Study MaterialsImportant QuestionsNCERT Extra Questions – Class 8 Social and Political life Understanding Laws

NCERT Extra Questions – Class 8 Social and Political life Understanding Laws

Social and Political life Extra Questions

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    Question 1

    Mention the different categories under which Law can be classified.
    Solution:
    The following are some of the categories into which law can be divided:
    Criminal law
    Contract Law
    Property Law
    International law
    Equity and Trust Laws

     

    Question 2

    Write a short note on Lady Justice.
    Solution:
    Lady Justice, also known as Justitia in Roman mythology, is the Roman Goddess of Justice. It is the embodiment of the moral force that underpins the legal system. Her blinded eyes represent equality before the law and fairness toward all those who are subject to it. Her sword represents the law’s force of reason, while the weighing scales reflect the balancing of people’s interests under the law.

     

    Question 3

    Mention some of the common laws that govern us.
    Solution:
    The following are some of the common laws that govern us:
    The age at which a person can vote
    Specific age for marriage
    Laws governing the selling and buying of property

     

    Question 4

    What is a constitution?
    Solution:
    A Constitution is a document that outlines the basic laws or principles by which a country is governed.

     

    Question 5

    State Article 14 of the Indian constitution
    Solution:
    Article 14 – Equality before law. – The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.

     

    Question 6

    How was the system of law during ancient times in India?
    Solution:
    There were numerous and overlapping local laws in ancient India. Different communities were allowed the freedom to apply the laws as they saw fit. In rare situations, the punishment meted out to two people for the same crime differed based on their caste. The lower classes were subjected to harsher punishments.

     

    Question 7

    When was the Hindu Succession Amendment Act revised?
    Solution:
    The Hindu Succession Amendment Act was revised in 2005.

     

    Question 8

    What was the Sedition Act?
    Solution:
    Anyone protesting or criticizing the British government might be arrested without a trial under the Sedition Act of 1870.

     

    Question 9

    Write a brief note on the Rowlatt Act.
    Solution:
    The Rowlatt Committee was a Sedition Committee appointed by the British Indian Government in 1918, and its president was Mr. Justice Rowlatt, an English judge.
    The Rowlatt Act, sometimes known as the Black Act, was enacted in response to the recommendations of the Rowlatt Committee. It had a tremendous impact on India’s political condition, propelling the country onto a course of political action led by Gandhi that would eventually dominate the Indian Independence movement for the next 20 years. The Act allowed the Viceroy’s government the power to suppress sedition by censoring the press, imprisoning political activists without trial, and arresting anyone suspected of sedition or treason without a warrant. A countrywide work stoppage was organized in protest, signaling the start of significant, if not nationwide, popular unrest.
    The Act’s agitation culminated in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar, Punjab, on April 13, 1919.

     

    Question 10

    How is a new law introduced in Parliament?
    Solution:
    The Indian Parliament is made up of the President and two Houses: the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of People (Lok Sabha).
    A Bill can be introduced in the House of Commons or the House of Lords. A Ministerial Bill is referred to as a Government Bill, while a Private Member’s Bill is referred to as a Private Member’s Bill.
    In both circumstances, the procedure for passing the bills is the same. Before becoming an Act of Parliament, a Bill must go through three stages in each House of Parliament and get Presidential assent. The matter is settled at a joint sitting of the two Houses if there is an impasse between them on a Bill.

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