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Solving math problems with various operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division can be tricky when there are multiple steps involved. It’s more straightforward when you’re dealing with just two numbers.

However, tackling expressions with brackets and multiple operations might seem complex. To make it easier, let’s revisit the BODMAS rule and understand how to simplify expressions within brackets.

## What is BODMAS Rule?

**BODMAS**, also known as **PEMDAS** in some places, is a handy acronym that helps us remember the order of operations in math. It stands for Bracket, Order (which includes Exponents), Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction. This sequence tells us the correct way to solve math problems. You can think of it as a step-by-step guide for mathematical calculations.

## BODMAS Rule Explanation

To solve expressions correctly, follow the BODMAS rule. **BODMAS** stands for Brackets, Order (powers and roots), Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction.

Start by solving any brackets in the expression, then handle the order (like powers and roots), and proceed with division, multiplication, addition, and subtraction from left to right. Doing these operations in the wrong order will lead to incorrect results.

When your expression contains multiple operators, apply the BODMAS rule. Begin by simplifying terms within the innermost brackets and work your way outwards. Then, address any roots or exponents. Next, perform multiplication or division operations from left to right, and finally, tackle addition or subtraction to arrive at the correct answer.

It’s worth noting that the “O” in **BODMAS** also stands for “Order,” which relates to numbers with powers or square roots. To grasp this concept better, refer to the examples below.

## BODMAS Full Form

As previously discussed, BODMAS full form is** Brackets, Orders, Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction**. When using the BODMAS rule, it’s important to remember to follow this specific order of operations.

BODMAS Full Form |
||

B | Brackets | ( ), { }, [ ] |

O | Order of | Square roots, indices, exponents and powers |

D | Division | ÷, / |

M | Multiplication | ×, * |

A | Addition | + |

S | Subtraction | – |

## BODMAS or PEMDAS

Two common acronyms, **BODMAS and PEMDAS**, help us remember the order of operations in math. These rules are quite similar, but they have different abbreviations due to regional terminology variations.

When using either **BODMAS or PEMDAS**, it’s crucial to remember that for division and multiplication, we perform the operation on the left side of the expression first. The same principle applies to addition and subtraction, where we tackle the operation on the left side first.

## When to Use BODMAS?

When working with mathematical expressions containing multiple operations, it’s important to follow the BODMAS method to ensure the correct order of calculations. BODMAS stands for Brackets, Orders (like powers and square roots), Division and Multiplication (from left to right), and Addition and Subtraction (from left to right).

Here are the key rules to remember:

**Brackets:**If there are brackets in the expression, start by solving the operations inside the brackets first. For example, a + (b + c) simplifies to a + b + c, and a – (b + c) simplifies to a – b – c.**Negative Signs:**If there is a negative sign just before a bracket, distribute the negative sign to each term inside the bracket. For instance, a – (b + c) becomes a – b – c.**Terms Outside Brackets:**If there is a term just outside the bracket, multiply that term by each term inside the bracket. For example, a(b + c) simplifies to ab + ac.

By following these rules in order, you can correctly structure and solve mathematical expressions to obtain unique and accurate answers.

## How to Remember the BODMAS Rule?

To excel in BODMAS, remember these straightforward steps:

- Start by simplifying anything inside brackets.
- Handle any exponents or powers next.
- Move on to division and multiplication, working from left to right.
- Finish up with addition and subtraction, also from left to right.

## Common Mistakes When Use the BODMAS Rule

When we apply the **BODMAS** (Brackets, Order, Division and Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction) rule to simplify mathematical expressions, it’s not uncommon to encounter various pitfalls that can lead to errors.

These errors often revolve around the misinterpretation or misapplication of the rule. Here, we’ll delve into some of the common mistakes that individuals make while working with the BODMAS rule and how to avoid them.

**Confusion with Multiple Brackets:**

One of the primary sources of error when simplifying expressions is the presence of multiple sets of brackets. This can create confusion, as it’s not always clear which bracket to address first.

To sidestep this issue, it’s essential to understand that when you have several sets of the same type of brackets (for example, multiple pairs of parentheses or square brackets), you should tackle all of these simultaneously. This approach helps ensure a systematic and error-free simplification process.

**Misunderstanding Addition and Subtraction of Integers:**

Addition and subtraction might seem straightforward, but they can also lead to mistakes. Consider the expression 1-3+4. The correct approach is to first perform the addition of (-3) and 4 to yield -2.

However, some individuals incorrectly opt to subtract 3 from 1 before adding 4, which results in -6. To avoid this error, always remember that addition and subtraction should be carried out from left to right.

**Incorrect Assumptions about Precedence:**

Another common mistake arises from assumptions about the precedence of operators. Some people wrongly believe that division takes precedence over multiplication and that addition takes precedence over subtraction. To maintain accuracy, it’s crucial to adhere to the left-to-right rule when it comes to these operations.

In other words, multiplication and division have equal precedence and should be executed from left to right, just like addition and subtraction, which are also at the same level of precedence.

Furthermore, these operations should be performed after any preceding multiplication or division operations in the expression. Failing to follow this order can lead to incorrect results, especially when dividing before multiplying.

## BODMAS Examples

Let’s go through some examples to illustrate how the BODMAS rule is applied in various mathematical expressions:

**Example 1:**

Simplify the expression: 2 + 3 × (4 – 1)

First, we address the brackets. Inside the brackets, the subtraction operation is performed first: 4 – 1 = 3.

The expression now becomes: 2 + 3 × 3

Next, we perform the multiplication: 3 × 3 = 9.

Finally, we add the result to 2: 2 + 9 = 11.

So, the simplified answer is 11.

**Example 2:**

Evaluate the expression: (5 × 2) – 7 ÷ 2

Begin with the brackets. In this case, we have two operations within the brackets. First, perform multiplication: 5 × 2 = 10.

The expression now looks like this: 10 – 7 ÷ 2.

Now, we proceed to perform the division: 7 ÷ 2 = 3.5.

Lastly, subtract 3.5 from 10: 10 – 3.5 = 6.5.

The final answer is 6.5.

**Example 3:**

Simplify the expression: 6 + 4 × (3 + 2) – 8 ÷ 2

First, work inside the innermost brackets: 3 + 2 = 5.

The expression becomes: 6 + 4 × 5 – 8 ÷ 2.

Next, perform multiplication: 4 × 5 = 20.

Now, the expression looks like this: 6 + 20 – 8 ÷ 2.

Moving on to the division: 8 ÷ 2 = 4.

Finally, add and subtract as necessary: 6 + 20 – 4 = 22.

The answer is 22.

## BODMAS Related FAQs

### What is BODMAS?

BODMAS is an acronym that represents the order of operations in mathematics, ensuring that mathematical expressions are simplified consistently. It stands for Brackets, Order (powers and roots), Division, Multiplication, Addition, and Subtraction. Following BODMAS is crucial to obtain correct results when dealing with complex mathematical expressions.

### How to solve BODMAS questions?

To solve BODMAS questions, follow this order: 1. Brackets first, 2. Order (powers and roots), 3. Division and Multiplication from left to right, 4. Addition and Subtraction from left to right.

### What is the role of brackets in BODMAS?

Brackets are the highest priority in the BODMAS rule. You should always start by solving operations within brackets first. If there are nested brackets, work from the innermost brackets outward.

### How do I handle powers and square roots (Order) in BODMAS?

After dealing with brackets, you should address powers and square roots. These are also part of the Order category in BODMAS. Powers and roots should be evaluated before division, multiplication, addition, and subtraction.

### How do I remember the BODMAS rule easily?

You can remember the BODMAS rule by using a mnemonic or acronym like Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally (for PEMDAS) or simply by remembering the sequence: Brackets, Order, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction.