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Navigating the complexities of Physics can be a daunting task, but with the right tools and resources, you can conquer even the most challenging topics. That’s where the **NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 on Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance** come into play.

**NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2** provide a comprehensive and easy-to-understand approach to tackling the unsolved questions from the textbook. Whether you’re preparing for exams like **JEE Mains Exam** or **NEET Exam**, or simply looking to deepen your understanding of the subject, these solutions can be invaluable. **NCERT Solutions for class 12 physics** offer a detailed and well-structured guide to mastering the concepts covered in the Syllabus for class 12 Physics.

These solutions, crafted by subject experts, provide a comprehensive and easy-to-understand approach to tackling the unsolved questions from the textbook. The physics class 12 chapter 2 solutions are designed to help students understand the key concepts and apply them effectively in exams. The **class 12 physics chapter 2 important questions** covered in these solutions are crucial for success in competitive exams.

The solutions are written in a student-friendly language, ensuring that even the most complex concepts are explained in a way that is easy to grasp. The step-by-step approach used in these solutions not only helps you arrive at the correct answer but also enhances your conceptual knowledge.

By practicing these solutions, you’ll not only improve your performance in exams but also develop the essential skills needed to excel in upcoming competitive exams. The **physics chapter 2 class 12 PDF solutions** have been carefully crafted to help you manage your time effectively, a crucial aspect of exam success.

## NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance PDF

Navigating the complexities of **Class 12 Physics Chapter 2** on Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance can be challenging, but with the right tools, you can excel. **NCERT Exemplar Solutions** provide detailed answer to all the questions in the textbook.

These solutions, created by experts, cover key topics from the **Class 12 Physics Syllabus** and are available in a convenient **class 12 physics chapter 2 PDF **format. By practicing these solutions, you’ll deepen your understanding of the concepts and be well-prepared for your exams.

If you’re a Class 12 Physics student, you’ll be happy to know that Chapter 2, “Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance,” is covered in the Term I **CBSE Syllabus for 2024 25**. This chapter holds significant weightage in the Term I exam, particularly when it comes to derivations and numerical problems.

Exam questions often focus on deriving topics such as the potential energy of a system of charges, the potential due to an electric dipole, and the energy stored in a capacitor. Numerical questions based on the effective capacitance of complex capacitor combinations are also common.

To help you master these concepts, the **NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2** provide comprehensive coverage of all the topics in the chapter. These solutions can serve as a quick reference to clarify difficult concepts and improve your problem-solving skills.

### NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance Question and Answers

**Q. Define electrostatic potential at a point.**

**Ans:** The electrostatic potential at a point is defined as the amount of work done in bringing a unit positive charge from infinity to that point without acceleration.

**Q. What is the electrostatic potential due to a point charge Q at a distance r from it?**

**Ans:** The electrostatic potential V due to a point charge Q at a distance r is given by:

V = (1 / 4πε₀) * (Q / r)

**Q. A point charge +Q is located at the origin. What is the potential at a point located at a distance r from the origin?**

**Ans:** The potential V at a distance r from a point charge +Q located at the origin is:

V = (1 / 4πε₀) * (Q / r)

**Q. What is the principle of superposition for electrostatic potential?**

**Ans:** The principle of superposition states that the total electrostatic potential at a point due to a system of charges is equal to the algebraic sum of the potentials due to the individual charges.

**Q. Calculate the work done in moving a charge q through a potential difference V.**

**Ans:** The work done W in moving a charge q through a potential difference V is given by:

W = qV

**Q. Define capacitance.**

**Ans:** Capacitance is defined as the ability of a system to store electric charge per unit potential difference. It is given by:

C = Q / V

where Q is the charge stored and V is the potential difference.

**Q. What is the unit of capacitance?**

**Ans:** The unit of capacitance is the Farad (F).

**Q. Derive the expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor.**

**Ans:** The capacitance C of a parallel plate capacitor with plate area A and separation d is given by:

C = ε₀ (A / d)

where ε₀ is the permittivity of free space.

**Q. What happens to the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor if the plate separation is halved?**

**Ans:** If the plate separation d is halved, the capacitance C is doubled. This is because capacitance C is inversely proportional to the plate separation d.

**Q. A capacitor of capacitance C is charged to a potential difference V. What is the energy stored in the capacitor?**

**Ans:** The energy U stored in a capacitor is given by:

U = 1/2 CV²

**Q. What is the equivalent capacitance of two capacitors C₁ and C₂ connected in series?**

**Ans:** The equivalent capacitance Cₑ of two capacitors connected in series is given by:

1 / Cₑ = 1 / C₁ + 1 / C₂

**Q.. What is the equivalent capacitance of two capacitors C₁ and C₂ connected in parallel?**

**Ans:** The equivalent capacitance Cₑ of two capacitors connected in parallel is given by:

Cₑ = C₁ + C₂

**Q. What is the potential at the midpoint of a dipole along its axial line?**

**Ans:** The potential at the midpoint of a dipole along its axial line is zero because the potentials due to the positive and negative charges cancel each other out.

**Q. A 4 μF capacitor is connected to a 12 V battery. What is the charge stored in the capacitor?**

**Ans:** The charge Q stored in the capacitor is given by:

Q = CV = 4 × 10⁻⁶ F × 12 V = 48 × 10⁻⁶ C = 48 μC

**Q. Two capacitors of capacitances 6 μF and 3 μF are connected in series. What is their equivalent capacitance?**

**Ans:** The equivalent capacitance Cₑ of capacitors connected in series is given by:

1 / Cₑ = 1 / 6 + 1 / 3 = 1 / 6 + 2 / 6 = 3 / 6 = 1 / 2

Therefore, Cₑ = 2 μF.

### Key Features of the NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2

**NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2, “Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance,”** are designed to help you learn and retain information quickly and effectively. Here are some key features that make these solutions stand out:

**Crucial Information**: The solutions are crafted by carefully selecting the most important and relevant details about each question.**Simple and Clear Answers**: The answers are concise and easy to understand, making it simpler to grasp the concepts.**Tabular Columns**: Wherever possible, the solutions use tabular columns to help you organize and compare information.**Pointers for Learning**: The solutions include pointers to help you learn rapidly and remember the information more effectively.**Optimized for Best Results**: The solutions are designed to help you achieve the best possible results in your exams, ensuring you understand the concepts thoroughly.

## NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 FAQs

### What is the purpose of the NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2?

The main purpose of these solutions is to provide students with a comprehensive resource to master the concepts in Chapter 2 on Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance. They offer detailed explanations, important questions, and practice problems to help students excel in their exams.

### Who creates the NCERT Exemplar Solutions?

The NCERT Exemplar Solutions are created by subject experts and experienced teachers who have a deep understanding of the CBSE Physics syllabus and examination pattern.

### Can I download the NCERT Exemplar Solutions for free?

Yes, you can download the NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 for free in PDF format from Infinity Learn websites and portals.