Table of Contents
What Is Titanium Dioxide?
Titanium dioxide is a white pigment that is used in a variety of products, including paints, plastics, and paper. It also used as a food additive and as a sunscreen. Titanium dioxide is a mineral that is made up of oxygen and titanium.
Structure of Titanium Dioxide
Titanium dioxide is a white powder that is insoluble in water. It made up of a network of titanium and oxygen atoms, with each titanium atom bonded to two oxygen atoms. The structure of titanium dioxide shown in the figure below.
The Production Process of Titanium Dioxide
The production of titanium dioxide begins with the mining of ilmenite, a mineral that contains titanium dioxide. The ilmenite then crushed and ground into a powder. The powder then heated in a furnace, which causes the titanium dioxide to vaporize. The vaporized titanium dioxide then condensed and collected.
Titanium Dioxide Uses
Titanium dioxide is a white powder that used in a variety of products. It used as a pigment in paints, plastics, and paper. It also used as a sunscreen agent.Titanium used in food products to provide a white color and to improve the shelf life of the product . Therefore it is also used in toothpaste to provide a white color.
- Element: Titanium
- Atomic Number: 22
- Atomic Weight: 47.867
- Melting Point: 1668.0°C (3034.4°F)
- Boiling Point: 3287°C (5949°F)
- Density: 4.506 g/cm3
- Electron Configuration: [Kr] 4d2 5s2
- Oxidation States: 4, 3, 2, 1
- Titanium discovered in 1791 by William Gregor.
- It is a lustrous, white, hard metal.
- Titanium is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth’s crust.
- It is a strong, light metal that is resistant to corrosion.
- Titanium used in the manufacture of aircraft parts, tools, and sporting goods.
- It also used in dental implants and medical devices.
For more visit Titanium Dioxide – Structure, Properties and Uses