Table of Contents
Each year India celebrates its Independence Day on the 15th of August. It was on this day in 1947 that India gained independence from the United Kingdom. The day has a remarkable place in Indian history as the Indian Constituent Assembly was granted Legislative sovereignty by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
India celebrates its Independence Day with infinite zeal and passion. People throughout the nation; come out on streets, to take part in the celebrations, forgetting their demographic differences of caste, religion or culture. People love to carry their national flag with pride on this day and sing national anthem or any other patriotic song.
Long and Short Essay on Independence Day in English
Independence Day is one of the most significant festivals of India. The day lets us to rejoice in the spirit of freedom. We must also acknowledge the fact that we gained independence, because we fought for it together; it is only by staying together that we will be able to protect our independence, any further. Below, we have provided some effectively written essay on Independence Day, which will be useful for school going children during Independence Day events.
We have provided here both, short essay on Independence Day and long essay on Independence Day for your easiness and to fulfill all types of need related to Independence Day essay. Our short essays are written in very easy language so that students from classes 1, 2, and 3 can easily read and learn. Our long essays are very meaningful and useful for students of higher classes. These creatively written essays will be proved very useful in your essay writing competition, paragraph writing, debates, etc held in your school or other inter-school competitions. By going through these essays you will know about independence day in detail such as history, activities, significance, celebrations in schools, colleges, national capital, etc.
Independence Day Essay 1 (100 words)
The date, 15th of August from 1947 in India has become a very important day in the Indian history. It was the luckiest day of year 1947 when India became independent after lots of hard struggle and sacrifices of the Indian freedom fighters. We won freedom after a hard struggle.
Today, I’m here to honor the bravery of our freedom fighters on Independence Day. This special day isn’t just an ordinary date; it represents India’s bravery, strength, and unbeatable determination
When India got its independence, the public of India had chosen their first Prime Minister, Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru who had unfurled the tricolour National Flag at the Red Fort in the national capital, New Delhi for the first time. All the people rejoice this special day with great joy every year.
Independence Day Essay 2 (150 words)
India got independence on 15th of august in 1947, so people of India celebrate this special day every year as the Independence Day on 15th of august. In the event celebration, organized in the National Capital, New Delhi, the Prime Minister of India unfurled the National Flag in the early morning at the Red fort where millions of people participate in the Independence Day ceremony.
During the celebration at Red Fort, New Delhi many tasks including March past are performed by the Indian army and cultural events by the school students are performed. After the national Flag hosting and national Anthem JANA GANA MANA recitation, the prime minister of India gives his annual speech.
At India’s Independence Day, we commemorate all the great personalities who had played their important role in the independence of India. During the Independence Day celebration, the National Flags are also hosted in school and colleges where many activities are performed by the teachers and students.
Independence Day Essay 3 (200 words)
In India, Independence Day is celebrated by the people of all religions, cultures and traditions with great joy and happiness. Independence Day in India is observed on 15th of August every year from 1947 as our country became independent on the same day from the power of British rule almost after 200 years of slavery.
It has been declared as the national holiday when all the schools (government or private), offices, colleges, universities, educational institutions, organizations, companies and etc., remain closed. It is celebrated with big enthusiasm in every schools, colleges and other educational institutions by the students.
They participate and perform in dancing, drama, singing, playing indoor games, outdoor sports, cultural activities, quiz competitions, awards distribution, etc., during celebration. First of all the National flag is unfurled by the chief guest or School Principal, National Anthem is sung with flute and drum and then march past and procession in the streets takes place.
A big celebration event is organized by the government of India at the Rajpath, India Gate in the National Capital, New Delhi where people of all religion, culture and tradition gather to listen the patriotic speech of our Prime Minister. By celebrating this event we commemorate those all great people who had sacrificed their lives and loved ones in making India an Independent country.
Independence Day Essay 4 (250 words)
Independence Day in India is celebrated as national holiday every year on 15th of August when people remember the long event of independence of our Nation from the British rule. India got independence on August 15th in 1947 after lots of movement of Independence during which many freedom fighters sacrificed their lives. After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru became first Indian Prime Minister on 17th of August in 1947 who raised the National Flag at Red Fort near Lahore Gate in Delhi.
Students, teachers, parents and other people come together to celebrate the Independence Day by unfurling the National Flag and singing National Anthem. Out tricolour National Flag is also hosted by the Indian prime minster in the National capital, New Delhi at Red Fort. After that the salute is given by firing 21 guns and tricolour flower showering is held on the flag with helicopter. The tricolour of our Flag represents saffron for courage and sacrifice, white for peace and truth and green for faith and chivalry.
There is an Ashok chakra in the centre of our Flag which contains 24 spikes distributed evenly. At this special day we remember the great sacrifices of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Raj Guru, Gandhiji and other dared freedom fighters for their unforgettable contribution in the independence of India. Students give speech on the subjects of freedom fighters on the Independence day celebration in schools.
They also involve in parade, march past, singing patriotic songs, etc. Other people celebrate this day according to their own way such as watching patriotic movies, going outside to home with family, meet with friends or participate in the events organized in public places.
Independence Day Essay 5 (300 words)
Independence Day is celebrated by the people of India every year on 15th of August as a National Holiday to commemorate the independence of India from the Kingdom of Great Britain on 15th of August in 1947. At this day, people of India pay heartily homage to the great leaders in the leadership of whom India became free forever.
At this day, people celebrate in their own way by buying tricolour Flag, watching movies based on freedom fighters, listening patriotic songs, bonding with family and friends, participating in special contests, programs, and articles organized by the broadcast, print and online media to promote the awareness about day.
Jawaharlal Nehru became our first Prime Minister after the independence of India on 17th of August 1947 who raised the Flag at Lahore Gate of Red Fort in Delhi and given a speech. This phenomenon is followed by the other subsequent Prime Ministers of India where flag hoisting ceremonies, parades, march past, salute by 21 guns and other cultural events are organized. Other people celebrate this day by raising national flag on their clothes, homes or vehicles.
On the midnight of 15th August in 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had announced the independence of India by reading out his speech on “Tryst with destiny”. He said that after long years of slavery, it is the time when we will redeem our pledge with the end of our ill fortune.
India is a country where millions of people live together whether they belong to various religion, cultures or traditions and celebrate this special occasion with great joy. At this day, as being an Indian, we should feel proud and must take an oath to keep ourselves loyal and patriotic in order to save our motherland from any type of attack or humiliation by other countries.
Independence Day Essay 6 (400 words)
Independence Day in India is the most important day for every Indian citizen as our country got freedom from the British rule. We celebrate this day every year on 15th of August from 1947. Our country is counted as the world’s largest democracy all over the world.
India became an independent country on 15th of August in 1947 after sacrifices of thousands of freedom fighters (such as Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Moulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sukhdev, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Balgangadhar Tilak, Chandra Shekhar Azad, etc) who worked hard to get independence from the British rule.
Each and every Indian celebrate his/her freedom in their own way such as decorating their places of celebration, raising National Flag, march past, watching favourite movies, dancing in the streets, singing National Anthem or patriotic songs or participating in many social activities organized at public places. Independence Day is celebrated by the government of India every year when the current Prime Minister of India raises out tricolour national flag at the Red Fort in Delhi followed by Indian army parade, march past, National Anthem recitation, speech and other cultural activities.
Independence Day in India is celebrated with the National Flag salute by the 21 guns firing. Similarly Independence Day celebration takes place in every states of the country where Governor and the Chief Minister of the states become main guests. Some people get prepared in the early morning and wait for the speech of the Indian Prime Minister at TV. On 15th of August people get inspired with the history of India’s independence and do some social activities like that and watch movies based on the patriotic themes.
The great non-violence movement of the Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu, helps a lot to our freedom fighters to get freedom from the British rule after 200 long years of struggle. The hard struggle for Independence of India has worked as a huge moving force for every Indian which bind them together at one place whether they belong to different castes, classes, cultures to ritual beliefs to fight them from British rule for their rights. Even women (Aruna Asaf Ali, Vijay Laxmi Pandit, Sarojine Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Kamala Nehru, Annie Besant, etc.) came out from their houses and played their great role in getting freedom.
Independence Day Essay 7 (600 Words)
Independence Day is one of the national festivals of India with the other two being Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti. It is celebrated on the 15th of August each year ever since India got independence from the British rule in 1947. The day celebrates freedom and independence in the true sense.
History of Independence Day
India was ruled by the British for almost two centuries. The citizens of our country suffered at the hands of the tyrant British officials for years until they finally managed to gather strength and fight them. They struggled for the independence of our country selflessly and tirelessly under the leadership of patriots such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose, Chandra Shekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh. While some of these leaders advocated the path of non-violence others took to aggressive means to fight the British.
However, the ultimate aim of all of them was to drive the British out of the country. After numerous freedom movements, protests and sacrifices, our country finally got independence on 15th August 1947 which was declared as the Independence Day of our country.
Why do We Celebrate Independence Day?
We celebrate Independence Day to celebrate the spirit of freedom and independence. It is also celebrated to commemorate the sacrifices of our freedom fighters. This day is a reminder that the freedom we enjoy today has been earned the hard way and that we must value it as well as make the most of it for our good and the good of our nation.
By way of Independence Day celebrations each year the younger generation is acquainted with the struggles of the people who lived in British colonized India. The celebration is a way of invoking patriotic feelings among the people of our country to encourage them to stay united and work for its betterment.
Activities on Independence Day
Independence Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm in different parts of our country. Various big and small events are organized in schools, colleges, offices and residential societies to celebrate this day. Here are some of the activities done on Independence Day:
- Flag Hoisting: On this day, the Prime Minister of our country hoists the Indian National Flag at Red Fort. This is followed by 21 gun shots in the honour of the occasion. Flag hoisting is done as a part of the Independence Day celebration throughout the country.
- Speeches/ Debates/ Quiz: Speeches are delivered as a part of Independence Day celebration in schools, colleges and other places. Debate and quiz competitions are also held in educational institutes. Essay writing and painting competitions are also organized to celebrate this day.
- Fancy Dress Competitions: Fancy dress competitions are held in schools and residential societies. Small kids are seen dressed up as freedom fighters.
- Kite Flying Competition: Kite flying competitions are also held on this day. Numerous colourful kits are seen flying in the sky. This is seen as a mark of freedom.
- Sweet Distribution: Sweets are distributed after flag hoisting.
Significance of Independence Day
Independence Day holds special significance for every Indian. It is a day that reminds them of the struggle and sacrifices of the freedom fighters. It inspires the youth of the nation to stand for the honour of the country. It fills the hearts of the people with patriotism and they are motivated to work for the good of their country. The spirit of patriotism is seen across the country particularly on this special day.
Independence Day is celebrated with immense zeal all across our country. People of all ages come forward to celebrate this day. Songs are sung in praise of the freedom fighters as well as our motherland. People are seen dressed up in tri-colour. The sky seems full of kites and there is joy all around.
Independence Day Essay 8 (1000 Words)
The day on which India attained legislative sovereignty through an act passed by the parliament of United Kingdom, is celebrated as the Independence Day of India. The Indian Independence Act passed by the Parliament of United Kingdom on 15th August 1947, transferred all the legislative powers to the Indian Constituent Assembly, which was constituted to write the Constitution of India. It was an outcome of a long battle applying the principles of non violence and civil disobedience, against the suppressions of British Empire.
History of Independence Day
Sometimes during the 17th Century British came to India showing trading interests in the sub continent. They were amazed by the prosperity of kingdoms and rich topography of the sub continent. Slowly they started making foothold into the nation by increasing trading activities. Here, came to the fore “East India Company” which was supposed to be a trading company reporting to its board of directors in London; nevertheless, eyeing the unlimited wealth opportunities that the subcontinent offered, East India Company, forcefully occupied powers of the government and judiciary. This period of Indian history from 1757 to 1858 is termed as the “Company Rule”.
Things went on the same until the rebellion of 1857, when the rule of East India Company in India was transferred to Queen Victoria through Government of India Act 1857. This Act established the British Crown as the ultimate ruler of India.
In the following decades, civil societies and political parties in India gradually became strong, demanding self rule or Swaraj. A long battle of non violence and non cooperation ensued, finally resulting in India achieving independence on 15th August 1947.
Importance of Independence Day
Independence was gained after nearly two centuries of subjugation under, firstly, the East India company and secondly the British Crown. It was a period of unethical suppression and tremendous exploitation of our resources at the hands of Britishers.
Kingdoms were forcefully occupied, kings were dethroned and punished for no apparent reason, farmers and small traders were made vulnerable by imposing new tax laws. The whole nation had felt the pain of subjugation, for every moment under the Crown. It was therefore a big achievement and a reason to celebrate when independence was finally gained on 15th August 1947.
The significance of the day is defined by the sacrifices made by our freedom fighters and other countrymen, in the struggle for independence. Millions of Indians have lost their lives in the freedom fight. The day reminds us to commemorate those who have sacrificed their all to make us breathe in freedom.
Independence Day also reminds us that we were able to break free from shackles of British Empire, because we fought against it, united. People from different religions, caste, financial background, culture, fought together diminishing their demographic differences. Therefore, the day reminds us to stay united as it the key to stay safe and independent.
Role of Women in India’s Independence
Women played a crucial role in India’s struggle for freedom. They bravely faced the challenges and made significant contributions to the nation’s independence movement.
- Leadership Roles: Prominent figures like Sarojini Naidu, Aruna Asaf Ali, and Sucheta Kriplani led various campaigns and protests against British rule.
- Civil Disobedience: Women actively participated in the Salt March and other civil disobedience movements initiated by Mahatma Gandhi.
- Bravery Acts: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi and Matangini Hazra are celebrated for their direct confrontations with the British.
- Promotion of Swadeshi: Women were at the forefront of promoting the use of Indian-made goods, rejecting British products.
- Social Reforms: Alongside the freedom struggle, women leaders also pushed for social reforms, advocating for women’s rights and empowerment.
- Jails & Sacrifices: Many women, like Kasturba Gandhi and Durgabai Deshmukh, endured imprisonment and made personal sacrifices for the country’s freedom.
Freedom Fighters Efforts in Independence Day
India’s journey to independence was marked by the valiant efforts of numerous freedom fighters. These leaders dedicated their lives to the cause, shaping the nation’s destiny.
- Mahatma Gandhi: Often called the ‘Father of the Nation’, Gandhi advocated non-violence and civil disobedience. His Dandi March and Quit India Movement were pivotal in challenging British rule.
- Jawaharlal Nehru: As the first Prime Minister of independent India, Nehru was crucial in shaping the nation’s modern identity. His charismatic leadership rallied masses for freedom.
- Subhas Chandra Bose: With his famous slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”, Bose led the Indian National Army against the British.
- Bhagat Singh: A symbol of youth resistance, Singh’s acts of defiance, like the Parliament bomb incident, made him an icon of the struggle.
- Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi: Symbolizing women’s role in the freedom fight, she led her army against the British during the 1857 revolt.
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: Known as the ‘Iron Man of India’, Patel played a vital role in integrating princely states into the Indian Union.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad: Apart from being India’s first President, Prasad actively participated in the freedom struggle, contributing to constitutional processes.
These leaders, among many others, lit the torch of freedom, leading India towards its long-sought independence.
Independence Day Celebrations
Independence Day of India is celebrated as a National Festival in India. People belonging to different religion, caste and culture celebrate the day together, infused with the feelings of nationalism and patriotism. The festive fervor could well be seen on the streets, offices, schools, colleges, houses, throughout the nation. The air reverberates with patriotic songs and national anthem. Fluttering tricolor of various shapes and sizes is a common sight on the day.
Below we will go through details of celebrations in some of the significant locations of the nation.
Celebrations at Delhi
National capital Delhi is the center for the most distinguished Independence Day celebrations. On the evening before Independence Day, Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on Tele Vision, congratulating citizens and remembering the freedom fighters.
Next day, huge crowd emerged at the Red Fort to witness flag hoisting ceremony by the Prime Minister. Thousands of people from across the country and several dignitaries are present to honor the national flag and to witness the events following it.
Flag hoisting is concurrently followed by the singing of national anthem and then a 21 gun salute in the honour of the Prime Minister. After the gun salute, the Prime Minister once again addresses the nation and remembers the freedom fighters and their struggles.
The speech is followed by a march past by Indian army and other armed forces. Tableaus depicting religious and cultural heritage of various Indian states, also take part in the procession.
Celebrations in Schools and Offices
Schools, colleges and offices throughout India celebrate Independence Day with almost equal zeal and enthusiasm. Participation of children in the celebrations is more prominent and they seem to be at the centre of all the preparations. Celebrations begin with the head of the institution hoisting the national flag in presence of students and other staff members.
Several competitions, cultural events, plays are organized in schools by the children themselves, as a reminiscence of India’s freedom struggle and also to commemorate the great freedom fighters. Children get dressed up as various freedom fighters and cry famous slogans of Indian struggle – “Inquilab Zindabad”, “Jai Hind”, “Vande Matram” etc. School also distributes sweets among the students and staff members to celebrate the day.
The celebration in offices is also celebrated with the same patriotic zeal; though, with slightly different events. Flag hoisting is compulsory in all government institutions, with mandatory attendance. The flag ceremony is followed by speeches by the staff members, which usually is a commemoration of freedom fighters and reminiscence of the freedom struggle.
People in the streets too are seen greeting each other and buying tricolors to adorn their houses and vehicles. In 2002 Flag code of India was amended to allow private citizens to display the flag, but with certain rules and regulations.
Independence Day of India is a National festival celebrated with the feeling of patriotism and nationalism, throughout the country. The country resonates with festive fervor and pride in its unity and diversity. The beating of drums along with the singing of national anthem fills the heart with a great sense of nationalism. It is primarily a celebration of Independence; nevertheless, it is also a celebration of “unity in diversity” of India. Moreover, the government has declared 15th August as a national holiday to make sure that you participate in the celebrations, without any fear or hindrances.
Frequently Asked Questions Independence Day
Is it 76 or 77 Independence Day 2023?
It's the 76th Independence Day in 2023.
Is it 77th Independence Day?
No, 2023 marks the 76th Independence Day for India.
What is the purpose of the Independence Day?
Independence Day celebrates a nation's freedom from colonial or foreign rule, reminding citizens of the sacrifices made and fostering national pride and unity.
When did India get freedom?
India gained its freedom from British rule on August 15, 1947.
What is the time of flag hoisting on 15 August?
The national flag is typically hoisted at 7:30 AM on August 15 at the Red Fort in Delhi, followed by the Prime Minister's address.
Who declared freedom in India?
Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy of India, officially transferred power, leading to Jawaharlal Nehru becoming the first Prime Minister of independent India.
What are the rules of the National Flag?
The rules for the National Flag, known as the Flag Code of India, dictate how and where the flag can be hoisted, ensuring it's treated with respect and dignity. For instance, it should never touch the ground and must be displayed in a particular orientation.
Who gave India freedom?
India's freedom was the result of persistent efforts and sacrifices by its freedom fighters and leaders. While the British officially relinquished control, it wasn't given – it was earned by India.
At what time flag is removed?
There's no specific time universally followed for flag removal. However, as per protocol, the national flag, when flown in the open, should be taken down at sunset.