Q.1. Name the countries where the earliest kind of print technology was developed.
Ans. (i) China (ii) Japan (iii) Korea
Q.2. What is calligraphy ?
Ans. The art of beautiful and stylish writing is known as calligraphy.
Q.3.Who was the major producer of printed material in China ? For what purpose this material was used ?
Ans. The Imperial Slate in China was the major producer of printed material. The textbooks were used by the students appearing for service examination.
Q.4.When and by whom was hand printing technology introduced in Japan ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. Buddhist missionaries from China introduced hand printing technology inter Japan around AD 768 -770
Q.5.Which is the oldest book to be printed in Japan ?
Ans. The oldest Japanese book, printed in AD 565. is the Buddhist Diamond Sutra, containing Six sheets of text end woodcut illustrations.
Q.6.Which material was used to print pictures in Japan?
Ans. Playing cards , textiles and paper money was used to print pictures.
Q.7. Who was Marco Polo ?
Ans. Marco Polo was one of the greatest explorer who returned to Italy in 1295 after men, years of exploration in China Marco Polo brought the knowledge of woodblock printing to Europe.
Q.8. Who were scribes ?
Ans. Scribes were skilled persons who used to write manuscript for the publishers.
Q.9. Who developed the first printing press ?
Ans. Johann Gutenberg of Germany-1430.
Q.10. Name the first book published by Johann Gutenberg.
Q.11. What were ballads ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. A historical account or folk tale in verse, usually sung or recited.
Q 12. What was print revolution ?
Ans. It was a revolution which not only reduced the cost of production of books but also changed their relationship with information and knowledge It influenced popular perceptions and people starred looking the world in a different way.
Q.13. What was the role of cartoons and caricatures in the French Revolution ?
Ans. Cartoons and caricatures highlighted how the ordinary people peasants, artisans, and workers had a hard time while the nobility enjoyed life and oppressed them Circulation of cartoons led to the growth of hostile sentiments against the monarchy.
Q.14. What is manuscript ?
Ans. Manuscript is a handwritten material
Q.15 Why manuscripts were not widely used in everyday life ?
Ans. Manuscripts were highly expensive and fragile. They had to be handled carefully, and they could not be read easily. So manuscripts were not widely used in everyday life.
0.16. Who started publishing Sambad Kaumudi from 1821?
Ans. RajaRam Mohan Roy.
Q.17. Who was Martin Luther ?
Ans. He was a protestant reformer who favoured printing.
Q.18. What was Protestant Reformation ?
Ans. It was a 16th century movement to reform the Catholic Church dominated by Rome.
Q.19. What were Bibliotheque Blue ?
Ans. These are low priced small books printed in France. These were printed on poor quality- paper and bound in cheap blue covers.
Q-20. What was the basic objective of Ninety Five Theses ?
Ans. The basic objective of the Ninety Five Theses was to criticise many of the practice; and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church.
Q.21. Who said “Printing is the ultimate gift of God and the greatest one ? ] [CBSE 2010. 11, 12]
Ans. Martin Luther.
Q.22. What were Chap books ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. These pocket size books that were sold by travelling pedlars called chapmen. These became popular from the time of the 16th century print revolution.
Q-23. “The printing press is the most powerful engine of progress and public opinion is the force that will sweep despotism away”. Who said these words ?
Ans.Louise Sebastien Merrier.
Q-24.Name two scholars whose writings inspired French people.
Ans.Voltaire and Rousseau.
Q-25.Name any two women novelist of the 19th century.
Ans. Jane Austen and George Biot
Q-26.Who invented power driven cylindrical press ? What were its advantages ?
Ans.Richard M Hoe of New York.
1) The press was capable of printing S.OQO sheets per hour.
2) The press was useful for printing newspapers.
Q.27. Name any four languages in which Indian manuscript was prepared before the age of print.
Ans. (1) Sanskrit (2) Arabic (3) Persian (4) Bengali.
Q.28. When did the first printing press come to India?
Ans. The printing press first came to Goa with Portuguese missionaries in the mid-16th century.
Q.29. Who printed the first Tamil book ?
Ans. Catholic priests printed the first Tamil book in 1579.
Q.30. Name the first Weekly that appeared in India. Who bought it out ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. Konkani. Kanara and Tamil.
Q.31. Name the first weekly that appeared in India. Who brought it out ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. James Augustus Hickey.
Q.32. Why did Governor General Warren Hastings persecute Hickey ?
Ans. Because he criticised the British Government regarding slave trade.
Q.33. Which was first Indian newspaper ? By whom was it brought ?
Ans. Bengal Gazette. It was brought by Gangadhar Bhattacharya
Q.34. In north India, the ulama were deeply anxious about the collapse of Muslim dynasties. They feared that colonial rulers would encourage conversion, change the Muslim personal laws. Mention any two steps taken by them to counter this.
Ans. (i)They used cheap lithographic presses to publish holy scripts.
(ii) They published holy scripts in persian and Urdu.
Q.35. Name the printing presses which published numerous religious texts in vernaculars from the 1880s.
Ans. (i) Naval Kishore Press Lucknow.
(ii) Shri Venkateshwar Press – Bombay
Q.36. Who was the author of Amar Jiban ?
Ans. Rashsundari Debi.
Q.37. Who wrote Istri Dharam Vichar ?
Ans. Ram Chadtha.
Q.38 Name any four Indian women writers of the 19th century.
Ans. |1) Rashsundari Debi
(2) Kailashbashini Debi
(3) Tarabai Shinde
(4) Pandita Ramabai.
Q.39. Who wrote Gulamgiri ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. Jyotiba Phule.
Q.40. What was the theme of the book Gulamgiri ?
Ans. The basic theme of the book was about the injustice of the caste system
Q.41.What was Vernacular Press Act ? (CBSE 2014)
Ans. It was an act which was passed by the colonial government to dam the freedom of press The Act prodded the government with extensive rights top censor reports and editorials in the Vernacular press.
Q.42.Name an Act which was passed by the British government to keep a regular track of the vernacular newspapers.
Ans. The Vernacular Press act – 1878.
Q.43.Name the paper with which Bal Gangadhar Tilak was associated.
Q.44.’Liberty of speech … liberty of the press … freedom of association. The government of India is now seeking to crush the three powerful vehicles of expressing and cultivating public opinion, the fight for swaraj, for Khilafat … means a fight for this threatened freedom before all else….’
Who said these words ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi.