Bhopal also made the similar announcements.
    4. This response of the rulers of the princely states meant that after independence there was a very real possibility that India would be further divided into a number of small countries. This was a strange situation since Indian independence was aimed at unity, self determination as well as democracy.

    GROUP -B
    19. How does the Constitution reflect the political events of the time ?
    A. The Constitution reflects the political events of the time.
    e.g. : Self-Government and Equality : A reference to the history of British rule and Indian Independence struggle provides basic idea of self-governance that emerged into a people’s participative democracy.
    Federalism : Genesis of idea of federalism in India was first traced in ‘Simon Commission’ 1927. The representatives of princely states declared the First Round table Conference (1930-32) that they would join an ‘All India federation with a self- governing British India’. This preferred creation of All India Federation. Fundamental Rights : The inclusion in Constitution of a distinct part guaranteeing Fundamental Rights can be traced to the forces that operated in the struggle for independence during British rule.
    Sovereignty : The British colonial rule made the Constitution framers to add the ‘Sovereignty in our Constitution’.
    Socialism : Despite all social, economic and political inequality present and inherent in Indian traditional society, there were many political struggles. So our Constitution started a crusade against that.

    20. While some people feel that coalition politics has weakened the government, others feel that it has prevented any party from steamrolling its agenda on the country. Discuss this with examples.
    A. 1) A coalition government leads to more concensus-based politics, in that a government comprising differing parties would need to concur in regard to governmental policy.
    2) These kind of governments have a tendency to be fractions and prone to disharmony.
    3) Another difficulty might be the ability of minor parties to play “King maker” and, particularly in close election, gain far more their support than their vote would otherwise indicate.
    e.g. : The Congress politics in the formation of Telangana. .
    4) The political ideologies and programmes of a number of parties had to be accommodated and a common agreement had to be arrived at. Thus the party could pursue its extreme agendas and had to tone down their approaches.
    5) Sometimes policy paralysis also causes.

    21. Explain how environmental issues can affect people of nations who may have no role in deciding the location of nueclear plants, polluting factories, etc. How do you deal with such situations ?
    A. 1) Usually people of the nation are suffering lot, whenever there is a nuclear tragedy.
    2) They really do not have any role in deciding the nuclear plant’s location or pollution factory.
    3) That will be decided by their representatives and their secretaries.
    4) They decide the locations taking into consideration, a lot of things like infrastructure, raw material, technology, etc.
    5) To deal with these situations the governments should take all the protective measures.
    6) In case of any adversity, they should respond well in time to support the people.
    7) They should see that proper care is taken about the affected and fair compen­sations were distributed among the suffered people.

    22. Is there any mechanism for alternate dispute resolution outside the courts?
    A. 1) There is one mechanism for alternate dispute reslolution outside the courts.
    2) Conflicts in villages/ communities are addressed by village/ community elders.
    3) They resolute conflicts in a peaceful and amicable way by discussing various issues/ concerns.
    4) The nature of conflicts/disputes and their origin are mostly known to village elders.
    5) This facilitates to findout an amicable solution in a transperent way.
    6) Thus outside the courts the conflicts/disputes are addressed and resoluted by village elders.

    SECTION – IV

    23. Locate the following places on the given outline map of World.
    1) Vietnam 2) Nigeria 3) Any two British colonies 4) Japan 5) Austria

    (OR)
    1) Serbia 2) France 3) Italy 4) Hungary 5) Turkey

    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b1-3
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b4-7
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b8-10
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b11-15
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b16-20
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b21-25
    ap-ssc-10th-class-social-studies-2-model-paper-2015-16-english-medium-set-5-b26-30

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