Isosceles Triangle Perimeter Formula

# Isosceles Triangle Perimeter Formula

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## Introduction to Isosceles Triangle Perimeter

The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is the total length of its boundary which means the sum of all its sides. A triangle is considered to be an isosceles triangle if it has two equal sides and two equal angles. Let us learn more about the perimeter of an isosceles triangle using solved examples.

The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is the sum of all the three sides. Since an isosceles triangle has 2 equal sides, the perimeter is twice the equal side plus the different side. It is measured in linear units such as inches (in), yards (yd), millimeters (mm), centimeters (cm), and meters (m). Let us understand the formula to find the perimeter in the next section.

## Perimeter of Isosceles Triangle Formula

The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is calculated by adding the length of all its three sides. Since an isosceles triangle has two equal sides, its perimeter can be calculated if the base and one equal side is known. The formula used to find the perimeter of an isosceles triangle is: Perimeter of isosceles triangle (P) = 2a + b where, a = the length of the equal sides; b = the length of the base (unequal side).

Derivation of the formula: Observe the figure given below which will help us to derive the formula for the perimeter of an isosceles triangle. Let us consider an isosceles triangle ABC in which side AB = AC. Now, if the equal sides are named as ‘a’ and the unequal side is named as ‘b’, the sum of all its sides will be: AB + AC + BC, or, a + a + b. Therefore, the perimeter of an isosceles triangle is : 2a + b.

The perimeter of an isosceles right-angled triangle can be found by adding the length of all its three sides. Since it is a right-angled triangle, one of its sides is the hypotenuse and the other two sides are equal. If the length of the hypotenuse is ‘h’ units and the lengths of the other two sides are ‘l’, then the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle would be: Perimeter of isosceles right triangle = h + l + l. Observe the following figure to understand the dimensions and the formula of an isosceles right triangle.

As given in the figure, the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle is P = h + 2l.

Now, let us find the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle in 2 different scenarios given below. If we apply the Pythagoras theorem in the figure, we get h = √(l2+ l2) = √2 × l. This means h = √2 × l, which can also be written as: l = h/√2. These values can be substituted with each other if one of them is not known.

When the length of the equal side is given: Referring to the explanation given above, if the length (l) is given, then the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle will be (P) = 2l + (√2)l = (2 + √2)l

When the hypotenuse is given: Referring to the explanation given above, if the hypotenuse (h) is given, then the perimeter of an isosceles right triangle will be (P) = h + 2(h/√2) = h + √2h = h(1 + √2)

It should be noted that the two congruent angles in the isosceles right triangle measure 45° each.

## Important Notes on Perimeter of Isosceles Triangle

Here is a list of a few points that should be remembered while studying the perimeter of an isosceles triangle:

A triangle is considered to be an isosceles triangle if it has two equal sides.

Since an isosceles triangle has two equal sides, its perimeter can be calculated if the base and the equal sides are known.

The formula to calculate the perimeter of an isosceles triangle is P = 2a + b where ‘a’ is the length of the two equal sides and ‘b’ is the base of the triangle.

The perimeter of an isosceles right triangle can be calculated with the help of the formula: P = h + 2l, where ‘h’ is the length of the hypotenuse and ‘l’ is the length of the adjacent sides.

## Solved Examples on Isosceles Triangle Perimeter

Example 1: What is the perimeter of an isosceles triangle when the length of one of the equal sides = 10 cm and the base = 6 cm?

Solution:

To find the perimeter of isosceles triangle, we use the formula: perimeter = 2a + b. In this case, the length of one equal side (a) = 10 cm; base (b) = 6 cm

Substituting the values in the formula:

= 2 (10) + 6

= 20 + 6

= 26 cm

The perimeter of the given isosceles triangle is 26 cm.

Example 2: The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is 12 units. Find out the length of the third side of the triangle if the equal sides measure 3 units each.

Solution: Let the third side of the isosceles triangle be ‘b’

Given, Perimeter = 12 units, a = 3 units, b = ?

Using the formula for the perimeter of isosceles triangle = 2a + b

Substituting the given values in the above formula,

12 = 2 (3) + b

12 = 6 + b

12 – 6 = b

Therefore, b = 6 units

The third side of the triangle measures 6 units.

## Frequently Asked Questions on Isosceles Triangle Perimeter

1: What is the Perimeter of Isosceles Triangle?

Answer: The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is the sum of all the three sides. Since an isosceles triangle has two equal sides, the perimeter is twice the equal side plus the different side.

2: How to find the Perimeter of an Isosceles Triangle?

Answer: The perimeter of an isosceles triangle is the total length of its boundary. Since an isosceles triangle has 2 equal sides and one different side, the formula that is used to find the perimeter is, Perimeter of isosceles triangle = 2a + b; where ‘a’ is one of the equal sides and ‘b’ is the unequal side. The perimeter is measured in linear units like centimeters, meters, inches, and so on.

3: What is the Formula for the Perimeter of an Isosceles Triangle?

Answer: The formula that is used to calculate the perimeter of an isosceles triangle is, Perimeter = 2a + b, where ‘a’ represents the length of one of the equal sides and ‘b’ is the base or the 3rd side.

4: What is the Formula of the Perimeter of an Isosceles Right Triangle?

Answer: The perimeter of an isosceles right triangle is calculated with the help of the formula: P = h + 2l, where ‘h’ is the length of the hypotenuse and ‘l’ is the length of the adjacent sides. Since it is a right-angled triangle, we can apply the Pythagoras theorem and calculate the perimeter using only the length or the hypotenuse, whichever is given.

The formula using only the length is: P = (2 + √2)l.

Similarly, the formula using only the hypotenuse is: P = h(1 + √2).

5: What is the Formula to Calculate the Perimeter of a Triangle?

Answer: The perimeter of a triangle can be found by calculating the sum of all its sides. So, the formula for calculating the perimeter of a triangle with side lengths a, b, and c, would be: Perimeter = a + b + c.

6: What is the Area and Perimeter of Isosceles Triangle?

Answer: The area of an isosceles triangle is the region covered by it. This is calculated with the help of the formula, Area = 1/2 × base × height. On the other hand, the perimeter of isosceles triangle is the total length of its boundary. This is calculated with the help of the formula, perimeter of isosceles triangle = 2(a + b); where ‘a’ = length of one of the equal sides; b = the length of the base (unequal side).

7: How to Find the Perimeter of an Isosceles Triangle with Hypotenuse?

Answer: The perimeter of an isosceles triangle can be calculated if only the hypotenuse is given. Since it is an isosceles right-angled triangle, we can apply the Pythagoras theorem and derive a formula which helps to find the perimeter of the triangle with only the hypotenuse given. The formula is expressed as, Perimeter of Isosceles right-angled triangle = h(1 + √2); where ‘h’ is the hypotenuse. The value of the hypotenuse can be substituted and the perimeter can be calculated.

8: How to Find the Perimeter of an Isosceles Triangle on a Coordinate Plane?

Answer: If the coordinates of the vertices of an isosceles triangle are given, we can calculate the perimeter by finding the length of all sides and then further adding them. To calculate the lengths using coordinates, we apply the distance formula and finally find their sum.

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