Study MaterialsNCERT SolutionsNCERT Solutions for Class 8 HistoryNCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Social Science Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 History Social Science Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power

NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science History Our Pasts III Chapter 2 – Get Free PDF

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 2 – From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power provide answers to the exercises found in the history book ‘Our Pasts-III.’ These solutions are beneficial for school exams as they are derived from NCERT textbooks, ensuring accuracy.

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    The solutions are designed in a straightforward manner by subject experts, making it easy for students to understand the topics. With these NCERT Solutions, students can practice a wide range of questions from the textbook. To prepare effectively for board exams, students can download the PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History using the provided links and practice offline for better results.

    Question: Match the following:

    Diwani Tipu Sultan
    “Tiger of Mysore” Right to collect land revenue
    Faujdari Adalat Sepoy
    Rani Channamma Criminal court
    Sipahi Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor


    Diwani’s Right to collect land revenue
    “Tiger of Mysore” Tipu Sultan
    Faujdari Adalat Criminal court
    Rani Channamma Led an anti-British movement in Kitoor
    Sipahi Sepoy

    Question: Fill in the blanks:

    1. The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of ___________.
    2. Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers of ___________.
    3. Dalhousie implemented the Doctrine of ___________.
    4. Maratha kingdoms were located mainly in the ___________ part of India.


    1. Plassey
    2. Mysore
    3. Lapse
    4. Western

    Question: State whether true or false:

    (a) The Mughal Empire became stronger in the eighteenth century.

    Ans. False

    (b) The English East India Company was the only European company traded with India.

    Ans. False

    (c) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab.

    Ans. True

    (d) The British did not introduce administrative changes to conquered territories.

    Ans. False

    Question: What attracted European trading companies to India?

    1. The fine quality of cotton and silk produced in India had a big European market.
    2. Pepper, cloves, cardamom, and cinnamon were in great demand. These attracted European Trading Companies.

    Question: What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company?

    1. After the death of Aurangazeb, the Bengal Nawabs asserted their power and autonomy.
    2. They refused to grant the company concessions and demanded large tributes for the company’s right to trade.
    3. They denied the right to mint coins.
    4. Nawabs even stopped the Company from extending fortifications.

    Question: How did the assumption of Diwani benefit the East India Company?

    Answer: The assumption of Diwani benefited the East India Company in the following way.

    1. In 1765 the Mughal emperor appointed the company as the Diwani of the provinces of Bengal.
    2. The Diwani allowed the company to use the vast revenue resources of Bengal.
    3. The outflow of gold and silver the company imported to buy goods in India was stopped.
    4. The revenue from Bengal could be used to purchase cotton and silk textiles in India.
    5. The revenue helped the company maintain its troops and meet the cost of building forts and Company offices.

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    Question: Explain the system of “subsidiary alliance.”

    1. Under the system of ‘subsidiary alliance,’ Indian rulers were not allowed to have independent armed forces.
    2. They were to be protected by the Company but had to pay for the subsidiary forces that the company was supposed to maintain for this protection.
    3. If the Indian rulers failed to make the payment, then part of their territory was taken away as a penalty.
    4. The states which had to lose their territories on this ground were Awadh and Hyderabad.
    5. How was the Company’s administration different from that of Indian rulers?
    6. The Company made a proper system of administration. The Indian rulers did not have a proper system of administration.
    7. British territories were broadly divided into administrative units called Presidencies. Whereas the Indian kingdom was divided into provinces.
    8. The supreme head of the British administration was the Governor General. Whereas the supreme head of the Indian administration was King.
    9. A new system of justice was established under British rule.
    10. Each district has two courts – a criminal court (faujdari Adalat) and a civil court (Diwani Adalat).
    11. The Company took suggestions from pundits and maulvis before making new criminal and civil case laws. The Indian rulers seldom thought about respecting local sensibilities before making any rule.
    12. Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army.
    13. The Company recruited the peasants into the army and trained them as professional soldiers.
    14. It came to be known as the sepoy army.
    15. As warfare technology changed from the 1820s, the cavalry requirements of the company’s army declined.
    16. Soldiers of the Company army had to keep pace with the changing requirements of the military, so its infantry regiment became more important.
    17. In the early nineteenth century, the British developed a uniform military culture.
    18. Soldiers were increasingly subjected to European-style training, drill, and discipline that regulated their life far more than before.

    Question: After the British conquest of Bengal, Calcutta grew from a small village to a big city. Discover the city’s culture, architecture, and life of Europeans and Indians during the colonial period.

    Answer: Indians were influenced by British culture, architecture, and lifestyle.

    1. Culture: British influence began.
    2. Architecture: Influenced by British Architecture (fortification of the city, churches, etc.). Rich Indians started constructing bungalows in the English style.
    3. Life: English education and English clothes became to be popular.

    Question: Collect pictures, stories, poems, and information about the Rani of Jhansi, Mahadji Sindhia, Haidar Ali, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Lord Dalhousie, or any other contemporary ruler of your region.

    Rani of Jhansi

    Class 8 History Chapter 2

    Lakshmibai was born probably on 19 November 1828 in the holy town of Varanasi in a Marathi brahmin family. Her father was Moropant Tambe. Her father worked for a court in Peshwa of Bithoor district. Peshwa brought Manikarnika up like his own daughter. The Peshwa called her “Chhabili,” which means “playful.”

    She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age; her studies included archery, horsemanship, and self-defense.

    Rani Lakshmibai was accustomed to riding on horseback accompanied by a small escort between the palace and the temple. The Rani Mahal, the place of Rani Lakshmibai, has now been converted into a museum. She died, fighting British Army bravely to save her state Jhansi.

    Mahadaji Shinde

    Mahadaji Shinde

    Srikanth Mahadji Shinde (also spelled as Mahadji Scindia) was a Maratha statesman known for his crucial role in resurrecting Maratha power following the disastrous Third Battle of Panipat in 1761

    Between 1742 and 1761, he would undertake many more campaigns in Northern India. These campaigns would bring regions such as Malwa, Rajputana, Rohilkhand, Bundelkhand, etc., under the Maratha Empire.

    His role during the ‘First Anglo-Maratha War was greatest from the Maratha side since he humbled the British in Central India single-handedly, which resulted in the Treaty of Salbai in 1782, where he mediated between the Peshwa and the British.

    Hyder Ali Of Mysore

    Hyder Ali Of Mysore

    Hyder Ali was a Muslim ruler of the Mysore princely state and military commander who played an important part in the wars in southern India in the mid-18th century.

    He offered anti-colonial solid resistance against the military advances of the British East’India Company during the First and Second Anglo-Mysore Wars, and he was the innovator of military use of the ‘iron-cased Mysorean rockets.

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh
    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

    Ranjit Singh was born to Sardar Maha Singh and Raj Kaur on 13 November 1780, in Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan). As a child, he suffered from smallpox, resulting in one eye loss. At the time, much of Punjab was ruled by the Sikhs under a Confederate Sarbat Khalsa system, which had divided the territory among factions known as misls. Ranjit Singh’s father was the commander of the Sukerchakia Misl and controlled a territory in west Punjab based around his headquarters at Gujranwala.

    In 1799, Ranjit Singh captured Lahore (now in Pakistan) from the Bhangi Misl and later made it his capital. This was the first important step in his rise to power. He brought the whole of central Punjab from the Sutlej to the Jhelum in the following years under his sway. This area includes north of Satluj (Jullundhar, Amritsar, Pathankot, etc.); and Lahore, Multan, etc. of Pakistan.

    Lord Dalhousie

    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2

    Lord Dalhousie, Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856 .. He introduced the Doctrine of Lapse policy which turned out to be one of the major causes of the Revolt of 1857.

    In India, he was famous for various negative and positive reasons.

    1. Railway started in 1853 A.D. for the first time between Bombay and Thane.
    2. I am starting with postal and telegraph services in India.
    3. I am starting with widow remarriage in 1856 A.D.
    4. Completion of Ganges Canal.
    5. Reform in Indian civil services.


    1. East India Company captured the princely state of Punjab in 1849 A.D.
    2. Second Anglo-Burmese War.
    3. The doctrine of Lapse (Most Controversial).
    4. Annexation of Awadh.

    NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History-Free PDF Download

    Our NCERT Solutions will offer you clarity regarding various aspects of this chapter, which can consequently assist you in solving questions from this chapter. In Chapter 2, From Trade to Territory, the corporate Establishes Power, you’ll encounter questions on various events, like when the Malay Archipelago company came to the east and began trading Bengal. This led to the Battle of Buxar, Plassey, etc.

    In this chapter, practicing these questions will ensure you honestly understand the topic. NCERT Class 8 History Solutions for From Trade to Territory, the corporate Establishes Power PDF is also out here and may be accessed by students offline and online, free of charge. Download the free PDF Solution now.

    NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 science History Chapter 2 – From Trade to Territory, the corporate Establishes Power

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    Benefits of NCERT Solutions for 8 Social Science History

    To make your learning process easier, our proficient and experienced teachers have formulated all the solutions in a well-structured format. The subsequent are the benefits that you will get if you employ our free Class 8 Chapter 2 History Solutions:

    • All the solutions available are precise and of top quality.
    • All the solutions are consistent with the CBSE guidelines.
    • Our expert teachers have prepared the NCERT solutions so that you get maximum marks.
    • NCERT solution PDF is out there free of charge to download for offline use.
    • Detailed and accurate solutions for all the questions.
    • Each solution is ready by the topic experts.
    • By downloading the free PDFs from Infinity Learn, you’d obtain clarity regarding issues you’re facing with Class 8 History questions.

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    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    What Are the essential Outlines of Chapter 2 - from Trade to Territory, the corporate Establishes Power?

    During this chapter, we'll check out a quick outline of the events that gave our country's power to the British. It all began with the arrival of the Malay Archipelago Company within the East. The Malay Archipelago Company bought goods from Indians at a low price and sold them at a way higher price in Europe. In 1651, the primary English factory was found on the banks of river Hugli in Bengal. The battle of Plassey was a serious victory for the British in 1757. the method of the annexation of Indian states by the corporate from 1757 to 1857 brought forth some key aspects, just like the company rarely launched an immediate military attack on an unknown territory. After 1764, the corporate forced the states into a 'subsidiary alliance' The way to Reduce the Fear of Social Science? a number of scholars face problems while understanding History. Thus, Infinity Learn has made the topic easier to know with the assistance of its expert teachers. the simplest thanks to learn are to require a sensible forward step and download the NCERT Solutions PDF now. Our NCERT Solutions is one among the important parts of sophistication 8 History study materials. These solutions are made with the utmost care by experienced and skilled teachers to make your exam preparation easier.

    What are the topics covered in Chapter 2 of NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History?

    Each NCERT Class 8 History Chapter 2 is roofed within the NCERT Solutions. you'll get questions associated with topics including the Malay Archipelago company, how and once they came to the East, and once they started trading in Bengal. you'll encounter questions associated with the Battle of Buxar, Battle of Plassey, etc. These solutions will assist you in understanding the topic in a proper format with a deeper understanding.

    Why should students prepare from NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History Chapter 2?

    History may be a difficult subject where you'll get twisted questions in your exam. So it's better to get on the safer side and practice questions during your preparations. you'll get Solutions for NCERT questions from the PDF, so you'll understand how to mold your answers to write down the right and required information asked within the question and score good marks. These solutions are available free of charge on the Infinity Learn Mobile app.

    What quiet questions are important from Chapter 2 of NCERT for sophistication 8 History from the exam point of view?

    NCERT Chapter 2 Trade to Territory of sophistication 8 History is a crucial chapter from the exam viewpoint. The weightage of this chapter is going to be high within the examination. you'll score good marks by understanding the chapter thoroughly. you'll get questions on topics like the events of the Malay Archipelago company, how and once they came to the East and began trading in Bengal, the Battle of Buxar, and, therefore, the Battle of Plassey in your exam.

    Where can I find the NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History Chapter 2 PDF online?

    To urge a web PDF for NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History Chapter 2, follow these steps: Click on NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 History Chapter 2. Click the Download PDF choice to download the Solutions as a PDF file. You can save this file on your device for offline use, also.

    What would students learn from Chapter 2 of the NCERT textbook for sophistication 8 History?

    Chapter 2 Trade and Territory talks about the battles, wars, and lots of rulers that have taken part in it. Students will examine several battles, like the Battle of Buxar, the Battle of Plassey, and many more. This chapter mainly talks about the people of ancient centuries and the way they came to many territories to start the trading system in India. This historical data will help students understand more about the people who have fought for her freedom and how the country’s trading system was inculcated. You can successfully download the PDF of the Solutions for Chapter 2 of NCERT History Class 8 by following the steps mentioned below: First, click NCERT Solutions for sophistication 8 science History Chapter 2 on the Infinity Learn website( The page of Infinity Learns solutions for sophistication 8 NCERT Solutions History Chapter 2 will open. At the highest of the page, you’ll find the “Download PDF” option on the left side. Click on the link, and your file will be downloaded within a few minutes.

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