HomeSocial ScienceCapital of Bihar – Patna

Capital of Bihar – Patna

Patna is the capital of Bihar, is a city celebrated for its significant historical background and ongoing modernization. If we talk about 2023, the increasing population of Bihar underscores its growing prominence. Serving as Bihar’s political heartbeat, Patna symbolizes the state’s continuous development and advancement. Known for its unique language and strategic location, Bihar has been instrumental in shaping historical narratives. The state’s vast area adds to its diverse demographic and cultural tapestry, positioning it as an important region in India’s political and cultural map.

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    Capital of Bihar State

    The capital of Bihar, an Indian state, is Patna. Patna city is important because it’s where the government of Bihar works. Bihar is located in the eastern part of India. In 2023, many people live in Bihar, making it one of India’s most populated states. The area of Bihar is quite large, and its history goes back a long time, with many interesting events and changes.

    People in Bihar mostly speak Hindi, but many also speak other languages. Patna has been the capital of Bihar for a long time, even before the year 2000. If you look at a political map of India, you’ll see Patna marked as Bihar’s capital. There is only one capital city in Bihar, and that’s Patna.

    Other states in India have their own capitals too. For example, Haryana’s capital is Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu’s capital is Chennai, and Gujarat’s capital is Gandhinagar. Each of these cities has its own unique history and importance, just like Patna in Bihar.

    Capital City of Bihar – Patna

    Patna, the capital city of Bihar, India, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. It’s located on the southern bank of the Ganges River.

    1. Location: Patna is situated along the southern banks of the Ganges River in eastern India.
    2. Historical Significance: It has a rich history dating back over 2,500 years, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. It was known as Pataliputra in ancient times and was the capital of various Indian dynasties.
    3. Population: Patna is one of the fastest-growing cities in India, with a population that reflects a diverse mix of cultures and communities.
    4. Economic Hub: It is a major agricultural hub and trade center, particularly for grains, sugarcane, sesame, and rice.
    5. Education and Research: The city hosts several prestigious educational and research institutions, including Patna University.
    6. Cultural Importance: Patna is known for its rich cultural heritage, including festivals, traditional arts, and cuisine.
    7. Tourism: The city has numerous historical and religious sites, attracting tourists from all over the world.
    8. Transportation: Patna is well-connected through road, rail, and air, including the Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport.
    9. Modern Development: In recent years, Patna has seen significant modern development, including infrastructure improvements and urban expansion.
    10. Governance: As the capital of Bihar, Patna is the administrative and political center of the state.

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    Capital of Bihar in India Map

    Capital of Bihar in India Map (1)

    Capital of Bihar Before 2000

    Before 2000, the capital of Bihar was, and still is, Patna. This city is not only the administrative center of Bihar but also a significant historical and cultural hub. The area of Bihar spans over 94,163 square kilometers, making it a large state with a varied landscape.

    On November 15, 2000, the southern part of Bihar was carved out to form Jharkhand new state. This decision was made to address the unique cultural, economic, and geographic needs of the region.

    Before the bifurcation, the area that became Jharkhand was rich in mineral resources but felt neglected in terms of development and representation. The creation of Jharkhand was aimed at ensuring more focused governance and development for this resource-rich area.

    This change did not affect the capital of Bihar; Patna remained the capital city. However, the separation led to a significant geographical and demographic shift for Bihar. The state’s area was reduced, and its population decreased as well, as the people in the newly formed Jharkhand were no longer part of Bihar’s demographics.

    Bihar An Overview

    1. Location of Bihar: Bihar is situated in the eastern part of India, bordered by Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Jharkhand.
    2. History of Bihar: Bihar has a significant place in Indian history; it was the center of power, learning, and culture in ancient India and the birthplace of Buddhism and Jainism.
    3. Area of Bihar: It covers an area of approximately 94,163 square kilometers.
    4. Population of Bihar (2023): The estimated population of Bihar in 2023 is over 128 million, making it one of the most populous states in India.
    5. Capital of Bihar: The capital city of Bihar is Patna, an ancient city with a rich history dating back to the era of the Maurya and Gupta empires.
    6. Language of Bihar: Hindi is the official language, with regional languages like Bhojpuri, Maithili, and Magahi also widely spoken.
    7. Economy of Bihar: The state’s economy is primarily agricultural, with rice, wheat, and maize as major crops. It’s also experiencing growth in the service and industrial sectors.
    8. Cultural Heritage: Bihar is known for its religious diversity, historical monuments, and festivals like Chhath Puja, a major event celebrated with great fervor.
    9. Education: The state is home to some historic educational institutions like Nalanda University, one of the world’s oldest universities.
    10. Tourism: Key attractions include the Mahabodhi Temple, Nalanda, and the ancient city of Vaishali, among others, drawing tourists interested in history and spirituality.

    FAQs on Capital of Bihar – Patna

    What is the first capital of Bihar?

    The first capital of Bihar was Rajgir, historically known as Rajagriha. It was an ancient city and a notable center of learning in the Mauryan era.

    What is the capital of Bihar in 2023?

    As of 2023, the capital of Bihar is Patna. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world and a major cultural and economic hub of Bihar.

    What is Pataliputra called now?

    Pataliputra, the ancient name for a historically significant city in India, is now known as Patna. It was the seat of power for various dynasties and empires in ancient India.

    What is the old name of Bihar capital Patna?

    The old name of Bihar's capital, Patna, was Pataliputra. It was a flourishing city in ancient India, renowned for its architectural and cultural heritage.

    Who shifted capital to Patna?

    The Mauryan emperor Udayin is credited with shifting the capital to Patna, then known as Pataliputra, around 490 BCE. This move marked a significant period in the city's historical and political development.

    What is the new name of Magadh?

    The ancient region of Magadh, known for its historical and cultural significance in Indian history, is now part of the modern-day state of Bihar. This region was the center of several major dynasties in ancient India.

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