Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of diabetes mellitus include frequent urination, excessive thirst, extreme hunger, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision, and fatigue. Risk factors for diabetes mellitus include obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Treatment of diabetes mellitus includes lifestyle changes, oral medications, and insulin therapy.
About Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition that is caused by a deficiency in the hormone insulin or an inability to use insulin correctly. Insulin is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels in the body. When blood sugar levels become too high, the body becomes unable to function normally. Symptoms of diabetes mellitus include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and blurred vision. Diabetes mellitus can lead to a number of serious health complications, including heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney failure.
Types of Diabetes Mellitus
There are three types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. As a result, the body is unable to produce insulin, a hormone that helps the body use glucose for energy. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections to survive.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is a chronic disease that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot use insulin properly. People with type 2 diabetes often need to take oral medications and/or insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It is a temporary condition that usually goes away after the baby is born. However, women who have gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Main Symptoms of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Without insulin, the body’s cells cannot use food for energy. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to live.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the body makes extra insulin to try to overcome the resistance. But, over time, the pancreas can’t keep up and the blood sugar level rises. About 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is first seen during pregnancy. Some women have so much sugar in their blood that their babies are at risk for problems. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, but women who have had it are more likely to get type 2 diabetes later in life.
Treatment for Diabetes Mellitus
The treatment of diabetes mellitus depends on the type of diabetes, the severity of the blood sugar levels, and other health problems. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to control their blood sugar levels. People with type 2 diabetes may need to take medication to control their blood sugar levels. They may also need to lose weight and to exercise regularly.
Risk Factors of Diabetes
There are many risk factors associated with diabetes, including genetics, age, diet, and lifestyle. Some people are more likely to develop diabetes because of their genes, while others are more likely to develop the disease because of their age or lifestyle. Poor diet and lack of exercise are two of the leading causes of diabetes, and both can be controlled through changes in diet and exercise habits.
What causes Diabetes?
The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which is responsible for the body’s use of glucose (sugar). Diabetes is a condition in which the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin, doesn’t respond to insulin, or both. This results in an accumulation of glucose in the blood, which can cause a wide variety of health problems.
How is Diabetes Managed and Treated?
There is no known cure for diabetes, but it can be managed and treated with a variety of methods.
One common approach is to manage diabetes with a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. This might include taking insulin injections, following a specific diet, and exercising regularly.
Another approach is to use an insulin pump. This device can be worn on the body and delivers a steady dose of insulin throughout the day.
People with diabetes may also need to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly. This can be done with a blood sugar meter, which measures the amount of sugar in a blood sample.
If blood sugar levels are too high or too low, adjustments can be made to the person’s medication or diet.