Area of a Prism – Introduction, Formulae, Types, Solved Examples & FAQs

# Area of a Prism – Introduction, Formulae, Types, Solved Examples & FAQs

## Area of Prism

The area of a prism is the total area of the faces of the prism. The area of a prism can be found by multiplying the base area by the height of the prism.

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### Types of Prisms

The unique feature of a prism is if it is cut from the middle or basically at the intersection. The cross-section of the object will be parallel to the base. This means that the cross-section of the prism will be uniform throughout. Given that most prisms are polygonal, depending on the shape of the cross-section, there are mainly two types of prisms, regular and irregular prisms.

A regular prism may be defined as a prism whose base corresponds to a regular polygonal shape, for example, a square, a circle, a triangle, etc. Let’s take the example of a rod. Cylindrical in shape, if this rod is cut in the middle, we will obtain a perfect circle which will be identical to its circular base. Similarly, if you were to cut out a plateau in the middle, you’d get a quadrilateral which would be parallel to its base.

On the contrary, an irregular prism has every other property of a prism but it doesn’t resemble a regular polygon. This is to say that it does not have a rectangle or a triangle or any other regular polygonal shape as its base. Remember those fascinating kaleidoscopes that we all loved to buy from the fairs? Many of them had interesting shapes like hearts, stars, bubbles, etc. Now, these are not regular polygons so prisms with irregular shapes base are called irregular prisms.

Now that we know the definition of a prism, let us move to find out the surface area of the prism.

### Area of Prism

As a three dimensional figure, the area of a prism is calculated in terms of the surface area of the prism, which is basically the sum of the area of all its faces. We know in the case of a two-dimensional figure, we find out the area by multiplying the sides of the figure. In case of a three-dimensional figure like a prism, we calculate the area of the prism by including the height of the object as well.

We know that the defining feature of a prism is that it has two identical bases, irrespective of the kind of prism. Now, if the area of prism definition reflects, the sum of the surface area of all its faces, then we can simply double up the area of the bases and add the product of the rest of the dimensions. Let us illustrate this better with the area of the prism formula.

The surface area of prism formula may be defined as 2 x area of base + (perimeter of base x height)

### Area of Prism Example

If we take the example of a rectangular prism, then the area of prism formula would read like:

2 x Length x Breadth + 2( Length + Breadth) x Height

Let us now understand the area of prism formula in this case with the figure :

Area of the base is length x breadth, so we simply need to double it up for the top and the bottom surfaces.

Then we sum up the perimeter of the base by adding the length and the breadth and again double it up for the parallel sides. Finally, we multiply this with the height to account for the third dimension and voila! We have our surface area of prism for a rectangular prism.

### Area of Prism Solved Example

How can we calculate the surface area of a prism for a triangular prism?

The area of prism formula is 2 x Length x Breadth + 2( Length + Breadth) x Height

On a similar count, we can combine the area of the prism formula to a triangular in order to find the surface area of prism in this case.

The formula to be used here would be Area of the triangular base + 2( perimeter of the sides) x height

Hence, the area of the base can be evaluated as : H x B + 2(S1+S2+S3) x H

### FAQs

Q. What is Prism?
A. Prism is a software framework that helps you build maintainable, scalable, and testable desktop applications using .NET technologies.

Q. What platforms does Prism support?
A. Prism supports multiple platforms including WPF, WinForms, and UWP (Universal Windows Platform).

Q. What is the role of a module in Prism?
A. A module is a self-contained unit of functionality in Prism that can be added or removed from the application at runtime. Modules help in achieving modular application design.

Q. What is the purpose of regions in Prism?
A. Regions are placeholders in the application’s UI where views can be dynamically loaded and unloaded at runtime. This enables developers to create flexible and dynamic UIs.

Q. How does Prism support Dependency Injection (DI)?
A. Prism provides a built-in container for DI that can be used to manage the dependencies of the application’s components.

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