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Ncert Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory

Class 8 History Chapter 2 Questions and Answers – Free Download – Trade to Territory

NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History Chapter 2 is a crucial part of your study material that will assist you to obtain outstanding marks within the science exams. science History Class 8 Chapter 2 Solutions are prepared by expert teachers. Download CBSE NCERT Solutions Class 8 Chapter 2 “From Trade to Territory the corporate Establishes Power” to enhance your marks in History.

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    Match the following:

    Diwani Tipu Sultan

    “Tiger of Mysore” Right to collect land revenue

    Faujdari adalat Sepoy

    Rani Channamma Criminal court

    Sipahi Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor

    ANS:

    Diwani Right to collect land revenue

    “Tiger of Mysore” Tipu Sultan

    Faujdari adalat Criminal court

    Rani Channamma Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor

    Sipahi Sepoy

    1. Fill in the blanks:

    (a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of ___________.

    (b) Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of ___________.

    (c) Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of ___________.

    (d) Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the ___________ part of India.

    Answer:
    (a)Plassey
    (b)
    Mysore
    (c)Lapse
    (d) Western

     

    1. State whether true or false:

    (a) The Mughal Empire became stronger in the eighteenth century.

    Ans. False

    (b) The English East India Company was the only European company that traded with India.

    Ans. False

    (c) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab.

    Ans. True

    (d) The British did not introduce administrative changes in the territories they conquered.

    Ans. False

    1. What attracted European trading companies to India?
    1. i) The fine quality of cotton and silk produced in India had a big market in Europe.
    2. ii) Pepper, cloves, cardamom and cinnamon too were in great demand. These attracted European Trading Companies.
    1. What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?
    1. After the death of Aurangazeb, the Bengal Nawabs asserted their power and autonomy.
    2. They refused to grant the company concessions, demanded large tributes for the company’s right to trade.

    3. They denied the right to mint coins.

    4. Nawabs even stopped the Company for extending fortifications.

    1. How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?

    Ans: The assumption of Diwani benefited the East India Company in the following way.

    1. In 1765 the Mughal emperor appointed the company as the Diwani of the provinces of Bengal.
    2. The Diwani allowed the company to use the vast revenue resources of Bengal.
    3. The out flow of gold and silver which the company imported to buy goods in India was stopped.
    4. The revenue from Bengal could be used to purchase cotton and silk textiles in India.
    5. The revenue helped the company by maintaining its troops, and meeting the cost of building forts and Company offices.
    1. Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance”.

    1. Under the system of ‘subsidiary alliance’ Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armed forces.

    2. They were to be protected by the Company, but had to pay for the subsidiary forces that the company was supposed to maintain for the purpose of this protection.

    3. If the Indian rulers failed to make the payment, then part of their territory was taken away as penalty.

    4. The states which had to lose their territories on this ground were Awadh and Hyderabad.

    1. In what way was the administration of the Company different from that of Indian rulers?
    2. The Company made a proper system of administration. The Indian rulers did not have a proper system of administration.
    3. British territories were broadly divided into administration units called Presidencies. Whereas Indian kingdom was divided into provinces.
    4. The supreme head of the British administration was the Governor General. Whereas the supreme head of Indian administration was King.
    5. A new system of justice was established under the British rule.
    6. Each district has two courts – a criminal court (faujdari adalat) and a civil court (diwani adalat).
    7. The Company took suggestions from pundits and maulvis before making new laws for criminal and civil cases. The Indian rulers seldom thought about respecting local sensibilities before making any rule.
    1. Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.
    1. The Company recruited the peasants in the army and trained them as professional soldiers.
    2. It came to be known as the sepoy army.
    3. As warfare technology changed from the 1820’s the cavalry requirements of the company’s army declined.
    4. Soldiers of the Company army had to keep pace with the changing requirements of military so its infantry regiment became more important.
    5. In the early nineteenth century the British began to develop a uniform military culture.
    6. Soldiers were increasingly subjected to European style training, drill and discipline that regulated their life far more than before.
    1. After the British conquest of Bengal, Calcutta grew from a small village to a big city. Find out about the culture, architecture and the life of Europeans and Indians of the city during the colonial period.

    Ans. Indians were influenced by British culture, architecture and lifestyle.

    1. Culture: British influence began.
    2. Architecture: Influenced by the British Architecture (fortification of the city, churches, etc.). Rich Indians started constructing bungalows in the English style.
    3. Life: English education, English clothes, became to be popular.

     

    1. Collect pictures, stories, poems and information about any of the following – the Rani of Jhansi, Mahadji Sindhia, Haidar Ali, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Lord Dalhousie or any other contemporary ruler of your region.
    1. Rani of Jhansi:

    Lakshmibai was born probably on 19 November 1828 in the holy town of Varanasi in a Marathi brahmin family. Her father was Moropant Tambe. Her father worked for a court of Peshwa of Bithoor district. Peshwa brought Manikarnika up like his own daughter. The Peshwa called her “Chhabili”, which means “playful”.

    She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age; her studies included archery, horsemanship, and self-defense.

    Rani Lakshmibai was accustomed to ride on horseback accompanied by a small escort between the palace and the temple. The Rani Mahal, the place of Rani Lakshmibai, has now been converted into a museum. She died, fighting British Army bravely, to save her state Jhansi.

    2.Mahadaji Shindhia:

    Srimanth Mahadji Shinde (also spelt as Mahadji Scindia) was a Maratha statesman known for his crucial role in resurrecting Maratha power following the disastrous Third Battle of Panipat in 1761

    Between 1742 and 1761 he would undertake many more campaigns in Northern India. These campaigns would bring regions such as Malwa, Rajputana, Rohilkhand, Bundelkhand etc under the Maratha Empire.

    His role during the ‘First Anglo Maratha War was greatest from the Maratha side since he humbled the British in Central India, single-handed, which resulted in the Treaty of Salbai in 1782, where he mediated between the Peshwa and the British.

    3.Hyder Ali Of Mysore:

    Hyder Ali, a Muslim ruler of Mysore princely state and military commander who played an important part in the wars in southern India in the mid-18th century.

    He offered strong anti-colonial resistance against the military advances of the British East’India Company during the First and Second Anglo Mysore Wars and he was the innovator of military use of the ‘iron-cased Mysorean rockets.

    4. Maharaja Ranjit Singh

    Ranjit Singh was born to Sardar Maha Singh and Raj Kaur on 13 November 1780, in Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan). As a child, he suffered from smallpox which resulted in the loss of one eye. At the time, much of Punjab was ruled by the Sikhs under a Confederate Sarbat Khalsa system, which had divided the territory among factions known as misls Ranjit Singh’s father was the commander of the Sukerchakia Misl and controlled a territory in west Punjab based around his headquarter at Gujranwala.

    In 1799, Ranjit Singh captured Lahore (now in Pakistan) from the Bhangi Misl and later made it his capital. This was the first important step in his rise to power. In the following years, he brought the whole of central Punjab from the Sutlej to the Jhelum under his sway. This area includes north of Satluj (Jullundhar, Amritsar, Pathankot, etc.); and Lahore, Multan, etc. of Pakistan.

    1. Lord Dalhousie:

    Lord Dalhousie, Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856 .. He introduced the Doctrine of Lapse policy which turned out to be one of the major causes of the Revolt of 1857.

    In India, he was famous for various negative and positive reasons.
    Positive:

    1. Starting of Railway in 1853 A.D. for the first time, between Bombay to Thane.
    2. Starting with postal and telegraph services in India.
    3. Starting with widow remarriage in 1856 A.D.
    4. Completion of Ganges Canal.
    5. Reform in Indian civil services.

    Negative

    1. East India Company captured the princely state of Punjab in 1849 A.D.
    2. Second Anglo-Burmese War.
    3. Doctrine of Lapse (Most Controversial).
    4. Annexation of Awadh.

     

    Class 8 SST History Chapter 2 – Trade to Territory

    NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History-Free PDF Download

    Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions will offer you clarity regarding various aspects of this chapter, which can consequently assist you to solve questions from this chapter easily. In Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory, the corporate Establishes Power, you’ll encounter the questions on various events like when the Malay Archipelago company came to the east and began trade Bengal. This led to the Battle of Buxar, Battle of Plassey, etc.

    In this chapter, practicing these sorts of questions will make sure you have an honest understanding of the topic. NCERT Class 8 History Solutions for From Trade to Territory, the corporate Establishes Power PDF is out there here also and may be accessed by students both offline and online freed from charge. Download the free PDF Solution now.

    NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 science History Chapter 2 – From Trade to Territory the corporate Establishes Power

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    FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

    1. What Are the essential Outlines of Chapter 2 – from Trade to Territory the corporate Establishes Power?

    Ans: during this chapter, we’ll check out a quick outline of the series of events that gave our country’s power to the British. It all began with the arrival of the Malay Archipelago Company within the East.

    The Malay Archipelago Company bought goods from Indians at an inexpensive price and sold them at a way higher price in Europe. In 1651, the primary English factory was found out on the banks of river Hugli in Bengal. The battle of Plassey was a serious victory for the British in 1757. the method of the annexation of Indian states by the corporate from 1757 to 1857 brought forth some key aspects just like the company rarely launched an immediate military attack on an unknown territory. After 1764, the corporate forced the states into a ‘subsidiary alliance’

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    1. What are the topics covered in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History?

    Ans: Each topic from NCERT Class 8 History Chapter 2 is roofed within the NCERT Solutions. you’ll get questions associated with topics including the Malay Archipelago company, how and once they came to the East, and once they started trading in Bengal. you’ll encounter questions associated with the Battle of Buxar, Battle of Plassey, etc. These solutions will assist you to understand the topic in a proper format with a deeper understanding.

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    1. What quiet questions are important from Chapter 2 of NCERT for sophistication 8 History from the exam point of view?

    Ans: NCERT Chapter 2 Trade to Territory of sophistication 8 History is a crucial chapter from the exam viewpoint. The weightage of this chapter is going to be high within the examination. you’ll score good marks by understanding the chapter thoroughly. you’ll get questions from topics like the events of the Malay Archipelago company, how and once they came to the East and began trading in Bengal, the Battle of Buxar, and therefore the Battle of Plassey, in your exam.

    1. What would students learn from Chapter 2 of the NCERT textbook for sophistication 8 History?

    Ans: Chapter 2 Trade and Territory talks about the battles, wars, and lots of rulers that have taken part in it. Students will examine several battles just like the Battle of Buxar, Battle of Plassey, and lots more. This chapter mainly talks about the people of ancient centuries and the way they came to many territories to start the trading system in India. this data from history will help students to understand more about the people that have fought for his or her freedom and the way the trading system was inculcated within the country.

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