Study MaterialsQuestionsQuestion: Define a taxon, Give some examples of taxa at different hierarchical levels

Question: Define a taxon, Give some examples of taxa at different hierarchical levels

Answer: A particular level of hierarchy in the classification of living organisms is termed a taxon. A taxon (plural taxa) is a unit of classification. 

The examples of taxa at different hierarchical levels are species, followed by genus, family, order, class, phylum (in animals) or division (in plants), and kingdom, in ascending order. In a hierarchy, the kingdom category is present at the topmost level, whereas species is at the lowest level. So, each included category can be called a taxon (rank). Species are grouped within genera; genera are grouped within families, families are grouped into order, orders are grouped within a class, and so on.

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    Taxonomic Hierarchy of Mangifera indica

    • Kingdom: Plantae
    • Division: Mangoliopsida
    • Class: Magnoliophyta
    • Order: Sapindales
    • Family: Anacardiaceae
    • Genus: Mangifera
    • Species: indica

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