HomeFull FormLPG Full Form – Liquefied Petroleum Gas

LPG Full Form – Liquefied Petroleum Gas

LPG, or Liquefied Petroleum Gas, is a type of hydrocarbon gas that is liquefied through pressurization. It is a natural gas composed of a mix of propane and butane and is usually produced as a by-product of refining crude oil. In this article, we shall look at LPG full form, how LPG is derived and the applications of LPG.

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    Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a by-product of natural gas and petroleum refining. It is a colourless, odorless, nontoxic, non-corrosive, and flammable gas composed of various hydrocarbons. LPG has been used as a fuel for heating, cooking, and transportation since the early 1900s.

    The history of LPG dates back to the 18th century when British chemist and industrialist William Murdoch discovered its combustible properties. In the early 1900s, LPG was used primarily for lighting and as a fuel for internal combustion engines. In the 1920s, it was widely used by the British Royal Navy in its ships, submarines, and aircraft. In the 1930s, LPG was used extensively in the United States as an industrial fuel and to power motor vehicles.

    In the 1950s and 1960s, the use of LPG as an automotive fuel increased due to its efficiency, safety, and low cost. By the 1970s, it had become the most popular fuel for automobiles in the United States, Europe, and Japan. Today, LPG is used worldwide in residential, commercial, and industrial applications, and is particularly popular in developing countries.

    LPG has come a long way since its discovery in the 18th century and is now one of the most popular and efficient fuels available. Its low cost, clean burning properties, and efficiency make it an attractive choice for consumers, businesses, and industry.

    LPG Full Form

    LPG stands for Liquefied Petroleum Gas. It is a colourless and odourless gas, composed mainly of propane and butane, and is stored as a liquid. It is a highly efficient, cost-effective and safe form of energy. It is also used in industrial and agricultural processes, such as food processing. LPG is a clean, efficient and inexpensive fuel source, and is widely used in many countries around the world.

    Also read: What is Liquefied Petroleum Gas – LPG?

    Applications of LPG

    LPG is widely used in residential and commercial applications, such as cooking and heating. In the home, LPG can be used in gas cookers, water heaters, and other appliances, as well as in gas fires, gas barbecues, and gas heaters. It is also used in commercial and industrial settings for the same purposes.

    In India, LPG is used primarily as a fuel in households. It is used for cooking and heating purposes. This is beneficial, as it eliminates the need for burning wood, which is both inefficient and damaging to the environment. LPG is also used in place of kerosene, another common fuel in India. This is beneficial, as kerosene is known to produce high levels of indoor air pollution, which can be hazardous to health.

    LPG is also used in transportation. It is used as an alternative fuel for vehicles, and it is also used to power boats. This is beneficial, as it is a clean fuel and does not release harmful emissions into the environment.

    In addition, LPG is used as an industrial fuel. It can be used to power large machinery, such as boilers and generators. This is beneficial, as it is an efficient and clean fuel, and it can help reduce industrial emissions.

    The main advantages of LPG are that it is relatively clean-burning, efficient, and cost-effective. LPG is the cleanest burning fossil fuel and produces fewer emissions than gasoline or diesel, making it a more environmentally friendly option. It is also more efficient, as it produces more energy per gallon than gasoline or diesel. In addition, LPG is a low-cost fuel, making it an attractive option for many consumers. It is also relatively easy to store and transport due to its low pressure and liquid form.

    LPG does have some drawbacks, however. It does produce some carbon dioxide and other pollutants, and is flammable and explosive if not handled properly. It is also a finite resource, so it is important that we use it responsibly.


    In conclusion, LPG has become an important part of modern life. It is an excellent energy source, and its advantages make it an attractive choice for variety of applications, including households, transportation and industry. It is relatively clean-burning, efficient, and cost-effective, and is easy to store and transport. With responsible use, LPG can be a great way to meet our energy needs.

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    FAQs on Liquefied Petroleum Gas

    What is LPG gas?

    LPG gas, also known as liquefied petroleum gas, is a flammable hydrocarbon fuel mixture primarily composed of propane and butane, commonly used for heating, cooking, and fueling vehicles.

    Is LPG gas or petrol?

    LPG gas is not the same as petrol. LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is a distinct fuel source that is commonly used for heating, cooking, and fueling vehicles, while petrol (also known as gasoline) is a liquid fuel primarily used for internal combustion engines in cars and other vehicles.

    What is LPG and CNG?

    LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) and CNG (compressed natural gas) are alternative fuels used in vehicles. LPG is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases, primarily propane and butane, while CNG is composed of mostly methane gas.

    Why is it called LPG?

    LPG is called LPG because it refers to liquefied petroleum gas, which accurately describes the nature of the fuel—petroleum gases that have been compressed and converted into a liquid state for ease of storage, transport, and use

    What is the formula for LPG gas?

    The formula for LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is primarily C₃H₈, representing propane, which is one of the main components of LPG. However, the composition of LPG can vary and may also include other hydrocarbon gases like butane (C₄H₁₀) and isobutane (C₄H₁₀).

    What does LPG gas contain?

    LPG primarily contains a mixture of hydrocarbon gases, including propane (C₃H₈), butane (C₄H₁₀), and isobutane (C₄H₁₀), although the exact composition can vary.

    What is LPG price?

    The price of LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) can vary significantly depending on factors such as location, market conditions, taxes, and subsidies, making it necessary to check with local suppliers or consult reliable sources for current and accurate pricing information.

    Is LPG propane?

    LPG is not exclusively propane, but propane is one of the primary components of LPG. LPG can also include other hydrocarbon gases such as butane and isobutane, depending on the composition and intended use of the fuel.

    Is LPG effective?

    Yes, LPG is considered an effective fuel due to its high energy content, clean combustion, and versatility for various applications such as heating, cooking, and powering vehicles.

    Is LPG worth it?

    Whether LPG is worth it depends on individual circumstances, such as availability, cost, and specific needs, but it is commonly chosen for its convenience, efficiency, and environmental benefits.

    How to check LPG subsidy status?

    To check the subsidy status of LPG, you can visit the official website of your country's LPG provider, log in to your account, and navigate to the subsidy or consumer section where you can access information about your subsidy status or contact the LPG provider's customer service for assistance.

    What is LPG gas price today?

    The current price of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) varies depending on region and market conditions. It is best to contact your local gas supplier for the most up-to-date price.

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